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  • Having covered Israel's legal rights in the West Bank. We're now going to focus on the Peace Process.

    之前我們證實過以色列在約旦河西岸的主權合法性。現在我們把焦點移到和平進程上。

  • Many suggest that Israel's presence in the West Bankwhat some people call the "occupation", is the cause of Palestinian hostility towards Israel, and the reasonthere is no peace.

    很多人認為,以色列對於約旦河西岸的掌控,或稱之為「佔領」,是巴勒斯坦人敵視以色列的主因,理由是...沒有和平。

  • But is that really true?

    但是,這真是如此嗎?

  • If Israel’s presence    is the causeof the conflict…  then it follows that there was no conflictbefore 1967 -when Israel was not in the West BankRight?

    假使以色列的存在 是所有衝突...的原因...那這麼說,在1967年以色列建國之前,就不應該有任何衝突...是不是?

  • Let's look at the facts

    讓我們來看一下事實...

  • The PLOthe Palestinian Liberation Organization.. was created in 1964 

    PLO...也就是「巴勒斯坦解放組織」...成立於1964年

  • -when the entire West Bank and Gaza was in Arab hands

    -當時,整個約旦河西岸及加薩走廊都在阿拉伯人的手裡

  • Why create the PLO in 1964… when Israel has no presence in the West Bank and Gaza

    為何巴勒斯坦解放組織要於1964年建立...而當時以色列尚未統治約旦河西岸及加薩走廊?

  • What "Palestine" were they liberating?

    「巴勒斯坦」究竟在解放什麼?

  • The PLO emblem -gives us the answer.   0:01:04.00,0:01:10.000 The PLO was created to remove by forcethe entire state of Israel from the map of the Middle East

    PLO的組織標誌給我們答案。 0:01:04.00,0:01:10.000 巴勒斯坦解放組織的成立是為了以武力...消滅整個以色列於中東的地圖上

  • A goal clearly stated in their Charter.

    此目標也在它們的組織章程中表述。

  • This goal was not new.

    這個並不是什麼新聞。

  • The PLO was continuing a long Arab history of sayingNo

    「巴勒斯坦解放組織」只是阿拉伯人長久以來,為反對而反對的歷史延續。

  • No -to the national self-determination of the Jewish people

    對於猶太人的國家自決權 -反對

  • No -to recognizing the Jewish ancestral homeland

    對於承認猶太祖先的家園 -反對

  • Let's take a look at the history:

    讓我們回顧歷史:

  • In 1937, the Peel Commission recommended a division of the land… a Jewish stateand -an Arab state.

    在1937年,英國的「皮爾委員會」建議劃分土地...一個猶太國家...和一個阿拉伯國家。

  • The Arab portion would include 96% of the territory that the League of Nations had originally designatedfor the Jewish Homeland.

    國際聯盟原本所指定,給猶太人建國的領土...其中96%規劃給阿拉伯人。

  • This included far morethan just the West Bank

    這區域遠比約旦河西岸...還要大上好幾倍。

  • Howeverinstead of accepting the Jews as peace partnersthe Palestinian leader Haj Amin Al-Husseini said… "NO" and found a partnerwhose vision was closer to his own

    然而,巴勒斯坦領袖 哈及.阿敏.阿爾胡山尼,一昧的「反對」...不但拒絕接受猶太人為和平共處的夥伴...還尋找與臭味相投的同夥

  • In 1947, the United Nations recommended The Partition plan- which again, offered the Arabs far more than just the West Bank.

    在1974年,聯合國提議了分割計畫 - 而這次規劃給阿拉伯人的領地也遠大於約旦河西岸的面積。

  • The Jews saidYES” 0:02:14.000,0:02:18.500 The Arab leaders again said "NO" and launched… a "war of extermination"

    猶太人說「同意」 0:02:14.000,0:02:18.500 而阿拉伯領導人又再次的說「反對」...並且展開了所謂的「消滅戰爭」

  • Israel won that war, established the state, but did not know a day of peace despite the factthat its Arab neighbors held the entire West Bank.

    以色列贏了這場戰爭並成功建國,但是自此從無一日安寧,只知道一項事實,就是...阿拉伯鄰居掌握了整個約旦河西岸。

  • The Arabs continued saying "NO!"

    阿拉伯人不斷的繼續說「反對!」

  • They attacked Israel relentlessly….using the West Bank as a launching paduntilIsrael took it over - in a war of self defense- in 1967

    他們殘酷的攻擊以色列...利用約旦河西岸為基地...一直到- 以色列在1967年的自衛戰爭中將西岸奪回。

  • After the warthe Arab League rejected all attempts at peace.   0:02:46.500,0:02:50.000 They continued to choose force over negotiation.

    戰爭後...阿拉伯聯盟拒絕了所有和平提案。 0:02:46.500,0:02:50.000 他們繼續用武力取代談判。

  • Andat a summit in the city of Khartoum - we again heard:  "NO, NO, NO".     

    再者...他們於蘇丹首都喀土木的首領會議中,又讓我們聽到:「反對,反對,反對。」

  • Let's fast-forward to 1993… Israel and the Palestinians sign the Oslo Accords.

