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  • This is C. botulinum.

    這是肉毒桿菌。

  • It's a bacterium that can produce one of the world's

    這種細菌可產生世界上。

  • most lethal substances.

    最致命的物質。

  • It lives in lots of places including soil,

    這種細菌存在許多地方,包括土壤。

  • pollen, dust, and also in honey.

    花粉、灰塵,還有蜂蜜中。

  • So why haven't you died from eating this sweet treat?

    那為什麼你還沒因吃下這些甜食而死呢?

  • Because you're not a baby.

    因為你不是嬰兒。

  • As C. botulinum grows, it produces botulinum toxin.

    肉毒桿菌生長時會產生肉毒桿菌毒素。

  • It's the same stuff used in Botox,

    這毒素和注射用肉毒桿菌裡的一樣。

  • but Botox has an extremely

    但肉毒桿菌針裡的毒素。

  • low dose compared to infected food.

    與受感染的食物相比,劑量相當低。

  • In large amounts,

    若量較大。

  • the toxin would attack your nervous system,

    毒素會攻擊您的神經系統。

  • causing the illness known as botulism,

    造成所謂的肉毒桿菌中毒這種疾病。

  • which can lead to paralysis and even death.

    可能導致癱瘓,甚至死亡。

  • And since C. botulinum is so common in our environment,

    肉毒桿菌普遍存在於我們的環境中。

  • researchers believe that bees pick it up on their way

    研究人員認為,蜜蜂在飛往

  • to the hive where they produce honey.

    蜂巢生產蜂蜜的途中,攜帶了這種菌。

  • One study found C. botulinum bacteria

    一項研究發現,肉毒桿菌。

  • in about 8% of honey samples.

    存在於約 8% 的蜂蜜樣本中。

  • But before you purge your pantry, consider this.

    但是,在你開始整理食物儲藏間前,請三思。

  • Normally when we encounter C. Botulinum, like in honey,

    一般我們接觸肉毒桿菌時,就像接觸蜂蜜一樣。

  • it's dormant.

    它是處於休眠狀態。

  • In this sleepy state, it can't produce the toxin.

    在這種休眠狀態下,它無法產生毒素。

  • Even if you ate it.

    即便你吃下它也沒有毒。

  • Unless, of course, you're less than 1 year old.

    除非,你未滿 1 歲。

  • When C. botulinum enters a baby's large intestine,

    當肉毒桿菌進入嬰兒大腸時。

  • it comes alive because unlike children and adults,

    肉毒桿菌就會甦醒,不像兒童或成人。

  • babies less than 1 year old haven't been eating

    不到一歲的寶寶還沒吃過。

  • real solid foods.

    真正的固體食物。

  • They've been drinking milk.

    他們一直在喝奶。

  • But when babies are around 4 to 6 months old,

    但當寶寶長大到大約四至六個月時。

  • they stop drinking human milk, and they start eating

    他們停止喝母乳,開始吃。

  • other foods that they've never had before.

    其他先前沒吃過的食物。

  • As a result, their gut microbes change very abruptly,

    結果導致他們腸道裡的微生物產生急遽變化

  • and it's during this transition period in the baby's gut

    在這嬰兒腸道微生物變化的過渡期間。

  • that the lethal C. botulinum bacteria are free to grow

    致命的肉毒桿菌細菌便會自由生長。

  • and produce the toxin.

    並產生毒素。

  • As the toxin enters the baby's bloodstream,

    當毒素進入嬰兒血液。

  • it blocks the ability of motor nerves to release

    毒素會阻止運動神經釋放。

  • acetylcholine, a chemical messenger

    乙酰膽鹼,乙酰膽鹼是一種化學信使。

  • that sends nerve signals to muscles.

    功能是向肌肉發送神經信號。

  • As a result, the baby starts to lose control of muscles

    最後,嬰兒會開始失去控制肌肉的能力。

  • and appears tired and floppy.

    顯得疲倦又鬆軟。

  • And as more toxin enters the bloodstream, the muscles

    隨著更多的毒素進入血液。

  • that control swallowing and breathing stop working.

    控制吞嚥和呼吸的肌肉會停止工作。

  • Fortunately, infant botulism is not very common,

    幸運的是,嬰兒肉毒桿菌中毒並不常見。

  • and infant botulism due to honey is even rarer.

    蜂蜜引起的嬰兒肉毒桿菌中毒甚至可說是罕見。

  • Fewer than 100 cases occur in the US each year,

    每年在美國發生的病例不到100件。

  • and while it's difficult to pinpoint the source

    雖然很多情況下難以確定。

  • of the bacterium in many cases,

    細菌來源。

  • experts think that honey accounts for 15%.

    但專家認為蜂蜜佔了 15%。

  • So it's important that if your infant shows signs

    因此,重要的是,如果您的嬰兒出現。

  • of weakness, you take them to be evaluated

    虛弱跡象,請帶他們進行醫療評估。

  • by medical professionals immediately.

    讓醫療專業人員對其立即診斷。

  • In some cases, doctors can administer

    某些情況下,醫生能給予。

  • an effective antitoxin,

    有效的抗毒素。

  • but it can take babies weeks or a month to recover.

    但嬰兒可能需要數週或一個月後才能恢復。

  • The FDA recommends waiting until your baby's first birthday

    美國食品和藥物管理局建議等到寶寶一歲生日時。

  • to feed them honey or any products

    再餵他們吃蜂蜜或是。

  • that are filled with or dipped in honey.

    任何充滿或摻雜蜂蜜的食品。

This is C. botulinum.

這是肉毒桿菌。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 肉毒桿菌 毒素 蜂蜜 嬰兒 細菌 寶寶

寶寶為什麼不能吃蜂蜜 (Why Babies Can't Eat Honey)

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    April Lu 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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