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  • Hey there, welcome to Life Noggin !

    你好歡迎收看 Life Noggin !

  • You likely consider your body your property, right?

    你可能會認為你的身體就是屬於你自己的,對吧 ?

  • Well, you might be surprised to learn that the law isn't entirely clear whether you do own your body.

    然而,你可能會驚訝地發現,法律上還無法明確說明你是否擁有自己的身體

  • Apparently, you can't be you and own you at the same time, which is really quite confusing.

    顯然,你是你自己卻不能擁有自己,這實在令人困惑

  • Things get a lot more intricate when we look at your genetic makeup, your DNA.

    當從基因組成 ─ DNA 的角度看起,事情將會變得容易理解一點

  • DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic information that dictates how our bodies grow, function, and reproduce.

    DNA,又叫「去氧核醣核酸」,為基因資訊決定我們身體的如生長、功能及繁殖

  • Humans share 99.9% of the same DNA but a peek at your specific sequences can reveal information

    人類有 99.9% 相同的 DNA 排序,但從你個人獨特的 DNA 排列組合可以透漏一些資訊

  • about your health, personality, family history, and even your relationships.

    像是你的健康狀態、性格、家族史,甚至你的感情關係

  • Each human's complete DNA sequence is different than anyone else's.

    每個人的 DNA 排序都是獨一無二的

  • It's incredibly personal and experts have said that your genetic information is the most valuable thing that you have.

    它是非常私人的,而且你的基因資訊是你最有價值的東西

  • Just like you may have a social security number, home address, and credit card info,

    就像是你的保全密碼、地址或信用卡資訊,

  • this information should be guarded carefully.

    而這些資訊需要被小心保護

  • But, some of you humans are totally fine giving your genetic information away to corporations,

    然而,有些人卻不介意將自己的基因資訊提供給某些公司

  • research groups, and other third party organizations.

    研究團體以及其他組織

  • So far, 12 million of you have sent away samples of your DNA to consumer genetic testing companies

    到目前為止,約有 1200 萬的人將自己DNA的樣本提供給基因檢測公司

  • to find out information about your own genetic makeup.

    試圖了解自己的基因資訊

  • By agreeing to the terms and conditions and sending off a vial of your saliva,

    當你同意合約上的內容,提供了你的唾液樣本,

  • you're giving these groups the right to your DNA.

    你讓那些團體擁有你的 DNA 資訊的權利

  • You're allowing them to sell this information, send it to research groups,

    你將允許他們可以販賣這些資訊,提供給一些研究團體

  • and do any number of things thanks to some incredibly broad wording of their fine-print.

    以及做很多其他事情,這一切歸咎於合約上那些難懂的超小字體

  • And if your genetic info leads to some wild, medical breakthrough, you'll get nothing.

    而且如果你的基因資訊提供了一些非凡的、醫療上的突破資訊,你將無所獲得

  • Which is pretty rude if you ask me.

    這對我來說很無禮

  • So does this mean they own your DNA?

    所以這就代表他們擁有你的 DNA 了嗎?

  • Do you own it?

    你的 DNA 是你的嗎?

  • People, organizations, and judges have been debating who owns DNA for years.

    一般民眾、組織及法官多年來一直爭論著誰擁有 DNA 的議題

  • But after a court ruling in 2013, it was decided that DNA cannot be patented under US law,

    但在 2013 年的一個法院審判決議,在美國的法律下自身的 DNA 不能申請專利

  • which means no one can own someone else's DNA.

    代表著誰也不能擁有誰的 DNA

  • And it's not even clear if you own your DNA, which also contains your family's DNA.

    而這也不能說明你是否擁有你的 DNA,其中包含你的家族DNA資訊

  • Legally speaking, natural phenomenons and laws of nature cannot be trademarked or solely claimed.

    法律上的說法,自然現象及自然定律不能被商標化或被誰獨立擁有

  • This is the same reason why someone can't patent the element gold

    這也說明了為什麼金元素是無法申請個人專利,

  • and then claim that all the gold on Earth is theirs.

    然後宣稱全世界的黃金都是他們的

  • So while these companies can't own your DNA, they can own the sample that you gave

    雖然這些公司不能擁有你的 DNA,但他們可以擁有你提供的 DNA 樣本

  • and the information they derive from it.

    以及從裏頭獲取資訊

  • And I bet there are lots of hands you wouldn't want your genetic makeup to fall into.

    而我敢打賭會你的基因訊息會落在很多你非自願的手裡

  • For example, while it's technically illegal for employers and health insurers to discriminate based on genetics,

    舉列來說,用個人的基因訊息來雇用員工或決定醫療保險的投保人是不合法的

  • it would be difficult to prove that's why they fired you or didn't take you on as a customer.

    但很難去證明公司開除你的原因或知道保險公司不讓你投保的原因

  • And unfortunately, the legal future of your right to genetic privacy is unclear.

    然而不幸地,對於未來合法化基因資訊的隱私還不明確

  • So while no one may own your DNA right now, who knows if that'll still be the case ten, twenty years from now.

    雖然現在沒有人能擁有你的 DNA 資訊,但沒人能保證過了 10 年、20 年後還是一樣

  • So have you ever done a DNA test?

    你曾做過基因檢測嗎 ?

  • What did you find out?

    你找到了什麼資訊?

  • Let us know in the comment section below.

    請在下面留言讓我們知道

  • Or tell us what should we talk about next.

    或讓我們知道我們下一集該聊什麼

Hey there, welcome to Life Noggin !

你好歡迎收看 Life Noggin !

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 基因 資訊 訊息 樣本 合約 身體

誰擁有您的DNA? (Who Owns Your DNA? (YOU DON’T))

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2021 年 03 月 27 日
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