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字幕列表 影片播放

  • (calm electronic theme music)

    ( 平靜的電子主題音樂 )

  • Hello everyone, and welcome back to English with Lucy.

    大家好,歡迎回到 English with Lucy

  • What a long time!

    好久不見啦!

  • So much has happened since I've been away.

    從我離開到現在發生了好多事

  • I basically went on a trip, and then I got really, really ill,

    基本上我出去旅行了一趟,然後我生了好大一場病

  • and I just had to recover.

    而我必須要讓自己康復

  • I could hardly speak.

    我幾乎沒辦法說話

  • If you follow me on Instagram you will know about that,

    如果你有追蹤我的 Instagram 你就會知道這回事

  • but, I'm back today with a really

    但,今天我回來了

  • highly-requested grammar video.

    帶來這部許多人都想知道的文法影片

  • We're going to be talking about the difference

    我們要來討論

  • between "this," "these," "that," and "those."

    「this」、「these」、「that」 跟 「those」 的不同

  • It's a seriously important lesson.

    這真的是很重要的一課

  • I hear people confuse these words all the time.

    我聽說人們總是會搞混這些字的用法

  • And, on almost every single Instagram post,

    然後,幾乎在所有 Instagram 貼文上

  • somebody asks me to make at least a video about "these" and "this."

    都有人請求我至少拍一部有關 「these」 跟 「this」 的影片

  • So, hopefully, that's going to be really, really useful for you.

    所以,希望這真的會對你很有幫助

  • Before we get started, I'd just like to thank

    在開始之前,我想先感謝

  • the sponsor of today's video.

    今天影片的贊助商

  • It's Lingoda, with an extra special offer for you.

    就是 Lingoda,還提供了額外的好康給各位

  • Lingoda is an online language academy which employs native,

    Lingoda 是個線上語言學院,他們聘請了許多

  • qualified teachers to deliver small group classes,

    本地的合格教師來提供小班課程

  • private classes, or a perfect combination of the two.

    私人課程或是兩者兼具的課程

  • I've tried them out myself, and I totally approve.

    我曾自己試用過,我非常贊成大家使用

  • I've got two special offers for you today,

    我今天帶來了兩個特別方案給你

  • so you can choose which one you want.

    所以你可以選擇一個想要的

  • You can get 30% off all three month subscription packages with the code LUCY30OFF

    你輸入代碼 LUCY30OFF,就可以獲得 3 個月課程訂閱金 30% 折扣

  • and 50% off all certificate courses with the code LUCY50OFF.

    或是輸入 LUCY50OFF,可以獲得所有認證課程費用 50% 折扣

  • With that last code, LUCY50OFF,

    後面的代碼,LUCY50OFF

  • you can get six months of English lessons

    你可以獲得 6 個月的英文課程

  • for the price of three months,

    但只要 3 個月的價錢

  • and you can go up an entire English level.

    而你可以大大提升英語能力

  • All you have to do is click on the offer links in the description box and use the codes.

    你要做的就是點擊資訊欄裡的連結並使用代碼

  • Right, let's get on with the lesson.

    好了,讓我們來上課吧

  • "This," "that," "these," and "those" are demonstratives.

    「This」、「that」、「these」 跟 「those」 都是指示詞

  • We use "this," "that," "these," and "those,"

    我們使用 「This」、「that」、「these」 跟 「those」

  • I have to get good at saying that,

    我必須好好說明

  • to point to people or things.

    用來指出人或物的用途

  • "This" and "that" are singular,

    「This」 跟 「that」 是單數

  • and "these" and "those" are plural.

    「these」 跟 「those」 是複數

  • "This," singular, and "these," plural,

    單數的 「This」 跟複數的 「these」

  • refer to things that are close to the speaker,

    是物品接近說話者時使用的指示詞

  • much like the word "here."

    比較像 「here」 這個詞

  • Here, "this," "these."

    在這裡,「this」、「these」

  • On the other hand, "that" and "those"

    另一方面,「that」 跟 「those」

  • refer to things that are further away from the speaker,

    是物品離說話者比較遠的時候使用的指示詞

  • much like the word "there."

    比較像 「there」 這個詞

  • "That," "those," there.

    「That」、「those」,在那裡

  • So, "this" and "these" are here,

    所以,「this」 跟 「these」 是說在這裡

  • "that" and "those" are there.

    「that」 跟 「those」 是說在那裡

  • "This," "these," here.

    「This」、「these」,在這裡

  • "That," "those," there.

    「That」、「those」,在那裡

  • Learn that and remember it in your head,

    學起來,並且記在腦袋裡

  • because at some point you might need

    因為在某個時候你可能需要

  • to remember which one is which.

