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  • Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "5 Common New

    哈囉 我是Alex。謝謝你的點閱來到這門課 "五個英文初學者易犯的錯誤"

  • English Learner Mistakes". So in this lesson, I'll be looking at mistakes that I have heard

    這堂課,我會著重於在教學中從

  • in my time as a teacher from students from various parts of the world. So these are mistakes

    來自世界各地的學生那聽到的錯誤。 這些錯誤來自

  • that are made by Spanish speakers, Portuguese speakers, German speakers, Korean speakers,

    西班牙、葡萄牙、德國、韓國的學生

  • and they might apply to you as well. These are mistakes that kind of cross over and that

    這些可能也發生在你身上。這些錯誤很普遍

  • are very common. So let's start with the first one. Let's look at No. 1.

    所以我們開始第一個。第一項

  • Okay, so this is, actually, a double mistake that I commonly hear when you're discussing

    所以這一個我常聽到的雙重錯誤 在你們正在討論

  • a subject and you want someone to give you an opinion on something. So for example, "Do

    一個話題而且你要別人給你意見時。舉例說 "

  • you prefer Coke or Pepsi?" Or "Do you prefer this or that?" And some people will say, "Well,

    你比較喜歡可樂還是百事!?" 或 "你比較喜歡這個還是那個?" 有些人就會說

  • it's depend." Or "Hmm, it depends of (...)" So "It depends of the season." "It depends of

    "嗯...看狀況" 或是 "嗯...要看oo的狀況"。 所以"要看季節";

  • the person." "It depends of the society or the country" or something like this. So what

    "要看是誰", "要看社會或是國家"等諸如此類的。

  • is wrong with this? Well, we don't say, "it's depend". We say "it depends", "it depends".

    所以這樣有錯嗎? 我們不會說"It's depend"。 正確用法是"It depends"。

  • Okay? So we don't say, "it's depend". The correct form is: "it depends". And for this,

    所以我們不會說"depend"。 正確的用法是"it depends"。關於這個

  • this is okay: "it depends", right? The only problem is the preposition that you're using.

    這樣是可以接受的"it depends" 是吧? 唯一的問題是你用的介係詞

  • We don't say "of" in English; we say "it depends on", okay? So "it depends on the person."

    我們不會用"of",我們說"It depends on"。所以 "It depends on 某人"

  • "It depends on the country." "It depends on the time of day." Whatever topic you're discussing.

    "要看國家" "要看時間" 不管你正在討論什麼主題。

  • Okay, guys, let's move on to No. 2. So for the second one, this is, actually,

    好的 讓我們來看第二項。 事實上 第二項

  • a verb choice error, and maybe languages, when you talk about eating, you use the verb

    是動詞的錯誤 或是語言的錯誤。當你說到吃東西 你會用 "take" 這個動詞

  • "take". So you can "take a Coke", or "take your coffee in the morning", or you "take

    所以你可以"take可樂" 或是 "早上take杯咖啡" 或是你

  • breakfast", "take dinner". In English, it's a little different. So here, we have two sentences.

    "吃早餐" "吃晚餐"。 在英文 這是有些差別的。所以我們有兩句英文。

  • The first one says: "I took a coffee this morning." Now, when you look at it, maybe

    第一句是 "我今天早上take咖啡"。 現在來看這一句 或許

  • you went to a coffee shop, and you say, "Yeah, I will take a coffee." Okay. Not too much

    你去咖啡店 然後你說"好的 我要take杯咖啡"。 這句沒什麼錯

  • wrong with that. That's okay. However, when you're talking about the act of drinking the

    然而 當你在說喝咖啡這個動作時

  • coffee, we use the verb "have" in English. Okay? So you didn't "take" a coffee; you say

    英文裡我們使用動詞"have" 好嗎? "我今早喝了一杯咖啡"。所以你不要說"take" 你說

  • "I had" in the past, right? "I had a coffee this morning." Same thing for the second one.

    這"I had" 過去式 好嗎?"我今早喝了一杯咖啡"。第二句也一樣

  • So this one says: "I take dinner around six." Well, in English, we don't really say, "I

    "我大約六點take dinner." 我們說 "I have dinner" 所以當你在說食物的時候 我們不會這麼說

  • take dinner around six." We say, "I have dinner", okay? So when you're talking about food, you

    "我大概六點take晚餐" 我們說 "I have dinner"。 當我們說到食物

  • "have breakfast", "have lunch", "have dinner", "have coffee". You "have pizza". You "have

    我們說 "have 早餐" "have 午餐" "have 晚餐" "have 咖啡"。你 "have 披薩"

  • a sandwich". Anything to do with food, use the verb "have". Now, let's move on to No.3.

