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  • Hey guys, I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on IELTS and TOEFL

    嗨!大家好!我是Alex。謝謝你們點閱我的影片,也歡迎你們。這堂課程是有關雅思及托福的

  • academic vocabulary, with the focus being on verbs. So, on the IELTS and on the TOEFL,

    學術字彙,重點則是放在動詞。所以,在雅思和托福的考試中

  • vocabulary is, of course, extremely important.

    單字固然非常重要

  • It's necessary in the reading section, in the writing sections, obviously in the listening, and it can help you in your speaking as well.

    在閱讀、寫作、聽力、和口語測驗部分,單字都扮演著不可或缺的角色

  • So today what I'm going to do is look at 10 verbs that

    所以,今天,我要教你們10個動詞

  • you can find in the back of almost any TOEFL or IELTS preparation book which comes with an academic word list.

    你們可以在任何一本托福或雅思的參考書後面,看到這10個在學術字彙表中

  • And at the end, I'll let you know where you can find an academic word list that's a little more

    在這堂課的最後,我會跟你們介紹哪一個學術字彙表較為

  • comprehensive, that not only has verbs, but nouns and adjectives. The answer is actually quite simple.

    完整的,不只有動詞,還有名詞和形容詞。你們就會發現,要選出答案其實不難

  • So, let's begin with five verbs. The first one is: "estimate".

    所以,我們一起來學習這五個動詞。第一個是:「estimate(估計)」

  • So "to estimate" means to predict or guess, not merely guess though,

    「to estimate」指的是有評估過的預言或是猜測

  • to make an educated guess based on some kind of evidence. So, for example:

    有一個依據的猜測。所以,例如

  • "Police estimated that 20 people were killed." It's a little dark to say that, but if you read

    「警方估計有20人死亡」,這是有點悲傷的例子。但,如果你們讀

  • any newspaper article or if you are doing a reading section on a TOEFL or an IELTS,

    任何一篇的新聞報道或是在做托福及雅思的閱讀部分

  • you might read something similar to this. So police estimated; they made a prediction.

    你們可能會讀到類似這樣的內容。所以,警方做了一個大概估計及預測

  • Okay? The next word is: "identify".

    下一個字是:「identify(找出)」

  • "Identify" is just another way to say: "show" or: "to point out", if you want to use a phrasal verb. So:

    「Identify」就是和「show(展現)」的意思一樣,你們也可以用一個動詞片語「to point out(指出)」

  • "Scientists have identified numerous species." They have basically shown, discovered, pointed out numerous species.

    「科學家已證實了許多的物種」。基本上,他們已經展示、發現、指出許多的物種

  • Okay, and just a reminder: all of these are verbs

    另外在提醒一下:這些所有的動詞

  • which means you can use them in variety of tenses, all English tenses.

    可以運用在任何一種英文時態

  • The next verb is: "interpret". "To interpret" means to give a personal analysis or a personal opinion on something.

    下一個動詞是:「interpret(闡釋)」。「To interpret」指的是在某件事情上,給予個人的見解或意見

  • So you can interpret a text, you can interpret a film, you can

    所以,你可以詮釋文本、你可以詮釋一齣電影、你也可以

  • interpret a person's words. The example we have here is:

    解讀一個人的話。這個動詞的例句是:

  • "His poems have been interpreted in many ways." So they have been analyzed, and people have

    「他的詩作已被解讀成很多形式」。所以,他們已經被人分析,人們也已經

  • developed their own opinions, many different types of opinions about his poems.

    有他們自己的想法,對他的詩有不同的見解

  • So this comes from "interpretation" which I know some of you Latin speakers may be familiar with.

    這個字是由名詞「interpretation」衍生出來的。我想,你們應該有些拉丁母語者蠻熟悉這個字(interpretation源自於拉丁字interpres)

  • The next verb is: "minimise". This is the opposite of: "maximize". When you think of "max",

    下一個動詞是:「minimise(減少)」。相反詞是「maximize(放大)」。當你們想到「max」

  • you think of the top. Right? When you think of "to minimise" something, you think

    你們就要知道是最上面的意思。而當你們想到「to minimise」某件事時,你們會想要

  • to keep it at a low level. So for example: "They attempted to minimise confusion."

    讓他保持在最低點。例如:「他們試著要減少困惑感」

  • Whether that's because they created a text and they didn't want people to be confused by the text,

    不管是不是因為他們發表了一篇文章,而他們不想讓他人有所誤解

  • so they kept the language at a, you know, manageable level that everyone could understand.

    所以,你們知道的,他們用淺顯易懂的語言讓每個人都能領悟

  • And finally: "occur", a very common verb.