    記得該用哪一個

  • Before we talk about the ins and outs,

    在我們說清來龍去脈之前

  • the fine details of "this," "that," "these," and "those,"

    有關 「this」、「that」、「these」 跟 「those」 更詳細的細節

  • let's talk about the pronunciation of the words

    我們先來說說這些字怎麼發音吧

  • and how they differ from each other,

    還有它們之間的差異

  • because I know so many students struggle

    因為我知道很多學生

  • with the pronunciation, especially of "this" and "these."

    覺得發音很難,特別是 「this」 跟 「these」

  • "That" and "those," completely different vowel sounds.

    「That」 跟 「those」 是完全不同的母音

  • Ah, "that."

    「啊」,「That」

  • Oh, "those."

    「喔嗚」,「those」

  • Those shouldn't be too difficult.

    那些應該不會太難

  • Note that sometimes people might put a glottal stop at the end of "that."

    注意,有時人們可能會在 「that」 這個詞結尾做停頓

  • "Now that is amazing."

    「現在那個東西,真的很驚人。」

  • See? That's naturally how I would say,

    看到了嗎?我自然而然的就會這麼說話

  • "That is amazing."

    「那真的很驚人。」

  • "Those," make sure you're ending with a "zzz" sound.

    「Those」,要記得結尾是個 「z」 的音

  • Don't end it with a "sss" sound.

    不要以 「s」 的音結尾

  • So, it's not "thossse," which is actually quite hard to say.

    所以,不是唸 「thoSe」,其實這樣不好唸

  • It's "thozze," "those."

    而是唸 「thoZe」,「those」

  • Now, "this" and "these."

    現在輪到 「this」 跟 「these」

  • Well, firstly, the vowel sound is very similar,

    首先,母音唸法非常相似

  • but, it is different.

    但,還是不同

  • With "this," we have an "ih," "ih."

    「this」 這個詞,要唸「亦」的音

  • It's a short vowel sound.

    是個短母音

  • "These" we have "eee."

    「These」 則是 「依」

  • It's a long vowel sound.

    是個長母音

  • The mouth shape is the same "ih," "ee," "ih," "ee."

    嘴巴的形狀是一樣的,「亦」、「依」、「亦」、「依」

  • We just elongate the vowel sound for "these."

    只是在唸 「these」 的時候延長母音

  • And then, the most important thing in my opinion,

    然後,我覺得最重要的

  • is the phoneme at the end of the word.

    就是字的結尾音

  • "Thissss."

    「thiS」

  • "Thezzzze."

    「theZe」

  • So, "this" has a "sss" sound, and "these" has a "zzz" sound,

    所以,「this」 是 「s」 的音,「these」 是 「z」 的音

  • like with "those."

    就跟 「those」 一樣

  • I hear a lot of students say, "Thessse. Thessse,"

    我聽過很多學生說,「theSe」

  • and I don't know if they're trying to say, "This,"

    而我不知道他們是要說 「this」

  • or "these."

    還是 「these」

  • So, make sure, "Thisss," short "is" sound, ending in an "s."

    所以,要弄清楚,「This」,短的 「is」 聲,結尾音是 「s」

  • "Is," "this."

    「Is」,「this」

  • "Theeese," long e sound ending in a zed: "Theeeze."

    「These」,長的 「e」 聲,結尾音是 「z」 字母,「These」

  • "Thesss" is like a combination of the two.

    「Thess」 有點像兩者的結合

  • It's not the end of the world, but

    沒有那麼的糟,但

  • you might miscommunicate a little.

    你可能會誤傳你想表達的意思

  • You might be referring to multiple things.

    你可能是指複數物品

  • You're trying to say, "These," which is a plural.

    你想要說 「These」,它是複數指示詞

  • But people will think you're trying to say one thing,

    但人們會想你要說的是一個物品

  • "This," because it's a singular.

    「This」,因為它是單數指示詞

  • So, just bear that in mind and practise a little at home.

    所以,要牢記在心,並在家稍微練習一下

  • So, we use "this," "that," "these," and "those"

    所以我們使用 「this」、「that」、「these」 跟 「those」

  • as determiners.

    作為限定詞

  • For example: "What's this book about?"

    舉例來說:「這本書的內容是關於什麼?」

  • "That door's unlocked."

    「那扇門沒鎖。」

  • "I really like those socks."

    「我真的很喜歡那些短襪。」

  • We also use them as pronouns.

    我們也會把它們用作代名詞

  • "This is lovely."

    「這個真可愛。」

  • "That is a great achievement."

    「那是個很大的成就。」

  • "You can take these home."

    「你可以把這些帶回家。」

  • But, what are the rules?

    但,有什麼規則呢?

  • We use "this" and "that" with singular, uncountable nouns,

    在單數、不可數名詞,我們會使用 「this」 跟 「that」

  • singular, uncountable nouns.

