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  • Hello. My name is Birke Baehr,

    你好。我的名字是

  • and I'm 11 years old.

    我已經11 歲。

  • I came here today to talk about what's wrong with our food system.

    我今天來到這裡是為了談論我們的糧食系統究竟出了什麼問題

  • First of all, I would like to say

    首先,我想說

  • that I'm really amazed at how easily kids are led to believe

    這使我很驚奇地發現孩子們是很容易被

  • all the marketing and advertising

    所有的營銷和廣告引導.

  • on TV, at public schools

    在電視上,在公立學校

  • and pretty much everywhere else you look.

    和任何你看得到的地方。

  • It seems to me like corporations

    具規模的公司總是

  • are always trying to get kids like me

    試圖讓像我的孩子們

  • to get their parents to buy stuff

    使父母買東西給自己

  • that really isn't good for us or the planet.

    對於我們或者對於環境來說也是不好的.

  • Little kids, especially,

    尤其是小孩子

  • are attracted by colorful packaging

    總是被彩色的包裝

  • and plastic toys.

    和塑膠玩具所吸引

  • I must admit, I used to be one of them.

    我必須承認,我曾經是其中之一。

  • I also used to think that all of our food

    我也常想像,我們所有的食物

  • came from these happy, little farms

    都是來自這些幸福的小農場

  • where pigs rolled in mud and cows grazed on grass all day.

    那裡整天總有些豬滾在泥裡和牛在草地上放牧。

  • What I discovered was this is not true.

    我發現這是不正確的.

  • I began to look into this stuff

    我開始研究這些東西,

  • on the internet, in books and in documentary films,

    在網路上,在書籍和紀錄片,

  • in my travels with my family.

    在我和我的家人旅行時.

  • I discovered the dark side of the industrialized food system.

    我發現了工業化食品體系黑暗的一面.

  • First there's genetically engineered seeds and organisms.

    首先有種子和生物基因工程.

  • That is when a seed is manipulated in a laboratory

    這就是當一所實驗室為一顆種子

  • to do something not intended by nature --

    做一些不適合的某些事情--

  • like taking the DNA of a fish

    就像把一條魚的

  • and putting it into the DNA of a tomato -- yuck.

    放入番茄的DNA中--噁心 !

  • Don't get me wrong, I like fish and tomatoes,

    不要誤會我,我喜歡魚和番茄,

  • but this is just creepy.

    但這是讓人毛骨悚然的。

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • The seeds are then planted, then grow.

    然後種植種子,它們成長.

  • The food they produce have been proven

    他們生產的食品已被證明

  • to cause cancer and other problems in lab animals.

    會導致實驗室中的動物患上癌症和其他問題.

  • And people have been eating food produced this way

    而人們一直在吃這種生產方式的食品

  • since the 1990's.

    自20世紀 90年代起。

  • And most folks don't even know they exist.

    大多數人甚至不知道它們的存在。

  • Did you know rats that ate genetically engineered corn

    你知道當老鼠吃了基因工程的玉米

  • had developed signs of liver and kidney toxicity?

    便逐漸出現肝、 腎毒性的跡象嗎?

  • These include kidney inflammation and lesions and increased kidney weight.

    這些包括腎臟炎症、病變、和增加腎重量。

  • Yet almost all the corn we eat

    然而我們吃的玉米

  • is altered genetically in some way.

    的基因都是以某種方式去改變的。

  • And let me tell you,

    讓我告訴你,

  • corn is in everything.

    玉米的一切。

  • And don't even get me started on the confined animal feeding operations.

    但請不要讓我由密閉飼養作業開始.

  • called CAFOS.

    所謂 CAFOS(美國集中動物飼養中心)。

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • Conventional farmers use chemical fertilizers

    傳統農民使用的化肥

  • made from fossil fuels

    是由化石燃料的污垢所製成,

  • that they mix with the dirt to make plants grow.

    他們把污垢混合,使植物生長。

  • They do this because they've stripped the soil of all nutrients

    這些行為是因為他們已把土壤中所有的營養

  • from growing the same crop over and over again.

    從一遍又一遍的種植中剝奪殆盡了。

  • Next, more harmful chemicals are sprayed on fruits and vegetables,

    接下來,更多水果和蔬菜被噴上有害化學物質,

  • like pesticides and herbicides,

    如農藥和除草劑,

  • to kill weeds and bugs.

    用於殺死雜草和昆蟲

  • When it rains, these chemicals seep into the ground,

    下雨的時候,這些化學物質會滲入地表,

  • or run off into our waterways,

    流進我們的水道,

  • poisoning our water too.

    污染我們的水源.

  • Then they irradiate our food, trying to make it last longer,

    然後試著讓這些食物長久生輝,

  • so it can travel thousands of miles

    好讓它來到千里之外

  • from where it's grown to the supermarkets.

    的超市出售

  • So I ask myself,

    所以我問自己,

  • how can I change? How can I change these things?

