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  • [Intro music]

    [介紹音樂]

  • One of the major issues that I have with the majority of TOEIC materials on the market

    我對市面上大多數TOEIC教材的一個主要問題是

  • is that theyre based upon the idea that you learn to do something by doing it.

    是他們基於這樣一個理念,即你通過做某事來學習做某事。

  • For example, if you want to learn to play tennis, the idea is that you get out on the tennis court

    例如,如果你想學習打網球,你的想法是在網球場上得到

  • and you hit ball after ball after ball and eventually you do it.

    你打了一個又一個球,最終你做到了。

  • The idea by extension with the TOEIC is that most textbooks seem to have the idea that

    延伸到TOEIC的想法是,大多數教科書似乎都有這樣的想法。

  • if you want to learn to do the TOEIC you just do hundreds and hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of questions.

    如果你想學做託業,你只要做幾百幾千道題就可以了。

  • And basically how this translates into the classroom, is that they do 30 or 40 questions

    而這個基本上是如何轉化到課堂上的,就是他們做30或40道題

  • and then the teacher goes through and analyzes their mistakesspecifically mainly in most cases they are grammar mistakes.

    然後老師再去分析他們的錯誤--具體來說主要是在大多數情況下都是語法錯誤。

  • Now the problem with this is that it misses out on a huge part of what I think is being tested on the TOEIC.

    現在的問題是,它忽略了我認為託業考試中的很大一部分內容。

  • It doesn’t focus on things like the listening and reading skills that are essential.

    它並不注重像聽力和閱讀能力這樣的東西,這是必不可少的。

  • Basically it’s a listening and reading test, so you need to work on these skills.

    基本上是考聽力和閱讀,所以你需要鍛鍊這些技能。

  • You need to work on things like skimming and scanning so they can read through the passages quickly.

    你需要在略讀和掃描等方面下功夫,讓他們能快速讀完段落。

  • You need to work on underlying listening skills like prediction and basically being able to understand

    你需要鍛鍊潛在的聽力能力,比如預測,基本能聽懂。

  • paraphrasing and things like that.

    釋義之類的東西。

  • Just doing lots and lots of practice, you may be able to pick out some of these things somehow by osmosis,

    只要做大量大量的練習,你也許就能在潛移默化中挑出其中的一些東西。

  • but without these key elements of the listening skills and the reading skills and especially test taking strategies

    但如果沒有這些關鍵的聽力技巧和閱讀技巧,特別是應試策略的要素。

  • which are dealt with in most materials on the market but in a fairly perfunctory way.

    市場上大多數材料都有涉及,但都是敷衍了事。

  • I think there’s a lot of underlying stuff that needs to be addressed that most current course books don’t address

    我覺得有很多基礎性的東西需要解決,而目前大多數課程書都沒有涉及到...

  • [Background music]

    [背景音樂]

  • Basically for low level students, it would seem to almost be a no brainer that those would be an obvious choice.

    基本上對於低水平的學生來說,這些幾乎是不需要考慮的,會是一個很明顯的選擇。

  • The main reason being is that the TOEIC, even though its aimed to be accessible from very low level ability to very high,

    主要原因是,託業考試,儘管它的目的是為了從很低的能力到很高的能力。

  • unless you are about a good pre-intermediate, the majority of the test is going to be very, very difficult.

    除非你是約好的中級前輩,否則大部分的考試都會非常非常難。

  • So for low level students, ideally we’d like to use practice materials that are at the level of the test.

    所以對於低水平的學生來說,理想的情況下,我們希望使用符合考試水準的練習材料。

  • But for lower level students they just find it too difficult, especially if youre doing nothing but practice activities.

    但是對於低年級的學生來說,他們就是覺得太難了,尤其是當你什麼都不做,只做練習活動的時候。

  • Because what you find is that you do thirty questions and the students can’t understand more than half of them.

    因為你發現的是,你做三十道題,學生聽不懂一半以上。

  • It’s very demotivating, very frustrating, and basically doesn’t get very good results either.

    很喪氣,很沮喪,基本上也得不到很好的結果。

  • So basically all those, ‘Target 550’, ‘450 for the TOEIC’, what those materials do is

    所以基本上所有這些,"目標550","託業450",這些材料的作用就是

  • they simplify the actual materials they present the students with.

    他們簡化了向學生展示的實際材料。

  • They use simplified vocabulary. They use shorter reading and listening passages.

    他們使用簡化詞彙。他們使用較短的閱讀和聽力段落。

  • They limit the amount of grammatical structures the students see.

    他們限制了學生看到的語法結構的數量。

  • And this makes it much easier for the students to actually approach these kinds of tests.

    而這樣一來,學生真正接觸這類考試就容易多了。

  • And so basically for many years, I used these types of materials and in fact, the students have a much easier time going with it.

    所以基本上很多年來,我都是用這類教材,其實學生用起來更輕鬆。

  • For teachers of course, it’s much, much easier to run these kinds of classes.

