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  • My name is Glenn,

    我是葛倫,

  • I'm 25,

    今年二十五歲,

  • and I don't know my real last name.

    我不知道我真正的姓氏。

  • It's not uncommon in America.

    這種狀況在美國並非不常見。

  • Most black people in this country are walking around

    在這個國家,大部分的黑人

  • with a slave owner's last name.

    用的都是奴隸主的姓氏。

  • Black history has been systemically erased and altered for centuries.

    數世紀來,黑人歷史已經 被系統性地抹除和改變。

  • As I give this talk,

    我在這裡演講時,

  • there are more than 700 Confederate monuments standing nationwide.

    全國有超過七百座 南方聯盟的紀念碑。

  • These were erected to honor Confederate soldiers

    立碑的目的是對 南方聯盟的士兵表示敬意,

  • who fought to maintain slavery --

    他們為了維護奴隸制度而戰——

  • mostly in the South --

    大部分都是在南方——

  • from the 1890s to the 1950s,

    從 1890 年代到 1950 年代,

  • when Jim Crow laws enforcing racial segregation were in full effect.

    那段時間,吉姆 · 克勞法 極端強制種族隔離。

  • To this day, black people are forced to confront monuments of slaveholders

    至今,黑人仍被迫要在公共空間中

  • in our public spaces.

    正視奴隸主的紀念碑。

  • These memorials are a physical representation of a system

    這些紀念碑是體制的具體代表,

  • that is actively working to define whose lives matter

    這個體制主動去定義誰的命重要、

  • and whose lives do not.

    誰的命不重要。

  • If we are going to disrupt the narrative,

    如果我們要中止這種故事,

  • we have to start at the origin.

    我們就得從源頭下手。

  • Genocide, slavery and patriarchy started in the Americas

    種族大屠殺、奴隸制度、父權制

  • with Christopher Columbus.

    都是在哥倫布時代出現在美國。

  • Most people in the United States know about his voyage of 1492.

    在美國,大部分人都知道 他 1492 年的航行。

  • Fewer people know that an estimated 250,000 indigenous Arawaks were wiped out

    很少人知道,在他到達後的兩年內,

  • within two years of his arrival.

    估計有二十五萬原住民 阿拉瓦克人被除掉。

  • Even fewer people know

    更少人知道,

  • that Columbus admitted in a letter written to Doña Juana de la Torre

    哥倫布在寫給 Doña Juana de la Torre 的信上承認

  • that "nine and 10-year-old girls were in high demand,

    「非常需要九、十歲的女孩,

  • and for girls of all ages a good price must be paid."

    且願意用很好的價格 購買各種年齡的女孩。」

  • Yet New York City's Columbus Circle has had him perched 76 feet high

    但,紐約市的哥倫布圓環 有一座七十六英呎的哥倫布雕像,

  • next to Central Park since 1892.

    從 1982 年起就 一直在中央公園旁。

  • I started Movers and Shakers,

    我創立了 Movers and Shakers,

  • a nonprofit,

    它是一個非營利組織,

  • to get the statue removed.

    目的是要移除這座雕像。

  • Movers and Shakers is a group of activists, artists,

    Movers and Shakers 的團隊 成員包括活動家、藝術家、

  • educators and engineers focused on using immersive technology

    教育家,和工程師, 重點在使用身歷其境的技術

  • to highlight the narratives of the oppressed.

    將被壓迫者的故事給突顯出來。

  • In our campaign to knock Columbus off his pedestal,

    在我們打算將哥倫布 打下雕像墊座的活動中,

  • we engaged in a visually provocative form of activism.

    我們採用了一種在視覺上 很有煽動性的行動主義形式。

  • We created an augmented reality installation

    我們創造了一個 擴增實境現實裝置,

  • on the true story of Christopher Columbus

    主題是哥倫布的真實故事,

  • and used it to host teach-ins in Columbus Circle and Times Square.

