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  • Hey, everybody.

    嘿!大家好

  • I'm Cristen from "Stuff Mom Never Told You"

    我是「媽媽沒教的事」的克莉絲汀

  • here to tell you why Friday the 13th is considered unlucky.

    今天我要告訴大家為何 13 號星期五象徵不幸

  • Because in North America and Europe,

    因為在北美洲及歐洲

  • a significant proportion of the population

    有很大比例的人口在 13 號星期五

  • behaves very strangely on Friday the 13th.

    都表現的非常奇怪

  • Some people won't fly in airplanes,

    有些人不在這天搭飛機

  • host parties, apply for jobs, get married,

    舉辦派對、找工作、結婚

  • or even start new projects.

    或甚至展開新計畫

  • In fact, in the United States, roughly 8% of the population

    事實上,美國約有 8% 的人口

  • is afraid of Friday the 13th, which

    都害怕13號星期五

  • is a condition known as-- say it with me--

    這種症狀稱為--跟著我一起唸

  • Paraskevidekatriaphobia.

    黑色星期五恐懼症

  • That's right.

    沒錯

  • It's actually a combination of two separate fears.

    黑色星期五恐懼症其實結合了兩種恐懼

  • We have fear of the number 13, called triskaidekaphobia,

    其一是對數字 13 的排斥,叫做「數字13恐懼症」

  • and fear of Fridays, which is funny

    以及對星期五的恐懼

  • because everybody's always working for the weekend,

    這說來好笑,大家工作不就是為了週末的到來嗎

  • or so I thought.

    我想是吧

  • Anyway, the most familiar source of both of these phobias

    總之,這些恐懼症最為人所知的典故

  • is actually Christian theology.

    事實上來自於基督教教義

  • 13 is significant to Christians because it

    數字 13 對基督徒而言具特別意義

  • is the number of people who were present at the Last Supper,

    因為 13 剛好是「最後的晚餐」的出席人數

  • because you've got Jesus and his Twelve Apostles.

    也就是耶穌加上他的 12 位門徒

  • And Judas, the Apostle who betrayed Jesus,

    而 12 門徒中出賣耶穌的猶大

  • was allegedly the 13th member of the party to arrive.

    具傳是這場宴會中最晚到的一位 (第13個)

  • I think Judas was just being fashionably late, but you know.

    我是認為猶大遲到是精心安排的啦,你也知道為什麼

  • Now Christians have traditionally

    時至今日,基督徒傳統上

  • been wary of Fridays because they also

    在星期五時不免小心翼翼

  • think that Jesus was crucified on a Friday.

    因為耶穌正是在星期五這天被釘在十字架上

  • Some theologians think that Adam and Eve

    有些神學家認為亞當和夏娃

  • ate from the forbidden fruit on a Friday.

    也在星期五偷吃了禁果

  • What's going on?

    怎麼回事啊?

  • Why are all of the worst events in the Bible happening

    為什麼這些聖經上的壞事

  • on Friday, including the Great Flood?

    全都發生在星期五呢? 也包括大洪水嗎?

  • Yeah, supposedly Noah and his Ark set sail on a Friday.

    沒錯!據說諾亞方舟就是在星期五啟航的

  • Is Friday God's least favorite day?

    難道上帝討厭星期五嗎?

  • I'm starting to maybe think that it is.

    我不禁覺得可能真的是這樣

  • Because of all this, in the past many Christians would never

    基於以上種種原因,過去許多基督徒

  • begin any new project or trip on a Friday for fear that

    不會在這天旅行或展開新的計畫

  • the endeavour would be doomed from the start.

    因為害怕所有努力在一開始就註定失敗

  • Now sailors were particularly superstitious in this regard,

    如今航海員對這點更是特別迷信

  • often refusing to ship out to sea on a Friday.

    若遇上星期五,他們通常會拒絕出海

  • According to nautical legend, in the 18th century

    根據航海傳說,在 18 世紀時

  • the British Navy commissioned a ship called the HMS Friday

    英國海軍為了打破迷信

  • in order to quell this superstition.

    啟用一艘名為 HMS Friday 的船隻

  • The Navy selected the crew on a Friday.

    軍隊在星期五的時候徵召船員

  • They launched the ship on a Friday.

    這艘船也於星期五啟程

  • They even selected a man named James Friday as the ship's

    他們甚至挑選了名為「詹姆士.星期五」的人

  • captain.

    作為船長

  • And then one Friday morning the ship set sail.

    接著在某個星期五的早上,船出海了

  • But at bad luck would have it, it disappeared.

    但如惡運降臨般,這艘船消失不見了

  • Some historians then also trace a Christian distrust of Friday

    根據歷史學者所言,基督徒對星期五的不信任

  • to the church's overall opposition to pagan religions,

    可追溯至教會對於異教徒的反感

  • because, did you know, Friday is named after Frigg,

    因為「星期五 Friday」是由「弗麗嘉女神 Frigg」之名衍變而來

  • the Norse goddess of love and sex

    她是一位掌管情慾的北歐女神

  • who sounds like a really fun lady

    聽起來是一個超有趣的女生

  • to invite to one of your weekend parties.

