B1 中級 17 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
- [Instructor] In discussing political socialization,
we've talked a lot about factors that go into how people
develop their opinions on government and politics.
Your family, your friends, your demographic characteristics,
like your race, your gender,
they all contribute to your views.
In this video, I wanna talk about another set of factors
that influence a person's political views,
and that's political events.
And political events include not just elections or debates
or laws, but things like terrorist attacks,
or international incidents, or economic recessions.
These are external events that shape a person's beliefs,
either in the short-term or maybe even
for the rest of their lives.
So what are some examples
of how political events influence ideology?
Some events can change a person's party identification
or how strongly they identify with a party.
For example, researchers have found that people
who lost family members in the September 11th
terrorist attacks became more politically active
and have identified more strongly
with the Republican party since then.
Sometimes events can influence a person's attitudes
toward government and the political process as a whole.
And here we're not talking about which party a person
favors, but rather their ideas about government itself,
like is the government trustworthy?
Does my vote really count?
One example of this is the lasting influence
of the Vietnam War and Watergate scandal
on public trust in government.
You can see in this graph by the Pew Research Center
that since polls started asking Americans whether they trust
Washington to do what is right always or most of the time,
trust peaked in the early Johnson administration,
then crashed in the mid-1960s and 1970s
and has never really recovered since.
So events that happened more than 50 years ago have left
a mark on public trust in government that hasn't gone away.
But not all political events have
such a lasting effect on beliefs.
Some events influence opinions for just a short term,
like international events that influence
Americans' attitudes towards other countries.
For example, you can see in this poll data done by Gallup,
that the public's favorable opinion about Russia has changed
a great deal over the last 20 years,
with revelations about Russian hacking coming in 2015
leading to a sharp decline in favorable opinions.
The last thing I wanna note here is that researchers
have discovered that political events that happen
when someone is in their formative age, or the age
from about 18 to 24, when people are just getting out
on their own and starting to form an independent identity.
Events that happen then are more likely to have long lasting
effects on a person's political beliefs and behaviors.
The great recession in 2008 had a strong effect on people
in the millennial generation, many of whom were just getting
out into the workforce when it hit.
Studies have shown that this had an especially
strong influence on their ideas about government
and money compared to other generations.
So events can have both short and long-term effects
on people's political beliefs, not just about whether
they lean more liberal or conservative,
but also about how they think about government itself.
And those effects may be felt more strongly depending
on what stage a person is in their life
or how deeply an event impacts them personally.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

Influence of political events on ideology | AP US Government & Politics | Khan Academy

17 分類 收藏
林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 3 月 28 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