    你 "have 三明治" 任何跟食物有關的 用"have"這動詞。 現在我們繼續看第三項

  • Okay, so this one is, actually, a preposition

    這一個是有關介係詞錯誤

  • error, and it's when people use "for" when they mean to use an infinitive. So for example,

    當他們用不定詞 (to V) 時他們用 "for"。 舉例來說

  • "I use it for go to work." Imagine you have a car, and people ask you, "What do you use

    "我用它去上班"。想像你有一台車 有人問你 "你怎麼用你的車?"

  • your car for?" You know, do you drive around a lot, or you say, "No, no. I only use it

    你知道的 你開了一陣子 或是你說"不 我只用它去上班"

  • to go to work", right? So we don't say "for go", we use "to go". Now, why do we do this?

    是吧? 我們不會說 "for go" 我們說 "to go" 我們為什麼這麼用?

  • Well, when you have a verb and you follow that verb with either a pronoun or an object

    當你有一個動詞 跟在後面的不是代名詞就是一些受詞

  • of some kind, the verb afterwards has to be an infinitive, okay? So also, if you look

    這個動詞之後就得用不定詞 好嗎? 一樣的 如果你往下看

  • down here, "I need glasses for read." Well, we know it's "to read". And: "She ran for

    "我需要一副眼鏡for read" 好的 我們知道是 "to read"。 還有"她跑去

  • catch the bus." "She ran to catch the bus." Again, there are some verbs, as you know,

    追公車"。 一樣的 有些動詞 如你所知

  • which are only followed by gerunds, some verbs which are only followed by infinitives. So

    有些動詞後面只加動名詞 一些只能加不定詞

  • here, if you want to have a verb and you want to use another verb, another action after

    所以 如果你用了一個動詞而且你還要再用一個動詞接後面

  • that verb -- so "she ran to catch the bus" -- it has to be a gerund or infinitive. An

    所以 "她去追公車" 這句必須用動名詞或不定詞

  • "infinitive" is "to" plus the base verb, okay? So don't say, "I use it for do", "for do something."

    "不定詞"就是 "to" 加上原型動詞 好嗎? 所以不要說"I use it for do", "for do something"

  • "I use it to do something." "I need glasses to read", not "for read". Okay? So if you

    "我用它 to do something" "我要一副眼鏡to read" 而不是 "for read"

  • ever have, you know, the desire to have a verb plus another action, either use a gerund

    所以當你想要使用一個動詞加上另一個動作 使用動名詞或是

  • or in this case, it's not "for do something", it's "to do" something. All right, guys. Let's

    在這個例子 不用"for做某事" 而是 "to do" 某事。 好了 大伙們 讓我們

  • look at No. 4. So this one is, actually, an adjective choice

    看第四項。 這一個其實是形容詞的選擇錯誤

  • error, and it's the difference between -ing and -ed adjectives. So when you feel something

    而且是-ing和-ed形容詞的不同。所以當你感覺到某些東西

  • internally, inside -- it's a personal feeling -- you should be using an -ed adjective, not

    內在、內心的個人感受- 你應該要用-ed形容詞

  • an -ing adjective. So all three examples on the board here are, actually, incorrect. So

    不是-ing形容詞。 所以白板上三個例子都是錯的。

  • the first one says, "I am exciting about that." So if you have, like, high interest in something

    第一句"我對那個感到exciting(興奮)" 所以如果你感到很有興趣的事物出現

  • that's coming up, like a concert, you are not exciting about it; you are excited,

    就像是演唱會 你不能用exciting而是excited

  • all right? You say, "I am excited." It's an internal feeling, okay? The second one, "He is interesting

    你說 "我感到excited" 這是內心的感受 好嗎? 第二 "他對音樂interesting"

  • in music." You want to say that he has interest in music. So "He is interested"; "he is personally

    你要說的是他對音樂有興趣。所以 "他interested"; "他個人interested";

  • interested"; "he has an internal interest." And finally, "I feel so boring." This means

    "他內心感到有興趣"; 而且最後 "我感到很boring"。意思是

  • that you are a boring person, and other people think you are boring, you are not interesting,

    你是個無趣的人 而且其他人都認為如此 你很無趣

  • which is not a good thing to say about yourself. So you say, "Oh, my goodness, I feel so bored."

