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  • You might have seen this symbol before,

    你也許看過這個圖案

  • whether it's as a temporary tattoo

    可能覺得這是當下流行的刺青

  • or at a Chinese temple.

    或是在中國的廟宇看過

  • It's called the yin-yang symbol.

    這個圖案叫陰陽圖

  • It comes from Taoism,

    它來自道教

  • a religion born in China

    一種誕生於中國的宗教

  • and it has far more meaning than you probably realize.

    它代表的含意,可能比你想的還多

  • The yin is the dark swirl,

    陰是深色的那一塊

  • and the yang is the light one,

    陽是淡色的那一塊

  • and each side has a dot of the opposite color,

    兩邊各有一個顏色相反的圓點

  • which gives a clue to the meaning of yin and yang.

    這個點是探索陰陽含意的線索

  • Everything contains the seed of its opposite.

    世間萬物都有相反的一面

  • Darth Vadar has the seed of goodness,

    達斯·維德有善良的一面

  • and Luke has the potential to follow

    路客有種跟隨他父親的潛力

  • his father to the dark side.

    加入了黑暗的一面

  • Like Luke and his father,

    就像路客和他的父親

  • yin and yang are not total opposites,

    陰陽並非完全相反

  • they are relative to each other.

    它們是彼此相對

  • Taoists believe that the universe is made up

    道家思想家相信宇宙是由

  • of energies, vibrations, and matter,

    能量、變化、物質所組成

  • which behave differently

    這三者在不同的地方

  • in different contexts.

    會有不同的作用

  • Something can be yin or yang

    萬物都能是陰或是陽

  • depending on,

    取決於

  • well, depending on lots of things.

    嗯,取決於很多因素

  • So, while wheat that's growing is yang,

    像是,麥穗在成長的時候是陽

  • when it's being reaped, it's yin.

    收割的時候就是陰

  • A wave's crest is yang,

    波峰是陽

  • and the trough is yin.

    波谷是陰

  • Villages on the sunny side of a valley in China

    在中國山谷的村莊,太陽照射的那面

  • have names like Liuyang or Shiyang,

    有些名子叫瀏陽,瀋陽

  • but on the shady side, for example,

    而另外一面,舉例來說

  • of the Yangtze River Valley,

    長江流域另一面

  • there's Jiangyin.

    有個江陰市

  • The brake is yin to the gas pedal's yang.

    煞車是陰,油門是陽

  • An eggshell is yang,

    蛋殼是陽

  • the egg inside is yin.

    裡面的蛋是陰

  • You think you're getting it?

    有點概念了嗎?

  • Yang is harder,

    陽比較硬

  • stronger,

    比較壯

  • brighter,

    比較光亮

  • and faster,

    比較快

  • but one can turn into the other

    陽可以成為陰

  • or are two sides of the same coin.

    一件事情不只有一種看法

  • The sunbeams are yang

    太陽光線是陽

  • in comparison to the shadows.

    和影子比較的話

  • The pitch is yang,

    投球是陽

  • the catch is yin.

    接球是陰

  • The yang starts an action,

    陽,開始一個動作

  • and the yin receives it,

    陰,接收了動作

  • completes it.

    完成這個動作

  • Yin is the inside space of a cup;

    一個杯子裡面的空間是陰

  • it wouldn't be a cup without it.

    沒有杯子,就沒有杯子裡的空間

  • Yang is the cup.

    陽就是杯子

  • The coffee's heat, however, is yang,

    不過,熱咖啡的熱度,是陽

  • and its blackness is yin.

    咖啡的深色,是陰

  • Yang goes berserk sometimes,

    陽有時候會比較猛烈

  • but there's some very powerful yins, too,

    但有時候陰也是如此

  • if they don't quite go berserk.

    如果兩方都太平和的話

  • Yin is the darker swirl, the female,

    陰是深色的那塊,代表女性

  • but there is a white dot in it.

    但是裡面有個白點

  • And yang is the lighter, the male,

    陽是淡色那塊,代表男性

  • but it has a black dot.

    但是裡面有個黑點

  • Water flowing calmly in a river is yin,

    河流中靜靜的水流是陰

  • but when it goes over the waterfall,

    但是到了瀑布時

  • it's very yang.

    就是猛烈的陽

  • Toothpicks are yin

    牙籤是陰

  • compared with a telephone pole.

    和電線桿相比之下

  • The back of a person is more yin

    人的背面是陰

  • than the front.

    和正面相比之下

  • The top of a person is the yang end.

    人的頭頂是陽

  • Taoism teaches that there is a power in the universe.

    道家思想告訴我們,宇宙有種能量

  • It's higher, deeper, and truer than any other force.

    這種能量比其它能量更高、更深、更真

  • They call it the Tao.

    他們稱之為道

  • It means the way.

    也就是方法的意思

  • Like the Force in Star Wars,

    像是星際大戰中的原力一樣

  • the Tao has two sides.

    道,有兩面

  • Unlike other religions where the higher power is all good,

    別於他宗說法,高等能量就是好的

  • and perhaps has an all-evil rival,

    可能會有全壞的敵手

  • Taoism teaches that we need to learn

    道家告訴我們

  • from both yin and yang.

    要從陰陽兩面學習

  • And unlike religions with gods that are personal,

    他宗說,神是人性化的

  • the higher power in Taoism is not.

    在道家思想中,高等的權力並非如此

  • Taoists believe that living in harmony with the way,

    道家思想家相信,與道和諧共存

  • a person will not have to fight

    一個人就不用

  • against the universe's natural flow.

    與自然波流爭鬥

  • So, for example, listen more,

    舉例來說,要多聽

  • argue less.

    少爭辯

  • Be ready to back up or undo something,

    準備好取或捨某樣事物

  • and you will make even faster progress.

    你就會進步得很快

  • Don't worry about being the best,

    不要擔心自己不是最好的

  • be who you are.

    做自己就好

  • Live simply.

    簡單的生活

  • Complications take you away from the Tao.

    複雜會讓你脫離道

  • "The wise person is flexible," Taoists say.

    道家思想家說:「智者能屈能伸」

  • Learning to use the Tao

    學習如何用道

  • is what Taoism is all about,

    就是道家思想的精隨

  • and that's why you should know

    這也是為何你該去分辨

  • your yin from your yang.

    你的陰和陽

You might have seen this symbol before,

你也許看過這個圖案

字幕與單字
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B2 中高級 中文 TED-Ed 杯子 能量 比較 思想 中國

【TED-Ed】陰陽的含意 - The hidden meanings of yin and yang - John Bellaimey

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