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  • Hey guys wassup this is Nayan here from Tech Barrack Solutions and

    嘿,夥計們,這是Nayan,來自Tech Barrack Solutions和。

  • today we are starting up with Linux tutorials.

    今天我們從Linux教程開始。

  • We will talk about Linux right from scratch

    我們將從零開始談Linux

  • and in this first tutorial I will give an introduction to Linux.

    而在這第一篇教程中,我將給大家介紹Linux。

  • So let's proceed.

    所以,讓我們'繼續。

  • What is Linux?

    什麼是Linux?

  • Linux is an Operating System

    Linux是一個作業系統

  • just like Windows and Mac OS X.

    就像Windows和Mac OS X一樣。

  • Linux derives many things from

    Linux的很多東西都來源於

  • Unix Operating System.

    Unix作業系統。

  • Linux is

    Linux是

  • open source and free.

    開源和免費。

  • What does open source and free mean? Let's have a look.

    開源和免費是什麼意思? 讓我們'看看吧。

  • Free basically means that no payments are required

    免費基本上意味著不需要付款

  • and you can directly download the Linux Operating System and install it

    並可直接下載Linux作業系統進行安裝。

  • on your personal computer.

    在您的個人電腦上。

  • Open Source means that there is a source code

    開源意味著有源代碼

  • related to Linux

    與Linux相關

  • and you can this source code as the Linux source code

    並可將此源碼作為Linux源碼。

  • and this source code can be used by any person in the world

    而這個源代碼可以被世界上任何一個人使用。

  • to create

    營造

  • his own Operating System

    他自己的作業系統

  • Now the Operating System that is created

    現在創建的作業系統

  • using this Linux source code

    使用這個Linux源代碼

  • will be nothing but the Linux Operating System.

    除了Linux作業系統,將一無所有。

  • Now because Linux is open source

    因為Linux是開源的

  • we have a large number of Linux Operating Systems out there in the market.

    我們在市場上有大量的Linux作業系統。

  • Let's have a look at the hardware requirements of Linux Operating System.

    讓我們來看看Linux作業系統的硬件要求。

  • I will not go into the specific hardware requirements like

    具體的硬件要求我就不多說了,如

  • how much RAM is required

    需要多少內存

  • or how much space is required,

    或需要多少空間。

  • because

    因為

  • every Linux distribution

    各個Linux發行版

  • has different

    有不同

  • hardware requirements. What I am gonna show you

    硬件要求。我要給你看的是

  • is the basic hardware requirement

    是基本的硬件要求

  • and that is

    那就是

  • Linux can be made to run on any x86 or x64 based

    Linux可以在任何基於x86或x64的作業系統上運行。

  • personal computer.

    個人電腦。

  • x86 is 32 bit

    x86是32位

  • and x64 is 64 bit.

    而x64是64位。

  • Who uses Linux?

    誰在使用Linux?

  • Linux is mainly used

    Linux主要用於

  • in Super Computers,

    在超級計算機。

  • servers

    服務器

  • and Android powered devices.

    和安卓驅動的設備。

  • Super Computers are the fastest computers in the world.

    超級計算機是世界上最快的計算機。

  • They can do large number of arithmetical calculations, in a single second.

    他們可以在一秒鐘內完成大量的算術計算。

  • 90% of the fastest 500 Super Computers

    速度最快的500臺超級計算機中的90%。

  • use Linux.

    使用Linux。

  • That gives us a hint

    這給了我們一個提示

  • that Linux is the fastest Operating System.

    Linux是最快的作業系統。

  • Now servers

    現在服務器

  • is like a storage

    如同倉庫

  • and in

    並在

  • website owners store all their website data, SQL databases, Oracle databases

    站長們將自己的網站數據全部存儲在SQL數據庫、Oracle數據庫中。

  • etc etc etc.

    等等等等等等。

  • And according to a survey,

    而根據一項調查。

  • approximately 60% of servers use Linux.

    大約60%的服務器使用Linux。

  • and only like 40% use Windows.

    而只有40%的人使用Windows。

  • So Linux is dominating in the server area.

    所以Linux在服務器領域佔據了主導地位。

  • And we also have Android powered devices.

    而且我們也有安卓系統的設備。

  • Now Android powered devices also make us of Linux.

    現在,Android驅動的設備也讓我們的Linux。

  • And Android powered devices

    而安卓系統的設備

  • or you could say the Android Operating System,

    或者你可以說是Android作業系統。

  • is the most famous mobile Operating System.

    是最著名的移動作業系統。

  • and the most widespread mobile Operating System today

    和當今最廣泛的手機操作系統。

  • in this era.

    在這個時代。

  • What is the usage share of Linux?

    Linux的使用比例是多少?

  • If we have a look

    如果我們看一下

  • at the Wikimedia statistics for June 2012, it says that Linux is

    在維基媒體2012年6月的統計中,它說Linux是一個很好的選擇。

  • being used

    正在使用

  • only by 1.53%

    僅為1.53%

  • and Android is being used by 4.73%.

