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  • Transcriber: TED Translators admin Reviewer: Joanna Pietrulewicz

  • I think that at the time,

  • Catwoman had a really cool pair of glasses

  • in the Batman series that was on television.

  • And I wanted to be cool like her.

  • It didn't occur to me

  • that glasses were really a medical device.

  • (Small Thing.)

  • (Big Idea.)

  • When light rays reflect off an object

  • and enter the eye through the cornea,

  • your retina converts this light into electrical impulses

  • that are sent to the brain,

  • which interprets the impulses

  • and allows you to understand what you're seeing.

  • Eyeglasses help you see.

  • The earliest forms of eye gear

  • can be traced back 4,000 years.

  • Cultures that needed to adapt to climates that were snowy

  • created eye shields,

  • and they were made of bone and animal hides.

  • They had small slits for people to see through,

  • but no lenses.

  • The first vision aid was called a reading stone

  • and was invented over 1,000 years ago.

  • It's not exactly clear who invented the first eyeglasses,

  • but many people attribute it to the Italians.

  • Early versions of eyeglasses were called rivet spectacles.

  • They were two magnifying glasses that were hinged together

  • at the bridge of the nose.

  • It took some time for eyeglasses to land

  • on the perfect design.

  • They didn't really have sides,

  • which are also called temples, or arms,

  • until about the 17th century.

  • Modern-day eyeglasses feature a pair of rims

  • that hold corrective lenses,

  • a bridge that connects the rims,

  • sides that slide behind the ears,

  • hinges that connect the sides to the frames,

  • and on some glasses, a pair of temple tips

  • for behind the ear comfort.

  • In American culture,

  • 20th century cinema helped popularize eyeglasses.

  • Audiences would see glamorous actresses and actors

  • donning glasses to take on a different persona.

  • Sometimes a pair of glasses became popularized

  • by the actual person that was wearing them,

  • and then that personality trait

  • was projected into the actual device.

  • You had the aviator glasses,

  • which showed a forward-thinking,

  • adventurous type of person.

  • Glasses with heavy frames signified intelligence

  • or nerdiness.

  • Wayfarers signified this kind of nerdy punk,

  • the outlaw, the misfit.

  • Glasses have become so popular as a fashion device

  • that some people actually don glasses

  • without a prescription lens at all,

  • because they want to portray a certain attribute about themselves.

  • Glasses are a lifeline to people.

  • People that can't see well enough to drive,

  • well enough to cook, well enough to read

  • rely on glasses for maintaining their lives.

  • And there's lots of other objects in our society

  • that have been created

  • to help overcome various physical obstacles.

  • And it's only the eyeglasses

  • that have catapulted to that fashion statement.

  • Wouldn't it be wonderful if anything that we use,

  • any device that we've invented to help our humanity

  • could also be elevated in the same way?

  • (Upbeat music)

Transcriber: TED Translators admin Reviewer: Joanna Pietrulewicz

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B2 中高級

眼鏡的功能與時尚--TED系列--小事情大創意。 (The function and fashion of eyeglasses | Small Thing Big Idea, a TED series)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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