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  • Aging, what a frightening business that is. No one likes to think about that.

    老化是多麼可怕的事情,沒有人喜歡談論這個。

  • Can we do something about it? Well science is saying yeah, maybe.

    我們可以做些什麼呢?科學說也許可以。

  • Some fascinating experiments done with mice...as we get older our cells age and some of them

    一些有趣的老鼠實驗 ... 隨著年齡增長,我們的細胞也老化了,

  • become what are known as senescent cells. They no longer divide but they do

    其中一些會變成衰老細胞,

  • release compounds that are inflammatory and that can damage tissues.

    它們不再分裂,但會釋放具發炎性且損害組織的化合物。

  • Well, in a very interesting experiment scientists injected young mice with senescent cells

    在一個有趣的實驗中,科學家給幼鼠注射衰老細胞,然後它們變老了。

  • and they got old. They became slower, they reacted more slowly

    它們會行動緩慢、對所有事情都反應遲鈍,

  • to everything and then they injected them with drugs, one of them derived from

    然後科學家又注射藥在牠們身上,成份裡其中一種是從蘋果皮上萃取的,

  • apple peels, the other one a pharmaceutical substance, and it turned out that after

    另一種是藥物,事實證明,

  • injecting it those mice regained their youthful appearance.

    當注射後,這些老鼠恢復了年輕樣貌。

  • Now granted this is only with mice and as we say mice are not men or women,

    現在只允許老鼠這麼做,就如同我們說的,老鼠不是男人或女人。

  • Is there anything that we can do that is more applicable to us?

    有什麼更適合我們做的嗎?

  • Well, maybe there is. It's a calorie-restricted diet.

    也許有,就是熱量控制的飲食。

  • Science has shown over and over again from rodents to dogs to monkeys

    科學從嚙齒動物到狗、然後猴子都一再證明,

  • that if they are put on a calorie restricted diet they age more slowly.

    如果牠們都有都有做到熱量控制的飲食,牠們就會減緩衰老。

  • What does that mean, a calorie restricted diet?

    那是什麼意思,熱量控制的飲食?

  • Well, may not be very appealing because it means eating less than the 2,000 calories

    因為這表示我們一天正常只能吃少於 2,000 大卡,這也許不太吸引人。

  • we normally a day. Of course, it doesn't mean that you just eat fewer potato chips or hot dogs.

    當然這並不是要你只吃少量的洋芋片或熱狗。

  • It has to be a balanced diet and it's possible to do that.

    而是均衡飲食,這是可能做到的。

  • Now I wish that we had long-term experiments with humans. We don't have that.

    現在我希望我們可以對人類做這個長期的實驗,雖然現在還沒有。

  • But it is an interesting possibility that just cutting down on food is going to increase our longevity.

    但減少食物攝取量會增加我們的壽命,這是很有趣的可能。

  • It's not a good idea to be hungry all the time and if it's gonna make you live

    一直保持飢餓狀態不是好主意,而且這會出現一個問題,

  • longer question comes up is it worthwhile living longer if you're going

    如果你將會錯過人生中美好的事物,

  • to miss some of the good things in life?

    這是否值得讓你延長壽命?

  • We're going to take a scientific look at that this week.

    我們將在本週進行科學考察。

  • Our annual Trottier Public Science Symposium is entitled Longing for Longevity

    我們一年一度的 Trottier 公共科學研討會主題是渴望長壽,

  • and we have some great speakers: Dr. David Sinclair from Harvard

    然後我們有很棒的演講者:來自哈佛大學的 David Sinclair 博士,

  • is going to address whether or not there are any supplements we can take to reduce

    他將會告訴我們是否可以透過任何補充劑來減緩老化過程。

  • the aging process. Kelly Dobos will look at cosmetics, what can we put on our

    Kelly Dobos 將著眼於化妝品,我們可以擦什麼在皮膚上預防老化?

  • skin to perhaps retard aging? And we will also have the legendary Dr. Ruth discuss

    我們還邀請到傳奇的 Ruth 博士,他將會探討五十歲之後是否還有性?

  • whether or not there is sex after 50. You are all invited. It takes place on Tuesday

    所有人都歡迎參加,此研討會在星期二和星期三的七點開始,

  • and Wednesday at 7 o'clock at the Centre Mont Royal, corner of Sherbrooke and Mansfield.

    地點在皇家山中心,是在舍布魯克和曼斯菲爾德的轉角處。

  • It's absolutely free. Everyone is invited. We're gonna have a great time.

    這是完全免費的,每個人都可以參加,我們一定會度過愉快的時光。

  • And in the meantime I will try to cut back on the calories in my diet.

    同時,我將試著減少飲食中的熱量。

Aging, what a frightening business that is. No one likes to think about that.

老化是多麼可怕的事情,沒有人喜歡談論這個。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 老化 衰老 飲食 老鼠 實驗 科學

喬-施瓦茨博士:如何更長壽? (Dr. Joe Schwarcz: How to live longer)

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    Annie Chien 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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