    最後一個常見的動詞是:「occur(發生)」

  • And you might be wondering: "Well, what does 'occur' mean?" It just means: "happen",

    你們可能在想:「’occur’是什麼意思?」他指的就是:「happen(發生)」的意思

  • it comes from an occurrence. "An occurrence" is an event, something which happens. So:

    這個字是由名詞「occurrence」衍生出來的。「An occurrence」指的是一件事的發生。所以:

  • "This strange event occurred in 1994." The strange event happened in 1994.

    「在1994年發生一件奇怪的事」。1994年發生一件怪事

  • Okay, guys, let's look at the other five verbs that I'm going to look at today.

    好了,我們再一起看下面五個動詞

  • The next verb is: "obtain". Now, "to obtain" means to acquire or to get something.

    下一個動詞是:「obtain(獲得)」。「to obtain」意思是得到或是獲得某件物

  • So for example: "Archaeologists obtained the lost artifact."

    例如:「考古學家找到遺失的古物」

  • They acquired it, they got it, essentially. The next verb is: "prohibit".

    他們實質上的得到他,獲得他。下一個動詞是:「prohibit(禁止)」

  • This comes from "prohibition" which is the noun form. "To prohibit" is to not allow something or not

    這個字是由名詞「prohibition」衍生出來的。「To prohibit」意思是不允許某件事或是不

  • give permission to do something. So, for example: "Protesters were prohibited from entering."

    同意做某件事。例如:「抗議人士禁止進入」

  • Maybe from entering the building or something like this, so they were not allowed, they

    可能不行進入某建築物,像是這類的例子。他們不被允許的、

  • were not given permission, they were prohibited. The next is: "pursue".

    沒得到許可的、禁止的。下一個動詞是:「pursue(追求)」

  • Basically, this is a very common verb which means to chase or to go after.

    這個常見的動詞,基本上指的是放膽追求、努力朝向

  • So, for example: police pursue criminals. Or, as we have on the board: "He pursued a career in economics."

    例如:「警察追捕犯人」。或是白板上的例子:「他朝經濟學方面發展」

  • So you can pursue a career, like chase after it, go after it.

    所以,你們可以是追求一個生涯,像是放膽追求、努力朝向

  • Okay, the next verb is: "symbolise". "Symbolise", you might see the word: "symbol" in this.

    下一個動詞是:「symbolise(象徵)」。「Symbolise」的名詞為「symbol」

  • A symbol is a representation of something. So: "to symbolise" is to represent. For example:

    一個symbol指的是再現某件物。所以,「to symbolise」意思是再現。例如:

  • "In many cultures, the skull" - a human skull - "symbolizes death."

    「在許多文化中,頭骨-人類的頭蓋骨-象徵著死亡」

  • It represents death. And finally, we have the verb: "transform"

    最後一個動詞是:「transform(改變)」,動詞也是「transform」

  • which just means to change into, it comes from "transformation", which is the noun form.

    指的是改變,是由名詞「transformation」衍生出來的

  • So, for example: "Caterpillars transform into butterflies."

    例如:「毛毛蟲轉變成蝴蝶」

  • Okay, so today I have shown you 10 verbs. Now, again,

    好了!今天,我教了你們10個動詞。再提醒一次

  • these 10 verbs are but a small, small sample of the total number of verbs

    這只是在眾多學術動詞中的10個動詞

  • you're going to have to know and you're going to have to study to appropriately and adequately prepare for the IELTS or the TOEFL exam.

    在托福和雅思的考試中,你們必須要知道也要有相當的把握

  • So if you would like a more comprehensive list, you can actually check it out in the resources section of www.engvid.com.

    所以,如果你們想要一個更完整的必備單字表,你們可以來www.engvid.com看看

  • And also, keep an eye out for lessons... Similar lessons in the future about IELTS and TOEFL vocabulary related to nouns and to adjectives.

    以後,也不要忘記留意其他有關雅思及托福的名詞和形容詞課程

  • For today, if you'd like to test your understanding of the 10 verbs I have taught you, you can always check out the quiz on www.engvid.com.

    今天,如果你想測試自己是否了解以上10個動詞,你可以到www.engvid.com做個小測驗

  • And don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel.

    不要忘記訂閱我YouTube的頻道

  • Thanks guys.

    謝謝你們大家的收看!

Hey guys, I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on IELTS and TOEFL

嗨!大家好!我是Alex。謝謝你們點閱我的影片,也歡迎你們。這堂課程是有關雅思及托福的

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B1 中級 中文 動詞 托福 雅思 名詞 學術 追求

【考試英文】雅思和托福單字 - 動詞篇 (IELTS & TOEFL Academic Vocabulary - Verbs (AWL))

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