    用它來主持在哥倫布圓環 和時代廣場的教學。

  • Many see the controversy around the statue

    許多人把雕像的爭議視為

  • as tension between the Italian-American community

    義大利裔美國人族群

  • and the indigenous community.

    和原住民族群之間的緊張局勢。

  • The reality is that most black people are here in this country

    現實是,現在之所以 有許多黑人在這個國家裡,

  • as a result of the atrocities

    就是哥倫布帶起的

  • that were kicked off by Christopher Columbus.

    殘暴行為所造成的結果。

  • So we ended up holding a slave auction in Union Square

    最後,我們在聯合廣場 舉辦奴隸拍賣,

  • to tie into the genesis of the transatlantic slave trade.

    促成了橫越大西洋 做奴隸買賣的起源。

  • I ran the New York City Marathon in chains to spread awareness to this issue.

    我戴著鐵鏈去跑紐約市馬拉松, 希望喚起對這個議題的意識。

  • I was also arrested in Giants Stadium for hosting a slave reenactment

    我也在巨人球場被逮捕,因為我在巨人足球隊球場重演奴隸

  • at their football team's home opener.

    在他們主場首開賽中。

  • We gave it everything that we had,

    我們盡了全力,

  • but in the end,

    但最終

  • New York City decided to keep the statue,

    紐約市決定要保留雕像,

  • and New York State unanimously voted to make it a landmark.

    紐約州全體一致投票通過, 讓它成為地標。

  • The news was devastating,

    這消息讓人好無力,

  • but it opened up another door.

    但它也開啟了另一扇門。

  • We realized that with augmented reality

    我們了解到,若採用擴增實境,

  • you don't need permission from the government

    不需要政府的許可,

  • to put up a monument or to make a statement.

    就能夠立起紀念碑或是發表聲明。

  • You can just do it.

    你可以直接就去動手做。

  • So New York City right now

    目前紐約市

  • currently has more than 150 statues of men and six of women

    有超過一百五十座男性雕像 和六座女性雕像,

  • and currently acknowledges slaveholders in public spaces as well.

    且目前也在公共空間中 肯定奴隸主。

  • So we decided, why not just put up a bunch of AR monuments

    所以,我們決定, 為何不在全市各地設立

  • of women and people of color throughout the city?

    一堆女性和有色人種的 擴增實境紀念碑?

  • Typically, monuments are created

    通常,建造紀念碑的目的

  • to commemorate the achievements of the deceased,

    是要紀念死者的成就,

  • but with augmented reality, we can reroute the rules.

    但有了擴增實境, 我們可以改寫規則。

  • We started with sports.

    我們先從運動著手。

  • Colin Kaepernick.

    科林 · 卡佩尼克。

  • He was the starting quarterback of the San Francisco 49ers,

    他曾在舊金山四九人隊 擔任先發四分衛,

  • and he wanted to use his platform

    他想要用他的平台

  • to highlight the injustice of systemic racism.

    來突顯出體制中的種族主義 有多麼不公正。

  • So he consulted a Green Beret on the most respectful way to do this,

    所以他請教美國陸軍特種部隊, 最尊重的做法是什麼,

  • and he decided to take a knee during the national anthem.

    他決定在唱國歌的時候單膝跪地。

  • He lost his contract with the 49ers,

    他丟了和四九人隊的合約,

  • he was blackballed by every NFL owner,

    他被所有 NFL 球隊老闆排斥,

  • he was criticized by millions

    他被數百萬人批評,

  • and even the president of the United States

    就連美國總統

  • decided to insult him.

    都決定要侮辱他。

  • It may be decades before Colin Kaepernick is adequately respected for his courage,

    或許科林 · 卡佩尼克的勇氣在 數十年之後才會得到應有的敬重,

  • so our team decided to do this.

    所以我們的團隊決定從他開始。

  • Now anyone that walks by Trump Tower can see Colin Kaepernick take a knee

    現在只要走過川普大廈,就可以看到科林卡佩尼克單膝跪地,

  • in augmented reality,

    在擴增實境裡,

  • and there's nothing they can do about it.