    很適合邀請她參加你的週末狂歡派對

  • Now this strong female figure, these historians claimed,

    歷史學家聲稱,如此強烈的女性形象

  • posed a threat to the male dominated Christianity.

    會對由男性主導的基督教派造成威脅

  • So to fight her influence, the Christian church

    為了打擊她的影響力

  • characterized her as a witch, vilifying the day after her.

    基督教將她描述成女巫,以她為名的這一天也跟著遭殃

  • This characterization may have also played

    這樣的污名化也部分造成

  • a part of the fear of the number 13, triskaidekaphobia.

    大家對數字13的恐懼 「數字 13 恐懼症」

  • Do you remember that word?

    記得這個字嗎?

  • Yeah.

    耶嘿~

  • I did.

    我記得!

  • I can just now start to say it correctly.

    我到現在才可以正確得念出這個字

  • It was said that Frigg would often

    傳說弗麗嘉常參加的女巫聚會

  • join a convent of witches, normally a group of 12,

    有其它 12 個成員

  • bringing the total number to 13.

    所以加起來總共 13 位

  • And a similar Christian tradition

    另外一個類似的基督教傳說

  • holds that 13 is unholy because it signifies

    認為數字 13 很邪惡,因為 13 象徵

  • the gathering of 12 witches and the devil.

    12 個女巫與惡魔的聚會

  • What?

    什麼啊!?

  • That's kind of cool.

    真酷耶

  • Some trace the infamy of the number 13

    有些人說數字 13 的惡名

  • also back to ancient Norse culture.

    可以回溯至北歐古文明

  • In Norse mythology, the beloved hero Baldr

    北歐神話一位備受敬愛的英雄巴德爾

  • was killed at a banquet by the malevolent god

    在場宴會中被一位邪惡的神「洛基」給殺了

  • Loki who crashed the party of, you guessed it, 12,

    他破壞的這場盛宴上有...沒錯, 有 12 個貴賓

  • bringing the group to 13.

    所以在場的人共 13 位

  • And this story plus the story of the Last Supper

    這則北歐神話和「最後的晚餐」的故事

  • led to one of the most entrenched connotations

    構成人們對數字 13

  • of the number 13.

    最根深蒂固的看法

  • You should never sit down to a meal at a group of 13.

    你從來不會與為數 13 的人同桌吃飯

  • Another significant part of the Friday the 13th legend

    還有另一個關於 13 號星期五的傳說

  • is particularly bad.

    這個特別恐怖

  • And this was a Friday the 13th that

    這段 13 號星期五的故事

  • occurred in the Middle Ages.

    發生在中古時期

  • On a Friday the 13th in 1306, King Philip of France

    西元 1306 年的某個 13 號星期五,法國國王菲利普

  • burned the revered Knights of Templar at the stake,

    在火刑柱上焚燒十字軍的聖殿騎士

  • marking the day as an occasion of evil.

    因而使這天成為邪惡的象徵

  • Now these days, some people come to fear Friday

    現在,某些人害怕 13 號星期五

  • the 13th because of misfortune they've

    是因為他們過去曾在這一天

  • experienced on that day in the past.

    經歷過一些不幸

  • So if you get in a car wreck on Friday the 13th

    假如你在這天發生車禍

  • or lose your wallet on that day, then that superstition

    或是遺失錢包,那麼這樣的迷信

  • is bound to stick with you.

    一定深深烙印在你心裡

  • If you think about it, terrible things, horrible things,

    但是你想想看,恐怖可怕的事件

  • or just mundane things like spilling coffee on your lap,

    或是一些日常瑣事,例如打翻咖啡

  • losing your wallet, losing your cell phone, et cetera,

    遺失錢包、搞丟手機等等

  • this stuff happens all of the time.

    這些鳥事總是不斷發生

  • If you're looking for bad luck on Friday the 13th,

    所以如果你刻意尋找 13 號星期五有可能發生的壞事

  • you'll probably find it.

    你很可能真的會找到

  • Same thing with Saturday the 14th

    不論是 14 號星期六、

  • or Sunday the 15th, bad luck is everywhere, people.

    15 號星期天都一樣,壞運氣無所不在呀同學們

  • So why do we consider Friday the 13th unlucky?

    所以,為什麼我們認定 13 號星期五不吉利呢?

  • Well, maybe just because we want to.

    這個嘛,可能只是因為我們自己想相信

  • If you want to learn more about traditions, cultures,

    如果你要知道更多習俗與文化

  • and how our bodies work in this crazy modern world,

    以及我們的身體在瘋狂的現代世界中如何運作

  • you should watch more BrainStuff videos.

    你應該多看看BrainStuff影片

  • And don't forget to subscribe.

    別忘了訂閱喔!

  • It's a very lucky thing to do.

    這可是會為你帶來好運的

  • I promise.

    我保證!

Hey, everybody.

嘿!大家好

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為何十三號星期五不討喜? (Why Is Friday the 13th Considered Unlucky?)

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    阿多賓 發佈於 2015 年 02 月 20 日
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