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  • - Five, four, three, two, rehearsal.

    - 五、四、三、二、排練。

  • - Business Insider.

    - 商業內幕。

  • Oh, this sounds exciting.

    哦,這聽起來很刺激。

  • - In 1969 our founders, Joan Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett

    - 1969年,我們的創始人瓊-庫尼和勞埃德-莫里塞特。

  • had the revolutionary idea of asking,

    有著革命性的想法,問。

  • what if kids can learn from TV?

    如果孩子們能從電視中學習到什麼?

  • They had noticed that kids could repeat beer jingles.

    他們注意到,孩子們可以重複啤酒的叮噹聲。

  • Where there's life there's Bud

    凡是有生命的地方就有巴德

  • - What'll you have?

    - 你會有什麼?

  • Pabst Blue Ribbon

    # Pabst Blue Ribbon #

  • - So they posed themselves that question

    - 所以他們向自己提出了這個問題

  • and basically created Sesame Street

    並基本上創造了芝麻街

  • which is a show that's now been on the air almost 50 years.

    這是一個現在已經播出了近50年的節目。

  • We film at Kaufman Astoria Studios

    我們在考夫曼-阿斯托利亞工作室拍攝

  • which is in Astoria, Queens

    這是在阿斯托利亞,皇后區

  • and is a very old studio

    並且是一個非常古老的工作室

  • that was built in the '20s

    二十年代建的

  • by what was United Artists at the time

    由當時的聯合藝術家

  • and has gone through many iterations over the years.

    並在多年來經歷了多次迭代。

  • On a regular production day, like today,

    在正常的生產日,比如今天。

  • when you're visiting,

    當你來訪時。

  • there's about 60 people involved

    六十多人

  • when you count the production staff

    當你算上生產人員

  • that's downstairs in the office

    那是樓下的辦公室

  • as well as all of the technical and stage crew

    以及所有的技術和舞臺人員。

  • and camera people and costume designers, et cetera.

    攝像師和服裝設計師,等等。

  • It really does take a village to bring this show together.

    它真的需要一個村子才能把這個節目聚集起來。

  • Every year when we start a new season

    每年當我們開始一個新的季節

  • what we do is our curriculum team

    我們做的是我們的課程團隊

  • convenes an all-day seminar.

    召開全天研討會。

  • And they basically consult with experts

    而且他們基本上都是向專家諮詢

  • in child development, child psychology, preschool teachers.

    在兒童發展、兒童心理學、學前教師方面。

  • As the writers work the curriculum team

    隨著編寫人員的工作,課程組

  • works in tandem with the production team

    與生產團隊合作

  • and they review all the scripts and give feedback

    他們審查所有的腳本,並給予反饋。

  • from the educational standpoint.

    從教育的角度來看。

  • We also do a lot of research.

    我們也做了很多研究。

  • So we'll take some of the scripts into schools,

    所以我們會把一些劇本帶進學校。

  • we'll read them to the kids

    我們會讀給孩子們聽

  • and solicit feedback from them.

    並徵求他們的反饋意見。

  • Our production cycle is essentially a 12-month cycle.

    我們的生產週期基本上是12個月的週期。

  • You know, from the moment of that curriculum seminar,

    你知道,從那次課程研討會的那一刻起。

  • which I described,

    我描述過的。

  • to the moment we deliver shows to HBO.

    到我們向HBO交付節目的那一刻。

  • Jim Henson, you know, obviously his impact

    吉姆-亨森,你知道,很明顯他的影響,

  • on Sesame Street is massive

    芝麻街》是大規模的

  • and he was the one who brought The Muppets to Sesame Street.

    他是一個誰帶來了布偶的芝麻街。

  • And so his legacy, I mean, is very solid

    所以他的遺產,我的意思是,是非常堅實的。

  • and lives on on the show

    並在節目中生活

  • because all of our puppeteers are trained, basically,

    因為我們所有的木偶人都是經過訓練的,基本上。

  • in a methodology that he invented.

    在他發明的方法論中。

  • I mean, he took the puppet theater

    我的意思是,他把木偶戲。

  • and decided, I'm gonna get rid of that

    並決定,我要去擺脫的,

  • and just use the TV frame as my puppet theater

    就把電視框當做我的木偶戲了

  • while looking at a monitor

    邊看顯示器邊

  • so that I can position my puppet

    好讓我的木偶定位

  • and see exactly what I need to see.