    且他們完全沒輒。

  • (Laughter)

    (笑聲)

  • Representation matters.

    代表性很重要。

  • Serena Williams proved to the world

    小威廉絲向世界證明

  • that a black girl from Compton can dominate a sport

    來自康普頓的黑人女孩也能稱霸

  • that's traditionally played at exclusive country clubs.

    傳統上只有在專門的 鄉村俱樂部中才有的運動。

  • Let's celebrate her now.

    咱們來讚頌她吧。

  • Jackie Robinson.

    傑基 · 羅賓森。

  • He broke the color barrier

    他打破了膚色的障礙,

  • and empowered many black athletes to play in Major League Baseball.

    讓許多黑人運動員 能在職棒大聯盟打球。

  • We're going to take this monument of him and put it in Ebbets Field

    我們要把他的紀念碑 放在艾比斯球場,

  • so that anyone can see him swing for the fences

    大家都能看到他用力揮棒

  • in Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

    在布魯克林的艾比斯球場。

  • With augmented reality,

    有了擴增實境,

  • we have the power to tell stories in public spaces that need to be told.

    我們就能夠在公共空間 訴說必須要說出來的故事。

  • The achievements of people like Frida Kahlo, Audre Lorde,

    一些人的成就,例如 芙烈達 · 卡蘿、艾德烈 · 洛爾德、

  • Toussaint Louverture,

    杜桑 · 盧維杜爾、

  • Madam C.J. Walker --

    沃克夫人——

  • this should be common knowledge.

    這些應該是常識。

  • Our vision is a "Pokémon Go" for a contextualized history.

    我們的遠景,為情境化的歷史 做出「精靈寶可夢 GO」。

  • Augmented reality can also be used as a tool to support organizations

    擴增實境也可以用來當作工具,

  • that are fighting against systemic oppression.

    去支持那些對抗體制壓迫的組織。

  • In 2019 we will release our free smartphone app

    2019 年,我們會推出 免費智慧手機應用程式,

  • with augmented reality monuments and content.

    裡面有擴增實境紀念碑和內容。

  • You can take your smartphone and hold it over any one-dollar bill

    你可以拿著智慧手機, 放在任何一元鈔票上,

  • and see a scene in augmented reality

    就能看到擴增實境的場景,

  • that illustrates the injustice of cash bail.

    說明現金保釋的不公平。

  • You can then click on the screen

    接著,你可以按下螢幕,

  • and be directed to the donation page of The Bail Project,

    連結到保釋計畫的捐獻網頁,

  • a fund that raises money for people who cannot afford bail.

    這個計畫是在為無法 負擔保釋金的人募資。

  • With augmented reality,

    有了擴增實境,

  • we the people have the power

    我們人民就能有權力

  • to highlight the narratives of the oppressed

    在制度拒絕突顯被壓迫者的故事時,

  • when institutions refuse to do so.

    我們就能自己來。

  • We can use this tool to highlight the systemic implications

    我們能用這種工具來突顯出體制

  • of erasing someone's history.

    如何抹滅某些人的歷史。

  • And more concretely,

    更具體來說,

  • we can use this technology as a way to support initiatives

    我們能用這項技術來支持其他方案

  • that are fighting against systemic racism.

    對抗體制中的種族主義。

  • With AR, we have the power to reimagine a world

    有了擴增實境,我們就能夠 重新呈現出一個世界,

  • that prioritizes justice over oppression.

    把正義放在壓迫之上。

  • Thank you.

    謝謝。

  • (Applause and cheers)

    (掌聲及歡呼)

My name is Glenn,

我是葛倫,

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 TED 實境 哥倫布 紀念碑 雕像 黑人

【TED】Glenn Cantave:增強現實如何改變活動主義(增強現實如何改變活動主義|Glenn Cantave)。 (【TED】Glenn Cantave: How augmented reality is changing activism (How augmented reality is changing activism | Glenn Cantave))

  • 1917 35
    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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