    當然,對於老師來說,開這種課要輕鬆很多很多。

  • Students don’t struggle.

    學生不掙扎。

  • Basically it seems to make this kind of intuitive sense for teachers that you try to choose

    基本上對於老師來說,似乎有這樣的直觀意義,你儘量選擇

  • the materials youre using in the class to match the level of your students.

    你在課堂上使用的材料,以配合學生的水準。

  • All in all, it would seem a win-win basis, except for one thing.

    總而言之,這似乎是一個雙贏的基礎,除了一件事。

  • And that’s when the students go to take the real test, they find that the real test,

    而當學生去參加真正的考試時,就會發現,真正的考試。

  • in no way resembles what theyve been practicing with for the last few months.

    絕不像他們過去幾個月一直在練習的東西。

  • And what I’ve actually come to believe is that these simplified materials do more harm than good for these students.

    而我其實已經開始相信,這些簡化的教材對這些學生來說,弊大於利。

  • Not only do students not make any significant gains, but in terms of the frustration factor, it becomes almost a shock.

    學生不僅沒有明顯的收穫,在挫折因素方面,幾乎成了一種衝擊。

  • I’ve had students come back to me and say

    我有學生回來對我說

  • "Teacher I studied for three months in your course but my score went down by 15 points. Youre a bad teacher."

    "老師我在你的課程中學習了三個月,但我的分數卻下降了15分。你是個壞老師."

  • I can understand totally. What am I supposed to say in a situation like that? It’s frustrating for them.

    我完全可以理解。在這種情況下,我應該說什麼呢?這讓他們很沮喪。

  • It’s shocking for the teacher when you know theyve actually learned a lot but in terms of actually preparing them

    當你知道他們其實已經學到了很多東西,但從實際準備的角度來說,這對老師來說是很震撼的。

  • for the nature of the challenge theyre going to face, youve actually failed them.

    對於他們將要面對的挑戰的性質,你其實已經讓他們失望了。

  • So I can’t do it anymore.

    所以我不能再做了。

  • Basically what it came down to, for many years I was asked to write materials of that nature for low level students.

    基本上歸結為,多年來,我被要求為低年級學生寫這種性質的材料。

  • And I constantly said "No I’m not doing it". Basically by using these materials youre shooting your students in the foot.

    而我不斷地說"不,我不做"。基本上,通過使用這些材料,你正在拍攝你的學生的腳。

  • Youre giving them this placebo effect but in fact youre not helping them at all.

    你給了他們這種安慰劑的效果,但實際上你對他們一點幫助都沒有。

  • All youre doing is taking their money, wasting their time, and basically not giving them good value in return.

    你所做的就是拿他們的錢,浪費他們的時間,基本沒有給他們好的價值回報。

  • The thing that changed my mind is that finally it came to my attention that the TOEIC

    改變我的想法的是,最後我才發現,TOEIC

  • is broken down into roughly about three equal parts in terms of difficulty.

    從難度上來說,大致可分為三等份。

  • One third of the test items are aimed at lower level students,

    三分之一的測試項目是針對低年級學生的。

  • one third are aimed at the intermediate range,

    三分之一是針對中等範圍的。

  • one third are aimed at the higher level range.

    三分之一是針對較高層次的範圍。

  • So it occurred to me that in class rather than simplifying the materials unnaturally,

    於是我想到,在課堂上與其把教材不自然地簡化。

  • what we could do is we could basically,

    我們可以做的是我們可以基本上,

  • in each unit we could start off and present them with materials that could actually appear on a real TOEIC test

    在每個單元中,我們可以先向他們展示可能出現在真正的TOEIC考試中的材料。

  • but would be on the easier end of the range in the early parts of the unit.

    但在組織、部門初期會比較容易。

  • You have to expose them to material that’s on the actual test or else when they face it on test day theyre going to shut down.

    你必須讓他們接觸到實際考試中的材料,否則當他們在考試當天面對它時,他們就會關閉。

  • But in order to do this, you have to take a systematic build up approach

    但要做到這一點,你必須採取系統化的建立方法。

  • and work on those underlying skills of vocabulary, any sort of grammatical features,

    並鍛鍊那些詞彙的基本功,任何一種文法特點。

  • test taking strategies, the listening and reading skills necessary to approach that.

    應試策略、聽力和閱讀能力的必要方法。

  • If you build up that sound basis, then you can expose them to the level

    如果你建立了這個良好的基礎,那麼你就可以讓他們接觸到的水準

  • they're going to face on the test and they have a decent chance of doing it.

    他們'要在測試上面對,他們有相當大的機會做到這一點。

  • Otherwise it’s going to be meltdown on test day.

    否則在測試當天就要崩潰了。

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[介紹音樂]

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A2 初級 中文 多益 學生 考試 材料 聽力 簡化

多益Grant Trew on TOEIC® (Part 2)

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    羅媛蓉 發佈於 2013 年 10 月 05 日
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