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  • The first 500 people to click the link in the description are going to get a free two-month trial to Skillshare where you can easily

    前 500 位點擊下方資訊欄連結的觀眾將獲得 Skillshare 前 2 個月免費試用的優惠

  • Learn to start your own YouTube channel or business. The major advantage that humans have over every other species is our ability to think rationally.

    Skillshare 可以讓你輕鬆學習架設 YouTube 頻道或學習商業知識。人類與其他物種相比的主要優勢在於理性思考

  • It's allowed us to build cities, cars, computers and essentially bend nature to our will, the quality with which we think

    理性思考讓人類得以建造城市、汽車、電腦以及必要地將大自然照著人類的想法去改變

  • determines the quality of our future. It's undeniable quality thinkers are critical thinkers.

    我們的思想影響著未來的生活品質。思想者為批判性思考者是不可否認的

  • In my last essay you may have seen that after the first two years of college,

    上篇文章你可能看過,大學就讀兩年後

  • 45% of students showed no gains in critical thinking,

    45% 的學生沒有批判性思考的能力

  • 45% that's almost half, it's frightening because the same system that made our cities

    45% 將近一半,這是個可怕的數字,因為學校這個讓我們的城市

  • so powerful, school, is now becoming a system of

    如此強大的系統已逐漸演變成

  • indoctrination for our young. The quality of our future is defined by the quality of our thinkers.

    灌輸年輕學子的系統。我們的未來生活品質由思想者的思考質量所定義

  • The quality of our thinkers is determined by their abilities to think critically.

    思想者的思考質量則取決於他們的批判性思考能力

  • Before we can dive deeper into critical thinking, we need to discuss rational thinking, so let's define rational thinking,

    在我們針對批判性思考做深入研究之前,我們必須先討論理性思考。所以讓我們來定義理性思考

  • a perfectly rational being which doesn't exist makes decisions purely based on Logic data and empirical evidence.

    一個理性思考者不會完全依照邏輯資料及經驗性證據下決定

  • Let's assume that it's the highest form of conscious thought,

    假設理性思考是意識思維的最高形式

  • critical thinking can be seen as a necessary step towards perfectly rational thinking,

    批判性思考可以被視為通往完美地理性思考的必要步驟

  • a critical thinker thinks offensively, they take active ownership of their learning and understanding,

    批判性思考者以攻擊方式思考,他們採取主動的方式學習以及了解事物

  • just as a bodybuilder finds a natural habitat in the gym, the critical thinker finds enjoyment in mental strain

    就像健美運動員在健身房找到健身天地,批判性思考者能在精神緊繃的狀態下找尋樂趣

  • They know a tough mental workout will strengthen their ability to think rationally.

    他們知道艱難的心理訓練能加強理性思考的能力

  • A passive thinker thinks defensively how can I fit in? what will make people accept me?

    被動思考者則以防禦方式思考如何融入人群?怎樣才能讓人們接受我?

  • what will help me pass this test? They avoid mental strain and outsource the difficult thinking to others. They default on the opinion of experts

    怎樣才能讓我通過考試?他們會避免精神壓力,且遇到困難的思考選擇向外求助。他們默認專家的意見

  • Instead of forming their own. A critical thinker thinks in terms of systems,

    而不是建立自己的想法。批判性思考者就系統方面思考

  • but a passive thinker thinks in terms of goals; The passive thinker asks

    而被動思考者就目標方面來思考;被動思考者問的是

  • what will get me an A on this essay? The critical thinker asks

    這篇文章怎樣獲得 A ?批判性思考者問的是

  • what are the traits of an excellent essay? The end result for both is the same:

    一份優秀的文章擁有的特徵有哪些?

  • a perfect grade. On the surface, the two paths may seem the same,

    兩個問題的結果都是相同的:一個完美的成績。表面上這兩個思考途徑相同,

  • but they're not. The critical thinker formed a system that can reproduce the same result in multiple situations for various people

    其實並不相同。批判性思考者建立的系統可以針對不同人、不同情況產生相同的結果

  • but the passive thinker achieves the result in a specific scenario.

    但被動思考者只在特定的強況下達成此結果

  • The passive thinker is focused on outputs while the critical thinker is focused on inputs.

    被動思考者著重在產出,批判性思考者著重在輸入

  • This is a very subtle, but important difference in character

    這是在字面上非常微小卻又重要的差異

  • So what benefits do habitually critical thinkers obtain over others?

    所以慣性批判性思考者握有那些優於他人的好處?

  • Firstly, they're better at decision making. Critical thinkers are less likely to make sudden judgments without a clear understanding of the information at hand.