    讓我們將歷史快轉至1993年...以色列與巴勒斯坦簽署了奧斯陸協議。

  • Were the Palestinians finally saying "yes"?

    巴勒斯坦人終究說了「同意」嗎?

  • IT appeared soIsrael said "YES"… and gave territorial control to a Palestinian government it helped establish

    表面上看似如此...以色列說「同意」...幫助巴勒斯坦建立自治區,並讓與西岸領土的主控權。

  • But despite signing agreementsthe Palestinian actionssaidNO”:

    然而除了一紙協議...巴勒斯坦人的行動還是表明了...他們「反對」:

  • During the next five yearsIsrael saw a significant increase in terrorist attacksWhich killed hundreds of Israelis.

    在接下來的五年內...以色列受到了激增的恐怖攻擊...造成數以百計的以色列人遇害。

  • In 1996, Yasser Arafat, the Palestinian leader declares: "...We plan to eliminate the State of Israel and establish a purely Palestinian State".

    在1996年,巴勒斯坦領導人阿拉法特,片面宣布:「...我們計畫剷除以色列並且建議單純的巴勒斯坦國。」

  • But Israel didn't give up saying "YES"..

    然而以色列並沒有放棄說「同意」...

  • In 2000, Israel's Prime Minister Barak -offers the Palestinians 93% of the West Bank.

    在2000年時,以色列總理巴拉克- 提議了將約旦西岸93%領土讓與巴勒斯坦人。

  • Againthe answer isNO!” …together with increased terror.    

    再一次...得到的答案仍是「反對!」...接下來是更多的恐怖攻擊。

  • In 2005 Israel withdraws from the Gaza strip,  uprooting 8,500 Israeli citizenshoping  to advance peace.

    2005年,以色列從加薩走廊撤退,並強制撤離了8500名以色列人...只希望能有進一步的和平。

  • The Palestinians?? …Again say "NO".

    而巴勒斯坦的人呢??又再次的說「反對」。

  • This time they increase rocket attacks -from Gaza- against Israeli civiliansby over 500%.

    這次他們增加了超過以往5倍的飛彈攻擊 -從加薩走廊發射- 襲擊以色列人民。

  • In 2008… another Israeli attempt at "YES"

    2008年,以色列再度嘗試「同意」接受他們

  • Prime Minister Olmert accepts nearly all Palestinian demandsincluding handing over almost 100% of the West Bankwith minor land swaps.

    總理歐馬特幾乎同意了所有巴勒斯坦人的要求...其中包括交出100%的西岸領土...只取得非常稀小的土地作交換。

  • The Palestinians?? ...Again say…“NO”.   

    而巴勒斯坦的人呢??又再次的說「反對」。

  • So…. what can we conclude?

    所以...我們的結論呢?

  • 1. The conflict was not caused by Israel's presence in the West Bank

    第一、衝突的原因並非以色列掌控約旦河西岸造成

  • The real cause of the conflict -until todayis the long-held Arab history of saying "NO":

    直到今天 -造成衝突的真正原因...是歷久以來阿拉伯人慣性的說「反對」:

  • "No to peace"… "No to the existence of Israel".

    「反對和平」...「反對以色列存在的事實」。

  • Because "NO" is consistent with Palestinian policyeducationand media.

    因為「反對」是巴勒斯坦一貫的政策...就連他們的教育...以及媒體都一樣。

  • Political and religious leaders continuously promote Israel’s destruction.

    政治及宗教領袖們不斷的鼓吹以色列將滅亡。

  • 2. Israel has said "Yes" for decades…. and has proven thatby signing peace with Jordan and Egypt.  

    第二、幾十年來以色列不斷的表示「同意」,而且也以行動證明...因此與約旦和埃及簽署和平協議。

  • So……  Where do we go from here?

    所以.....我們下一步要怎麼走?

  • How do we achieve peace?

    我們該如何取得和平?

  • With some good willmutual recognition of the right -to self-determination, andreal compromises on both sides.

    對方要提出善意...相互承認自治的主權,還有...雙方都要妥協。

  • Israelfor its partwill continue saying "YES" to a real and enduring peace.  

    以色列...在這方面...會繼續的說「同意」直到恆久的和平出現。

  • Butfor the peace process to succeed; The Palestinians…. will have to give up   their uncompromising choiceof forceover negotiation                                                          

    但是...和平進程要成功,還是要巴勒斯坦人...放棄他們冥頑的武力選擇...以協調取代

  • andof choosing …"NO"  - over "YES"

    並且...放棄「反對」- 選擇「同意」

  • It is about time.

    該是時候了。

Having covered Israel's legal rights in the West Bank. We're now going to focus on the Peace Process.

之前我們證實過以色列在約旦河西岸的主權合法性。現在我們把焦點移到和平進程上。

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B1 中級 中文 以色列 巴勒斯坦 反對 西岸 巴勒斯坦人 阿拉伯人

以色列-巴勒斯坦衝突。關於和平進程的真相 (Israel Palestinian Conflict: The Truth About the Peace Process)

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    姚易辰 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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