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  • six from BBC learning english dot com.

  • Hello, Welcome to six minute grammar with me.

  • Finn on me, Alice.

  • Hello.

  • Today we're talking about defining relative clauses.

  • That's right.

  • Defining relative clauses will explain what they are.

  • We'll look at how they work.

  • We'll hear lots of examples on dhe.

  • We'll have a quiz to practice what we've learned so on with the show.

  • Let's start by looking at what relative clauses are on.

  • How we maketh Um, yes, defining relative clauses give information about a noun in a sentence or question they define or give more information about the thing that we're talking about.

  • And he is Katherine with our first example.

  • Have you seen the shoes that I bought today?

  • The defining relative clause is the phrase that I bought today on.

  • It tells us which shoes Catherine is talking about.

  • That's right.

  • Katherine probably has several pairs of shoes.

  • Adding the phrase that I bought today tells us exactly which shoes she means.

  • So let's have a closer look at the grammar off relative clauses.

  • We start with a noun, and then we add a relative pronoun, such as who or that plus a verb phrase, the relative pronoun who is for people.

  • Katherine, the man who owns this restaurant, is my best friend.

  • So the defining relative clause who owns this restaurant tells us exactly which man is Katherine's best friend.

  • The pronoun, which is for things.

  • And we use that for both people on dhe things.

  • Here's an example with which spring is a season, which I enjoy the most.

  • Me, too.

  • So to give MME.

  • Or information about a thing the season we heard the relative pronoun, which, plus the verb phrase I enjoy the most.

  • Here's another example.

  • That woman is the doctor who saw me yesterday.

  • This time the pronoun who refers to the doctor and the doctor is the subject off the verb soul.

  • The doctor saw Catherine right, who refers to the subject off the verb, the doctor who saw me yesterday.

  • Now this next example is slightly different.

  • Listen carefully.

  • That woman is the doctor who I saw yesterday again, who refers to the doctor.

  • But this time the doctor is the object off the verb sore.

  • Catherine saw the doctor, so the rule is when the pronoun refers to the subject.

  • It's she's the doctor who saw me yesterday.

  • And when the pronoun refers to the object, it's she's the doctor who I saw yesterday.

  • Now some people like to use whom, instead of who in object relative closes the doctor whom I saw.

  • And that's fine, whom is correct here, although who is probably more common in spoken English these days?

  • BBC learning english dot com on We're talking about defining relative clauses, and now it's quiz time.

  • They're all about Harry Potter.

  • Those questions.

  • So if you like, the film may be easier for you at I'll say some key words, and you have to make them into a sentence with a defining relative clause.

  • No, here's the 1st 1 Robbie Coltrane Acto play Hagrid, right?

  • Robbie Coltrane is the actor who played Hagrid in Harry Potter.

  • That's the one and another Hogwarts School.

  • Harry Potter go right.

  • Hogwarts is the school that Harry Potter went to.

  • Very good last one.

  • Her Miami Mary Ron Weasley.

  • How Miami is the girl who married Ron Weasley or as an object clause.

  • It's harmony.

  • Is the girl who Ron Weasley married.

  • Well done.

  • If you got those right now, before we finish, there's just time to mention that in everyday English.

  • It's find to leave out the pronoun completely when the relative pronoun is the object off the relative clause.

  • For example, Khamenei is the girl who Ron Weasley married, becomes her.

  • Miami Is the girl Ron Weasley married?

  • Don't you think she should have married Harry?

  • Well, I really think it's her mind.

  • His choice, Alice.

  • So that's the end of our brief look at defining relative clauses.

  • They begin with a pronoun and go after the noun that you want to define.

  • Yes, there's more about this on our website at BBC Learning english dot com, Join us again for more six minute grandma.

  • Bye bye.

six from BBC learning english dot com.


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A2 初級

定義相對分句 - 6分鐘文法 (Defining relative clauses - 6 Minute Grammar)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日