    單數、不可數名詞

  • "This bread is stale."

    「這個麵包腐壞了。」

  • Stale means not fresh.

    腐壞意思是不新鮮

  • And, an uncountable example: "Please pass me that coffee."

    不可數名詞的例句:「請遞給我那杯咖啡。」

  • We use "those" and "these" with plural nouns.

    複數名詞會使用 「those」 跟 「these」

  • "These shoes are yours."

    「這些鞋子是你的。」

  • "Those houses are for sale."

    「那些房子是要出售的。」

  • Note: we tend to use "this" with words describing time and dates.

    小筆記:描述時間跟日期,我們傾向使用 「this」

  • For example: "This morning, I went on a run."

    例如:「今天早上,我去慢跑了。」

  • Or, "I'm going to Paris this week."

    或是「這週我要去巴黎。」

  • We can use "that" with words describing time and date,

    我們可以使用 「that」 來描述時間跟日期

  • but it's normally about something that was a long time ago that you're remembering

    但通常是你現在還記得的很久以前的事

  • or something in the future that might or might not happen.

    或是某件未來會或不會發生的事

  • For example: "Ah yes, the summer of 2012, that summer was a great summer."

    例如:「啊對,西元 2012 年的夏天,那年夏天是個很棒的夏天。」

  • It happened a long time ago.

    這是很久以前的事

  • Or, "I wonder if I'll ever get married. That day would be great!"

    或是「我不知道我會不會結婚,那天一定很棒!」

  • Just a subtle hint there.

    只是個微妙的暗示

  • Right! Let's look at pronouns.

    好!來看看代名詞

  • We normally use "this," "that," "these," and "those"

    我們通常會將 「this」、「that」、「these」 跟 「those」

  • as pronouns to refer to things or ideas.

    作為某事物或意見的代名詞

  • For example: "We're going for a Sunday roast first,

    例如:「我們要先來個週日烤肉

  • and then for a walk around the village.

    然後在村莊裡逛逛

  • Are you happy with that?"

    那樣你滿意嗎?」

  • It means, "Are you happy with the idea of going for a roast first and then a walk?"

    這意思是,「你滿意我們先烤肉再逛逛的主意嗎?」

  • The whole thing is an idea at the moment.

    在那個時刻,整件事是個想法

  • "Are you happy with that idea?"

    「你對這想法滿意嗎?」

  • "It sounds like a great idea to me.

    「對我來說,聽起來是個好主意

  • That is my dream Sunday."

    那是我夢想中的週日。」

  • Or, talking about music: "Can you turn that down please.

    或是,討論音樂:「請你把那個關掉

  • I hate Heavy Metal."

    我討厭重金屬音樂。」

  • Or, things, if I'm talking about someone's earrings.

    或是物品,如果我在討論某人的耳環

  • "Those are beautiful."

    「那些很好看。」

  • Those earrings are beautiful.

    那些耳環很好看

  • We can also use "this," "that," "those," and "these"

    我們也可以用 「this」、「that」、「those」 跟 「these」代表人

  • to refer to people when we want to identify ourselves or others

    當我們想表明自己或他人的身分時

  • or we want to ask the identity of other people.

    或我們想要詢問他人的身分時

  • For example: "This is my brother, George."

    例如:「這是我的兄弟,George。」

  • Or, "That's my mother over there."

    或者「在那裡的是我媽媽。」

  • Or, "Hello. Is that John?

    或是「哈囉,是 John 嗎?」

  • "This is Lucy speaking."

    「我是 Lucy。」

  • "Is that John?" because he's far away.

    「是 John 嗎?」用 that,因為他在很遠的地方

  • And, "This is Lucy," because I am right here.

    「我是 Lucy。」用 this,因為我在這裡

  • I'm close to myself, in fact, I'm inside myself.

    我很接近我自己,事實上,我就是我自己

  • Well, anyway. Yes.

    好吧,無論如何,就是這樣

  • So, as I said at the beginning, we use "this" and "these"

    所以,如同我剛開始說的,我們用 「this」 跟 「these」

  • to refer to things that are here

    來代表在這裡的東西

  • and "that" and "those" to refer to things that are over there.

    然後 「that」 跟 「those」 代表在那裡的東西

  • "Can I use this pen?"

    「我可以用這支筆嗎?」

  • "I'll print this tomorrow."

    「我明天會把這個印出來。」

  • "I got these done last week, in San Francisco."

    「我上週在舊金山做了這些。」

  • It's true, it's an amazing colour, isn't it?

    這是真的,很棒的顏色,不是嗎?

  • Beckoning Begonia by Chillac.

    Chillac 的淺粉紫色指甲油

  • Back to English lessons.

    回到英文課來