    並準確地看到我需要看到的東西。

  • And so, basically he invented, you know,

    所以,基本上他發明了,你知道的。

  • puppetry for television.

    電視木偶戲;

  • And our puppeteers are trained in those methods

    而我們的木偶師都是經過這些方法的訓練的

  • that he came up with.

    他想出來的。

  • It truly is, like, kind of a magic act.

    這真的是,就像,一種魔術表演。

  • So we have a core group of puppeteers

    所以我們有一群核心的木偶師

  • that is 14 people, 14 performers.

    那就是14個人,14個表演者。

  • We have a mentee program that we run

    我們有一個導師計劃,我們運行

  • to identify new puppeteers.

    以確定新的木偶人;

  • And so there's a few of those

    所以有一些這樣的

  • and we'll bring them in a day here, a day there.

    我們會把他們帶到這裡一天,那裡一天。

  • There's essentially three categories of puppets.

    基本上有三類傀儡。

  • There's the walk around puppet.

    有走動的木偶。

  • So that's Big Bird or Snuffy, for example,

    所以就是大鳥或者斯納菲,比如說。

  • where the person is inside the puppet

    人在其中

  • and they're operating it from inside.

    而且他們在內部操作。

  • It's a full suit.

    這是一套完整的衣服。

  • - You and me together, ol' pal.

    - 你和我在一起,老夥計。

  • - Then there's what we call a bag puppet.

    - 還有就是我們所說的布袋木偶。

  • So that's, like, Cookie Monster or The Count.

    所以這就是,像,餅乾怪獸或伯爵。

  • - Om, nom, nom, nom, nom, nom, nom.

    - 唵,名,名,名,名,名。

  • - One, two, three, four.

    - 一、二、三、四

  • - And so there the puppet covers the puppeteer.

    - 於是就有了木偶掩護木偶師。

  • The puppeteer's operating the mouth with one hand

    木偶師用一隻手操作嘴巴

  • and is operating one of the hands with another

    並正在用另一隻手操作其中一隻手

  • and then there's a second puppeteer,

    然後還有第二個木偶師。

  • which we usually call the assistant puppeteer,

    也就是我們通常所說的木偶師助理。

  • and that person comes behind and operates the other hand

    而那個人在後面操作另一隻手。

  • and helps hand props from below frame.

    並從畫面下方幫助手道具。

  • Then third kind of puppet is what we call a rod puppet.

    那麼第三種傀儡就是我們所說的棒子傀儡。

  • So that's like an Elmo or an Abby.

    所以,這就像一個埃爾莫或艾比。

  • And so they have,

    他們也是如此。

  • those are typically operated by a single puppeteer.

    這些通常由一個木偶人操作。

  • They hold two rods which operate the hands

    他們拿著兩根杆子,操作手

  • and then they're operating the mouth this way.

    然後他們這樣操作口。

  • The primary puppeteer is always the person

    主要的木偶師總是人

  • that does the voice.

    那做聲音。

  • - Oh, Cookie Monster,

    - 哦,餅乾怪獸。

  • how could you mistake the mushroom for cookies?

    你怎麼能把蘑菇當成餅乾呢?

  • - So, the most recent and probably most talked about

    - 那麼,最近,也可能是最受關注的是

  • for the US is Julia,

    為美國是茱莉亞。

  • who's a young girl who's on the Autism spectrum.

    誰是一個年輕的女孩 誰是在自閉症譜系。

  • - Can Big Bird see your painting?

    - 大鳥能看到你的畫嗎?

  • - See your painting, yes.

    - 看你的畫,是的。

  • - And she was developed originally

    - 而她最初是被開發出來的

  • by our Social Impact team.

    由我們的社會影響團隊。

  • Another example on the international side,

    國際方面的另一個例子。

  • because we do a lot of international work,

    因為我們做了很多國際工作。

  • is Zari who was developed for Afghansitan.

    是為阿富汗斯坦開發的扎裡。

  • - Welcome to the street.

    - 歡迎來到街道。

  • - Thank you Elmo.

    - 謝謝你,艾莫

  • Today I'm so excited to be here.

    今天,我很興奮地來到這裡。

  • - [Both] Yay!

    - [兩個]耶!

  • (both laugh)

    (兩者笑)

  • - She's six years old.