    首先,他們擅長於做決策、較不會在沒有全盤掌握資訊之前輕易做評論

  • As a Result, they're less likely to make irrational and emotional decisions or be manipulated by others.

    因此,他們較不可能做出不理性以及情緒化的決策,或是被他人掌控

  • Secondly, they're more empathetic.

    第二,他們較有同情心

  • Critical thinkers understand that we all have our own unique view of the world.

    批判性思考者了解我們都有對世界的獨到見解

  • They avoid judging others until they have attempted to step into their shoes and try to understand how they see the world

    他們會避免評斷他人,直到他們站在別人立場思考並且試著了解他人如何看待這個世界

  • This ability helps them diffuse tense situation and aids in persuasion.

    這個能力能使他們緩解緊張局勢並且有助於說服他人

  • It's an essential skill for any great leader or teammate.

    對於任何的領導者及組員來說是個必要能力

  • Critical thinkers are deeper learners. When they don't know something, critical thinkers admit that they don't know.

    批判性思考者為深度學習者。當他們不了解某些事物,批判性思考者會承認他們不知道

  • They only speak on topics that they have actively studied for themselves, and lastly, critical thinkers are more creative

    他們只根據自己學習的主題發表看法。最後,批判性思考者較有創意

  • without critical thinking, creativity would not exist.

    如果沒有批判性思考,創意便無法存在

  • If creativity is the creation of something original, then critical thinking is a crucial part of the recipe.

    如果創意是創造某些原創的產物,那麼批判性思考就是處方的重要部分

  • Critical thinkers refuse to blindly accept the ideas and values of others, which results in the generation of new ideas.

    批判性思考者拒絕盲目地接受他人想法及價值觀,這將導致新點子的產生

  • So critical thinking is important and beneficial, but how does one become a critical thinker? That's what we'll discuss in the next video

    因此批判性思考很重要也是有幫助的,但要如何成為一位批判性思考者呢?我們在下一集影片將會討論

  • Thanks to Skillshare, the first 500 people to click the link in the description are going to get a head start and making their

    感謝 Skillshare ,前 500 位點擊下方資訊欄連結的觀眾將領先一步

  • passion a full-time job.

    並將自己熱愛做的事情轉換成全職工作

  • Whether that's potentially creating your own successful YouTube channel,

    不管是可能成功架設自己的 YouTube 頻道、

  • business or even becoming an expert under the topics of photography, writing or videography, Skillshare has got you covered.

    商業知識,甚至成為攝影、寫作、錄像項目下的專家, Skillshare 都有包括

  • One of the most common questions

    我最常被問的問題是

  • I'm asked is how I make these videos? and the answer is I use a software called Adobe Illustrator to create my assets and then

    如何製作這些影片?而答案是我會用一個稱為 Adobe Illustrator 的軟體去創造有用的東西並且

  • I use a software called After Effects to animate it all together.

    使用一個稱為 After Effects 的軟體將所有的東西結合成動畫

  • These are immensely powerful tools that can make even the most ambitious projects a reality.

    這兩個軟體是強大的工具,甚至可以看起來使最費力的專案成真

  • But they come with a pretty steep learning curve, Skillshare has thousands of courses designed to help you learn a new skill.

    但這需經過相當險峻的學習曲線, Skillshare 有著上千個學習新技能的課程

  • Learn to start your own YouTube channel with an easy-to-follow course like After Effects for beginners or illustrator for beginners.

    透過易於遵循的課程,像是初學者的 After Effects 課程或是初學者的 Adobe Illustrator 來架設個人 YouTube頻道

  • Whether it's a school project, a business venture or even starting your own YouTube channel these great tutorials will give you the perfect head start.

    不管是一個學校專案、一個創業計劃甚至是架設個人 YouTube 頻道,這些超棒的工具將讓你獲得領先優勢

  • Again, the first 500 to sign up with the link below

    再次強調,前 500 位位點擊下方資訊欄連結的觀眾

  • will get two months of learning for free, after that, it's just $10 per month.

    將獲得 2 個月免費學習,之後每月酌收 $10 的優惠

  • Thanks to Skillshare further support and to all those helping the channel.

    感謝 Skillshare 的進一步支持以及所有幫助此頻道的人

The first 500 people to click the link in the description are going to get a free two-month trial to Skillshare where you can easily

前 500 位點擊下方資訊欄連結的觀眾將獲得 Skillshare 前 2 個月免費試用的優惠

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 思考 批判性 理性 被動 架設 學習

學校沒教你的最重要的事 (The Most Important Thing School Never Taught You)

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    Emily 發佈於 2018 年 08 月 15 日
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