    我可以怎樣改變?我怎樣才能改變這些東西?

  • This is what I found out.

    這是我發現的。

  • I discovered that there's a movement for a better way.

    我發現有一個更好的運作模式。

  • Now a while back,

    現在,前陣子,

  • I wanted to be an NFL football player.

    我想成為一個 NFL(美國欖球聯盟)的運動員。

  • I decided that I'd rather be an organic farmer instead.

    但是現在我寧願成為一個有機的農民。

  • (Applause)

    (掌聲)

  • Thank you.

    多謝

  • And that way I can have a greater impact on the world.

    而且那樣的話我可以對世界產生更大的影響力。

  • This man, Joel Salatin, they call him a lunatic farmer

    這個是 Joel Salatin,人們叫他瘋狂的農夫

  • because he grows against the system.

    因為他是反對這些作物系統的。

  • Since I'm home schooled,

    由於家裡的薰陶,

  • I went to go hear him speak one day.

    我用了一整天去聽他說話。

  • This man, this lunatic farmer,

    這個人,這個瘋狂的農夫

  • doesn't use any pesticides, herbicides,

    不使用任何殺蟲劑、 除草劑

  • or genetically modified seeds.

    或基因改良的種子。

  • And so for that, he's called crazy by the system.

    因此這一點,那些人稱他為瘋子

  • I want you to know that we can all make a difference

    我想讓你們知道誰都可以分別

  • by making different choices,

    提出不同的選擇,

  • by buying our food directly from local farmers,

    通過直接從當地的農民購買食物,

  • or our neighbors who we've known all our lives.

    或我們的鄰居,認識我們生活的人。

  • Some people say organic or local food is more expensive,

    有些人說有機食品的價格相比當地的食物是較昂貴的,

  • but is it really?

    但是否真的?

  • With all these things I've been learning about the food system,

    我一直在學習有關食品系統中所有的事情,

  • it seems to me that we either pay the farmer,

    我感覺我們要不是支付給農民

  • or we can pay the hospital.

    不然就是付錢給醫院。

  • (Applause)

    (掌聲)

  • Now I know definitely what one I would choose.

    現在我肯定知道我會選擇哪一個。

  • I want you to know that there are farms out there --

    我想讓你知道,那裡有一些農場 --

  • like Bill Keener in Sequachie Cove Farm in Tennessee --

    比如 在田納西州 Sequachie Cove Farm 農場的 Bill Keener

  • whose cows do eat grass

    那裡有母牛吃草

  • and whose pigs do roll in the mud, just like I thought.

    就如同我想像中有豬在泥中翻滾

  • Sometimes I go to Bill's farm and volunteer,

    我有時和志願者去比爾的農場,

  • so I can see up close and personal

    因此我可以親眼見到到

  • where the meat I eat comes from.

    我吃的食物是從那裡來的

  • I want you to know that I believe

    我希望你們知道,我相信

  • kids will eat fresh vegetables and good food

    孩子們會選擇吃新鮮的蔬菜和良好的食物

  • if they know more about it and where it really comes from.

    如果他們更了解它是來自哪裡的話。

  • I want you to know that there are farmers' markets

    我希望你知道每個農民在社會中

  • in every community, popping up.

    也是有市場的。

  • I want you to know that me, my brother and sister

    我想讓你知道,我和我的弟弟和妹妹

  • actually like eating baked kale chips.

    很喜歡吃烤綠菜片。

  • I try to share this everywhere I go.

    我無論去哪裡也嘗試給別人分享的。

  • Not too long ago,

    不久以前,

  • my uncle said that he offered my six year-old cousin cereal.

    我的叔叔說他把穀物烤片給我六歲的表弟。

  • He asked if he wanted organic Toasted O's

    他問, 他是否想要有機烤片

  • or the sugar-coated flakes --

    或是糖衣烤片--

  • you know, the one with the big striped cartoon character on the front.

    你知道,那就是用大條紋卡通人物在前面包裝的。

  • My little cousin told his dad

    我的小表弟對他的爸爸說

  • that he would rather have the organic Toasted O's cereal,

    他寧願得到有機穀物烤片,

  • because, Birke said, he shouldn't eat sparkly cereal.

    這是因為 Birke 說,他不應該吃閃閃發光的烤片。

  • And that, my friends, is how we can make a difference

    然而,大家,我們可以怎樣改變

  • one kid at a time.

    一個孩子的一生.

  • So next time you're at the grocery store, think local,

    所以下次你們光顧雜貨店時,請考慮買本地食材,

  • choose organic, know your farmer and know your food.

    選擇有機,並了解你的農民和你的食物。

  • Thank you.

    多謝

  • (Applause)

    (掌聲)

Hello. My name is Birke Baehr,

你好。我的名字是

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B1 中級 中文 農民 食品 食物 種子 農場 基因

【TED】Birke Baehr: What's wrong with our food system

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    康雅婷 發佈於 2013 年 12 月 04 日
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