    - 她已經六歲了。

  • She's curious and also has a younger brother

    她的好奇心很強,而且還有一個弟弟

  • who looks up to her which is a great, kind of,

    誰看得起她這是一個偉大的,種。

  • gender equity role modeling.

    兩性平等的榜樣;

  • Caroll Spinney has been here since season one, you know,

    Caroll Spinney從第一季開始就在這裡了,你知道的。

  • and is the originator of both Oscar and Big Bird.

    並且是奧斯卡和大鳥的鼻祖。

  • He's obviously a legend

    他顯然是個傳奇人物

  • and an amazing performer and just an amazing guy.

    和一個驚人的表演者,只是一個了不起的傢伙。

  • We have a couple of crew members,

    我們有幾個隊員。

  • believe it or not,

    信不信由你

  • who've been here for nearly 50 years.

    已經在這裡工作了近50年的人。

  • Frankie, who's our Camera One operator,

    弗蘭基,我們的 "相機一號 "操作員。

  • has been here since the beginning.

    自始至終都在這裡。

  • Our sound effects editor, Dick Maitland,

    我們的音效編輯,迪克-梅特蘭。

  • has also been here since the beginning.

    也自始至終都在這裡。

  • They work on Sesame Street because they love Sesame Street.

    他們在芝麻街工作,因為他們喜歡芝麻街。

  • They believe in our mission.

    他們相信我們的使命。

  • So people tend to stay.

    所以人們往往會留下來。

  • In a given season of 35 episodes

    在一個特定的35集的季節裡

  • we'll have, you know, 10 to 12 celebrity appearances.

    我們將有,你知道,10到12名人出現。

  • We love to do musical guests

    我們喜歡做音樂嘉賓

  • because kids love music.

    因為孩子們喜歡音樂。

  • And, you know, the celebrities are for the parents

    而且,你知道,名人是為父母準備的。

  • you know, more so than the kids

    你知道的,比孩子們還多

  • who may not know who John Legend is

    誰可能不知道誰是John Legend

  • but when we can combine both,

    但當我們能把兩者結合起來。

  • doing musical and a celebrity appearance,

    做音樂劇和名人亮相。

  • then it's great for everyone.

    那麼這對大家來說是很好的。

  • Celebrities will reach out to us

    名人會主動聯繫我們

  • especially if they've recently had kids

    特別是如果他們最近有了孩子

  • and they think to themselves,

    他們認為自己。

  • wow, I would love for Junior to see me on TV.

    哇,我很想讓少年在電視上看到我。

  • Sesame Street has changed a lot

    芝麻街的變化很大

  • and our production models evolve

    我們的生產模式也在不斷髮展

  • with new technology all the time.

    隨著新技術的不斷髮展。

  • So we did a big kind of redesign of the set in season 46.

    所以我們在第46季的時候,對佈景進行了一次大的重新設計。

  • So that was about four years ago.

    所以那是四年前的事了。

  • And it was, you know,

    而這是,你知道的。

  • obviously we kept 123, the brownstone and Hooper's.

    顯然,我們保留了123,褐石和胡伯的。

  • Those are the touchstones of the set.

    這些都是這一套的試金石。

  • But we wanted to modernize it some

    但我們想把它現代化一些

  • to give it a more colorful and vibrant atmosphere

    以使其更加豐富多彩,充滿生機。

  • and also to position the puppets in specific places.

    並且還可以將木偶放置在特定的地方。

  • So Abby, who is a fairy, we put her in her garden.

    所以艾比是個仙女,我們把她放在她的花園裡。

  • And so now every kid who watches Sesame Street knows, like,

    所以現在每個看《芝麻街》的孩子都知道,就像。

  • that's Abby's garden, that's where she lives,

    那是艾比的花園,那是她住的地方。

  • that's where she hangs out and plays with her friends.

    這就是她掛出 和她的朋友玩。

  • There's hundreds of studies

    有數百項研究

  • that have shown the effectiveness of Sesame Street

    芝麻街 "的有效性的報告

  • and how kids who watch Sesame Street

    和孩子們誰看芝麻街

  • are ready for school in a fashion

    整裝待發

  • that's greater than those who don't.

    的,比那些不。

  • - Why me love cookies?

    - 為什麼我喜歡餅乾?

  • Oh, they just the perfect food.

    哦,他們只是完美的食物。

  • They round, they crunchy,

    它們圓圓的,它們脆脆的。

  • they soft in the middle,

    他們在中間軟。