    而安卓系統的使用率為4.73%。

  • We all know that Android is leading in the

    我們都知道,安卓系統是領先的

  • marketplace market space but

  • Linux in that desktop or you could say the personal computer market space

    Linux在該臺式機或者你可以說是個人電腦市場領域的應用

  • is lagging and that is

    是滯後的,那就是

  • because

    因為

  • 4-5 years ago Linux

    4-5年前 Linux

  • was like

    就像

  • you had to code in Linux for every specific task.

    你必須為每一個特定的任務在Linux中編碼。

  • Today Linux has been evolved to Graphical User Interface (GUI),

    今天的Linux已經發展到了圖形用戶界面(GUI)。

  • so expect

    於是乎

  • that Linux market share increases.

    即Linux市場份額的增加。

  • Now the second reason why Linux is lagging

    現在是Linux落後的第二個原因。

  • is because it

    是因為它

  • does not have great applications.

    並沒有很大的應用。

  • Most of the applications are

    大部分的應用是

  • open source

    開源

  • and I am not saying that open source applications are bad.

    我也不是說開源應用不好。

  • I myself use open source applications because they are free

    我自己使用的是開源應用,因為它們是免費的。

  • but the problem with

    但問題是

  • open source software is that

    開源軟件是

  • sometimes

    有時

  • they lack of many things,

    他們缺少很多東西。

  • so you require paid softwares

    所以你需要付費軟件

  • and one of the best example is Adobe Photoshop.

    而其中一個最好的例子就是Adobe Photoshop。

  • Adobe Photoshop is a paid software available for Windows and Mac OS X.

    Adobe Photoshop是一款付費軟件,適用於Windows和Mac OS X。

  • It is not available for Linux. The Linux version is Gimp. It is a open source

    它不能用於Linux。Linux版本是Gimp。它是一個開源的

  • version. It has the same functions as Adobe Photoshop but still

    版本。它具有與Adobe Photoshop相同的功能,但仍是

  • users have said that Adobe Photoshop is better than Gimp.

    用戶紛紛表示,Adobe Photoshop比Gimp好。

  • So there might be certain areas where Adobe Photoshop is better. So we

    所以可能在某些方面Adobe Photoshop會更好。所以我們

  • expect that Linux should get these kind of applications very soon.

    預計Linux應該很快就會有這樣的應用。

  • And if it get's that

    如果它得到

  • then it's market share will again boost up.

    那麼它'的市場份額將再次提升。

  • And it also lacks in games. So again Linux needs some great games

    而且它還缺乏遊戲。所以Linux又需要一些優秀的遊戲

  • and if these games come to Linux then again the market share of Linux will boost up.

    如果這些遊戲來到Linux,那麼Linux的市場份額將再次提升。

  • Keeping the market share aside,

    撇開市場佔有率不談。

  • let's talk about the filesystem of Linux.

    讓我們'來談談Linux的文件系統。

  • Linux makes use of extended journaling filesystem

    Linux利用擴展的日誌文件系統

  • that is ext4, ext3 and ext2.

    即ext4、ext3和ext2。

  • ext4 is currently being used

    目前正在使用ext4

  • and it supports that is extended

    它支持的是擴展的

  • journaling filesystem supports

    日誌文件系統支持

  • storage volumes up to 2^60 bytes

    最大存儲容量為2^60字節

  • and that's very

    而這是非常

  • large.

    大。

  • You can google it up

    你可以用谷歌搜索一下

  • and you would actually find that that's

    而你居然會發現,那'的。

  • GB's and GB's and GB's.

    GB'的和GB'的和GB'的。

  • An extended journaling filesystem

    一個擴展的日誌文件系統

  • that is ext4

    即ext4

  • has got faster file scanning. So

    有了更快的文件掃描速度。所以

  • pretty much overall extended journaling filesystem is a really good.

    總體來說擴展日誌文件系統是一個非常好的。

  • Now what are the famous Linux

    現在有哪些著名的Linux

  • Graphical User Interfaces?

    圖形用戶界面?

  • and I am talking about the famous ones. There are many Graphical User Interfaces in Linux.

    我說的是那些著名的。在Linux中,有很多圖形用戶界面。

  • I am just talking about the famous four.

    我說的是著名的四大。

  • One is GNOME, second is KDE

    一個是GNOME,第二個是KDE

  • Plasma Desktop,

    桌面等離子。

  • third is XFCE

    三是XFCE

  • and fourth is LXDE.

    第四是LXDE。

  • Now GNOME can be

    現在GNOME可以

  • further be given more GUI by using GNOME Shell.

    通過使用GNOME Shell進一步賦予更多的GUI。

  • and

  • Ubuntu Unity.

    Ubuntu Unity。

  • Let's have a look at these famous Graphical User Interfaces.

