字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Word Origins 18. The word origin today is scalper. Okay. Let's take a look at the meaning of scalper first. A scalper is someone who buys a ticket to an event believed to be very high in demand and short in supply. He will often resell the tickets at excessively higher prices. Yeah. Probably you know, triple , quadruple whatever he paid. That's why sometimes you often hear people saying how they hate them or they dislike them. Even though they still usually able to sell them though. Those people that really want to see it and they weren't able to get a ticket they might show up at the at the place, at the building, at that event and try to rebuy it. Try to buy one they're willing to pay these high prices so scalpers can get them. Of course , this is illegal. You're allowed to resell a ticket for like a cheaper price or the same price. I think it depends on the states. Some states might allow you to sell for slightly more like maybe 10% more, but not these excessively higher prices. So in most places scalping is considered to be illegal. All right. Let's continue. The origin of this term is believed to have originated from someone who resold unused portions of railway tickets. Really I never heard that story before. At one time long distance railway tickets were much cheaper per mile than tickets for short distances. Therefore if someone bought a ticket to California and got off halfway in Chicago for example he could resell the ticket and greatly reduce his cost rather than buying a ticket directly to Chicago. Yeah. You almost get the ticket for free or for much, much less. So this action was considered to be scalping. All right. Let's continue. At that time, in the late 1800s scalp used to have the meaning of a conman or cheat or a cheater. You don't really use it that way today but at that time it did. There's also the connection of cutting off the scalp of a defeated enemy. Yes we see this a lot of cowboy movies. Sometimes Indians did it to whites. Whites they did to Indians. We, we've seen this happen, but I think I think this used to be a tradition in some Native American tribes but also you know unfortunately the Westerners are the the you know the frontiersman they sometimes did this the Indians too. When they didn't want them around a certain area or so. Let's continue. So sometimes in Indian custom. This was also done to some Indians or animals if there was a bounty offered for them. So if they offered some money you know because maybe they were afraid for them to be around this area either animals probably dangerous animals or Indians that they might think more violent rather than you know bringing a whole dead body. Which would smell and everything else just cut off the scalp. The Scalp was proof that you had you know, I guess killed an Indian or the animal. . Here the connection to train tickets was you only have part of something. You only had part of the ticket left, but you could still get paid. So that's where they made the connection. That's why they started calling that scalping, and that's why today we call it you know, the , the action is to scalp. The person who does it is a scalper and you know the action somebody could be scalping. So this is where it came from. This is the origin of it. Anyway, I hope you got it and hope you thought it was interesting. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.