B1 中級 21 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
- [Instructor] Let's take a look at this chart,
based on survey data from the Pew Research Center.
Researchers asked U.S. adults in early 2020
which issues they think should be top priorities
for the President and Congress.
The top two issues were the economy and the environment.
Now, as we compare that to other years,
you can see that these two policy issues
haven't always been top of mind,
although the economy has ranked 1st since 2002.
Until recently, jobs were second.
The environment was last place for several years,
and climate change didn't even make the list until 2015.
So what's going on here?
Questions like these help political scientists
measure the policy mood of the public,
people's preferences toward policy choices.
As you can see, policy mood changes over time,
in response to problems and issues that arise.
For example, in 2009, as a response to the economic crash,
surveyed adults responded that jobs
should be a top priority, but in 2020,
after a period of economic recovery and low unemployment,
jobs had fallen as a main concern and new issues
had taken its place.
Climate change has become a major concern
for many people, which wasn't even a term
that people knew a few decades ago.
Conversely, a poll like this taken in 1980,
might have shown containing Communism as a main concern,
but since the fall of the Soviet Union,
that has dropped off the list.
These measures of policy mood help politicians
and political parties craft their policy agendas,
in order to attract voters and serve their constituents.
But if so many people think that the economy
should be a major priority, why don't voters
all just agree on a course of action?
Here's where ideological differences come into play.
Political scientists sometimes divide policy issues
into position issues and valence issues.
Position issues are issues that divide voters,
like abortion or gun control, where there isn't much room
for overlapping opinions.
Valence issues are issues that most voters will agree with,
like our communities should be free of crime
or we should care for the elderly.
These are high level values that cut across partisan lines,
but the parties might differ
on how to achieve those outcomes.
For example, although both Democrats and Republicans
might want to reduce drug use, Republicans might argue
that tougher drug laws are most likely to achieve that goal,
while Democrats might argue that prevention
and education programs would be more effective.
So policy mood tells us what the public thinks
is most important at any given time,
but differing ideological beliefs about how best
to achieve those priorities lead to different approaches
on the left and the right.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

Ideology and policymaking | AP US Government and Politics | Khan Academy

21 分類 收藏
林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 3 月 28 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