    讓我們來看看這些著名的圖形用戶界面。

  • Let's have a look at GNOME.

    讓我們來看看GNOME。

  • On the left hand side

    在左手邊

  • we have Ubuntu Unity

    我們有Ubuntu Unity

  • and on the right hand side we have GNOME Shell.

    而在右手邊我們有 GNOME Shell。

  • So this is how it looks

    所以這就是它的樣子

  • in the GNOME

    在GNOME

  • Graphical User Interface.

    圖形用戶界面。

  • For KDE Plasma Desktop,

    適用於KDE Plasma桌面。

  • it will look like this.

    它看起來像這樣。

  • And for XFCE and LXDE,

    而對於XFCE和LXDE。

  • it will look like this. The XFCE is on the left hand side and LXDE

    它看起來會是這樣的。XFCE在左手邊,LXDE則是

  • is on the right hand side.

    是在右手邊。

  • Now let's talk about the home folder in Linux.

    現在我們來談談Linux中的home文件夾。

  • Whenever you install a Linux Operating System,

    每當你安裝Linux作業系統時。

  • you will have a home folder.

    您將擁有一個主文件夾。

  • Now home folder will contain all your documents, music, videos,

    現在,主文件夾將包含你所有的文件、音樂、視頻。

  • etc etc.

    等等等等。

  • Now what comes with the Linux OS?

    現在,Linux作業系統附帶了什麼?

  • Every Linux distribution comes with basic required softwares like

    每個Linux發行版都有基本的必備軟件,如

  • photo viewer,

    照片查看器。

  • video player, documents editor,

    視頻播放器、文檔編輯器。

  • text editor,

    文本編輯器。

  • web browser,

    網頁瀏覽器。

  • mail client,

    客戶郵件。

  • and few games.

    和少數遊戲。

  • And many other applications

    還有許多其他應用

  • which are required for daily usage.

    日常使用所需。

  • Now many Linux distribution also comes with

    現在很多Linux發行版也自帶了

  • programming languages installed and

    安裝的編程語言和

  • they may include PHP, Java, C, C++,

    它們可能包括PHP、Java、C、C++。

  • etc etc.

    等等等等。

  • So that's what comes with Linux

    所以,這就是Linux所帶來的好處。

  • Operating Systems.

    作業系統:

  • Now what about programming applications in Linux?

    現在在Linux中編程應用呢?

  • You can use various programming languages like C, C++, Java,

    你可以使用C、C++、Java等各種編程語言。

  • fortran

    Fortran

  • etc etc to

    等到

  • make applications on

    申請

  • Linux.

    Linux的。

  • What about applications? How do you install them?

    那應用程序呢?如何安裝?

  • Many Linux distributions have their own

    許多Linux發行版都有自己的

  • App Store,

    應用商店。

  • just like the Mac App Store and users can download the applications from their

    就像Mac應用商店一樣,用戶可以從他們的應用商店下載應用。

  • App Store.

    應用商店。

  • Applications can also be installed from the internet too.

    應用程序也可以從互聯網上安裝。

  • Executable file for every Linux distribution is different.

    每個Linux發行版的可執行文件都不一樣。

  • Ubuntu's

    Ubuntu#39;s

  • executable file is .deb

    可執行文件為.deb

  • So you can install files

    所以你可以安裝文件

  • .deb also

    .deb 所以

  • or you could say you can install the applications using the .deb

    或者你可以說你可以使用.deb安裝應用程序。

  • executable file.

    可執行文件。

  • What about uninstalling the applications?

    那卸載應用呢?

  • Application uninstalling is done

    應用程序卸載

  • using the Terminal

    使用終端

  • or the App Store

    或App Store

  • or using the executable file itself.

    或使用可執行文件本身。

  • Now what about the Terminal?

    現在終端機怎麼樣了?

  • What is Terminal?

    什麼是終端?

  • Terminal is like the Command Prompt

    終端就像命令提示符

  • of Windows.

    的Windows。

  • It is used to perform various tasks like pinging,

    它用於執行各種任務,如ping。

  • finding IP Addresses of your internet connection,

    查找您的互聯網連接的IP地址。

  • installing applications,

    安裝應用程序。

  • doing SSH, etc etc.

    做SSH,等等等等。

  • So that is the end of this Linux

    這篇Linux的文章到此結束

  • introduction

    介紹

  • and i hope you liked it.

    我希望你喜歡它。

  • Please rate, comment, subscribe and visit http://www.techbarrack.com and also visit the links

    請評價、評論、訂閱和訪問http://www.techbarrack.com,也請訪問鏈接。

  • given on your screen.

    在你的螢幕上給出。

Hey guys wassup this is Nayan here from Tech Barrack Solutions and

嘿,夥計們,這是Nayan,來自Tech Barrack Solutions和。

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Linux Tutorials [01] - Basics Of Linux Operating System

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    Why Why 發佈於 2013 年 03 月 26 日
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