    這樣說你自己是不好的 所以你要說 "喔!天啊!我覺得好bored"

  • Okay? "I'm bored." That's it. Okay, guys, so again, if it's internal, it's an -ed adjective.

    好嗎? "我感到bored"; 就這樣。所以再次 如果是內心的感受 我們用-ed形容詞

  • If it's external, it's -ing. So you say, "I am excited because the class is exciting."

    如果是外在的就用-ing。 所以你說 "我很excited 因為課程很exciting"

  • "I am interested because the movie is interesting." So let's move on to the last one, No. 5.

    "我感到interested因為電影interesting"。 讓我們看最後一項

  • This final one is, actually, the difference between "it is" and "is". Now, I know in many

    最後一個是"it is" 和 "is" 的不同。 現在我知道很多

  • languages, you can start a sentence, a statement, with "is". In English, you can start a question

    語言 你可以用"is" 開始一句話、一個陳述。在英文 你可以用"is" 開啟一個問句

  • with "is", a yes/no question, no problem. "Is it cold today?" "Is he here?" "Is it easy?

    一個是/否問句是可以的。 "今天很冷吧?" "他在這裡嗎?" "它很簡單嗎?"

  • Like, is it an easy test?" Okay? However, when you make a statement, you cannot say

    比如說"這是個簡單的測驗吧?" 好嗎? 然而 當你造出一句陳述句 你不能說

  • "is good", "is easy", "is not a problem". You have to say "it is". In English, you need

    "is good" "is easy" "is not a problem (問題)" 你得說 "it is" 在英文 你需要

  • the subject, okay? So for these, we don't say "is good"; we say "It's good!" "It's easy!"

    主詞好嗎? 所以針對這些 我們不說 "is good" 我們說 "It's 棒!" "It's 簡單!"

  • "It's not a problem!" Okay? And all of these mean "it is", "it is", "it is". So not "is

    "It's 不是問題" 這些全部是 "it is"

  • good"; "It's good". Not "is easy"; "It's easy". Not "is not a problem"; "It's not a problem".

    所以不是"is good" 是 "It's good"; 不是"is easy" 是 "It's easy"; 不是"is not a problem"是"It's not a problem"

  • All right, guys, so let's review these five common new English learner mistakes.

    好的 所以讓我們回顧英文初學者容易犯的五個錯誤

  • Okay, so No. 1: We say, "it depends" or "it depends on". We don't say "it's depend" or

    第一: 我們說 "it depends (看狀況)" 或是 "It depends on (看某狀況)" 我們不說

  • "it depends of". No. 2: We say, "I'm having sushi for dinner"; not "I'm taking sushi",

    "it depends of"。第二: 我們說 " I'm having 壽司當晚餐" 不是 "I'm taking..."

  • okay? So anything with food, use the verb "have". No. 3: "I visit EngVid to improve

    所以跟食物有關的動詞我們用 "have"。 第三: "我拜訪EngVid to 改善我英文"

  • my English". Not "for improve", but "to improve". And No. 4: "I am excited about that"; not

    不說 "for 改善"而是說 "to 改善"。 第四: "我對那個感到excited" 而不是

  • "I am exciting for that." If it's internal, you are "excited"; you are "interested"; you

    "exciting"; 如果是內心感受 你會 "excited"; 你會感到 "interested"

  • are "bored"; you are "horrified". Okay? And finally: "It's fantastic", not "is fantastic".

    你感到 "bored"; 你感到 "horrified (害怕)"。 最後 "it's 很棒" 而不是 "is 很棒"

  • If you'd like to test your understanding of these five very common new English learner

    如果你想測試你對這些錯誤的理解度

  • mistakes, as always, you can check out the quiz on www.engvid.com. And don't forget to

    你可以做www.engvid.com的測驗 並且不要忘了

  • subscribe to my YouTube channel. Thanks, guys.

    訂閱我的Youtube頻道! 謝謝!

Hey, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "5 Common New

哈囉 我是Alex。謝謝你的點閱來到這門課 "五個英文初學者易犯的錯誤"

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初學英文常犯的五大錯誤 (5 Common English Learner Mistakes)

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