初級 英國腔 1925 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
When sleep is sweetest
we rise at the bidding of a bell.
There is no moment for idleness
or self-indulgence.
Everywhere peace,
Everywhere serenity,
and a marvellous freedom from the tumult of the world.
Hi! I'm Emily, and I'm Sam,
we're here at Rievaulx Abbey.
We're here to discover what it was like to
live in a medieval monastery. Let's go!
Ah, young pilgrims,
my name is Aelred,
and I am the Abbot of Rievaulx Abbey.
Now I understand you that want to learn something about our way of life.
Yes, correct.
I think the best way to learn
about what it's like to be a monk
is to wear the same sort of clothes that monks wear.
Would you like to come and dress as monks?
Yes please!
Then follow me.
You look very, very smart now in your monks habits.
Why are you called Aelred?
My name means, noble strength, it's Anglo Saxon.
My family come from the north of England and for many years they have been devoted to the northern Saints, especially St Cuthbert.
What does a Monk do?
When you become a Monk you leave the world behind
with all its riches, possessions,
your family and instead you come to an Abbey
and devote your life to the glory of God.
What do you eat for breakfast?
We have one meal a day and that's normally the middle of the day
and that meal is a sort of... I suppose you would call it porridge.
It's made of bread which we grind up.
Then we add hot water.
And then we add whatever vegetables we happen to have depending on the season.
Some herbs, and maybe some fish.
So what you end up with is a sort of porridge with vegetables and fish in it
and that's what we have to sustain us.
Why are your robes white?
By wearing white, we are wearing the colour that wool is when it comes off a sheep's back,
so that makes it the cheapest so that's a way of showing that we believe very strongly in our vow of poverty.
Do you have to be silent all the time and if you do how do you communicate?
Well St Benedict whose rule we follow
stresses that silence is very very important for Monks, because it stops us gossiping and lets us concentrate instead on God
so we're not allowed to speak at certain times of the day.
We have a set of signs that we use to communicate with each other,
so that people still know what's going on.
So see if you can guess what these might be the signs for.
Is that fire?
Light out, candle?
Very good!
What about this?
Does that mean porridge?
Yes it does.
So you see we can communicate with each other quite easily without the use of words.
That's very clever.
Thank you.
Well, you have done very, very well and you have learnt
all about the life of a Monk in the Abbey.
But you face one final test.
And that is the test of silence.
So I challenge you, to see
who can be silent for longer?
So Emily, Sam, face each other
Begin!
And everything is peace,
and everything serenity...
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

體驗中世紀僧侶生活 (How to Live as a Medieval Monk)

1925 分類 收藏
April Lu 發佈於 2018 年 10 月 9 日    April Lu 翻譯    Evangeline 審核

影片簡介

展開內容
在我們的印象裡,修道院似乎是個離群索居、與世無爭,有點孤單蒼涼的地方,但在歐洲多數修道院已擁有超過千年的歷史,至今仍是精神信仰的堅定象徵。今天的影片想邀請你跟著兩位小朋友,一起認識修道院僧侶的生活概況。

1idleness0:09
idleness 是形容詞 idle 的名詞形式,意思是一個人「無所事事的,空閒的」。
西方有句諺語說:Idleness is the root of all evil. (懶惰是萬惡之源。)
另外 idle 本身也可以當動詞使用,意思是「閒置;(引擎) 空轉」。
The longer you idle your car, the more you are polluting the air.
你讓引擎空轉得越久,就會造成越嚴重的空氣汙染。


相關片語 idle sth away 意思是「消磨(時間)」,且多半強調漫無目的地度過某段時間。
Those teenagers idled away their summer vacation playing video games.
那群青少年只顧著玩電玩,荒廢掉了一整個暑假。


2indulgence11
indulgence 翻譯成「沉溺;放縱」,尤其指超出適量的享受程度。
She leads a life of wealth and indulgence.
她過著紙醉金迷的生活。


動詞型為 indulge,後面搭配介係詞 in 加上某件令人沉醉不已的事物。
My family and I love to indulge in chocolate fondue during the wintertime.
冬季時我和家人總沉溺於巧克力火鍋的美好滋味。


*同場加映:
【TED】羅素.福克斯:我們為什麼需要睡眠?(Why do we sleep? | Russell Foster)


3learn about0:49
learn about/of something 這個片語指「聽聞先前不知曉的事實或消息」。
We only learned about the accident three months later.
我們在三個月後才知道有這場意外發生。


learn 和 learn about 不同的地方在於後者多半指較為粗淺的認知,前者才能表示有深度的、花費時間長的「學習」。
My best friend learned to speak Russian and Japanese in college.
我最要好的朋友在大學時期學會講俄語和日語。


4noble1:17
noble 這個形容詞翻譯成「偉大的,崇高的」例如 a noble cause (一項崇高的事業);也可以指「出身顯貴的」例如 a noble family (貴族家庭)。
此外 noble 也可以當名詞使用,意思是「貴族」,與 aristocrat 同義。
You will see members of the ruling family or other nobles participating in this ceremony.
在這場儀式中,你將會看到幾位皇家成員與其他貴族。

She comes from a family of aristocrats and is very wealthy.
她來自十分富有的貴族世家。


5leave behind1:32
leave behind 這個片語的翻譯是「遺留 (在過去);拋諸腦後」,注意 something 可以夾在中間或放在片語後面。
He wanted to leave behind his failed love story, so he moved to a new city and started a new job.
他想忘卻那段失敗的戀情,於是搬到新的城市開始新的工作。


*同場加映:
旅遊導覽—浪漫遊巴黎 (Paris Vacation Travel Guide | Expedia)


修道院僧侶的生活淡泊恬靜,迎接曙光的每個清晨、簡潔的衣著、沒有花樣的餐點、少說話多思考......這些「限制」使他們得以全心專注於信仰,自我解放於外在世界的煩擾;不是每個人都該拋下一切遠離塵世,但僧侶們寧靜致遠的生命智慧,卻值得所有人學習。

文/ Jessie Huang

影片學習單字重點

loading
看更多推薦影片

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