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  • Hi.

  • I'm Rebecca from engVid.

    我是 engVid 教學節目的瑞貝卡

  • In the next few minutes you'll find out if you make any of the 10 worst mistakes in English.

    在接下來的幾分鐘,你會知道你是否犯了以下十個最糟糕的英文錯誤

  • Now, even though it seems like I'm joking, it's actually quite serious.

    儘管我看起來像是在開玩笑,但其實這是很嚴肅的

  • These mistakes could make you fail an exam or a job interview, they could make you lose

    這些錯誤可能會讓你在考試或面試中失敗,它們可能會讓你失去一筆生意

  • a sale or a client, they could also ruin your presentation, or worse still, your reputation.

    或一個客戶,它們也可能毀了你的表現,或者更糟糕的是,你的聲譽

  • You really don't want to be making these mistakes.

    你真的不會想犯這些錯誤的

  • And luckily, you found this lesson, so at the end of this lesson you will know exactly

    幸運的是,你找到了這隻教學影片,所以在本課程結束時,你將學會

  • what to do to fix these mistakes in case you make them.

    如果犯了這些錯誤時,應該如何更正

  • And if you don't make them, then you can feel really good and confident about the English

    如果你不會犯這些錯,那麼你就能對你英語口說能力

  • that you do speak.

    有信心了

  • Okay?

    了解嗎?

  • So, let's get started.

    那麼,就讓我們開始吧

  • The first one

    第一個

  • Now, I should say that the first five are all written mistakes, that is if you say these

    我應該說前五個都是關於書寫上的錯誤,也就是說如果你是用口說的

  • things, nobody will be able to tell what you're saying, but if you write them down then they

    沒人會知道你犯錯,但是如果你寫下來

  • will see your mistake.

    就會發現你的錯誤

  • In other words, they are spelling mistakes, but the spelling mistake is based on a grammatical

    換句話說,他們是拼寫錯誤,但拼寫錯誤是因為

  • mistake that you have misunderstood something in English.

    你的文法觀念有錯

  • Okay?

    了解嗎?

  • But I'm here to explain it to you, so no worries.

    我在這裡會解釋給你聽,所以不用擔心

  • Here we go.

    現在開始

  • Number one: "Your late", "Y-o-u-r" or "You're late".

    第一個:「你遲到了」,"Y-o-u-r" 或 "You're" late

  • Now you see, they sound the same, but this one is written "y-o-u-'-r-e".

    你看,它們唸起來是一樣的,但是這個是寫成 "y-o-u -'- r-e"

  • Have you seen this mistake on the internet?

    你在網路上看過這種錯誤嗎?

  • I see it all the time, but not by you I hope.

    我經常看到,希望那個人不是你

  • So, what's the right answer here?

    那麼,正確的答案是什麼?

  • The first one: "Your late", "Y-o-u-r" or the second one?

    第一種寫法 "Your late", "Y-o-u-r" 或第二種寫法,哪個是對的?

  • Okay?

    懂嗎?

  • So, the correct one is this.

    正確答案是這個

  • This is the correct one, this is wrong.

    這個是正確的,這個是錯的

  • Why?

    為什麼?

  • Okay?

    知道嗎?

  • "You're late" like this is what?

    這樣寫 "You're late" 是什麼意思?

  • "You are", it's a contraction or short form of "You are", and the other one: "Y-o-u-r"

    "You are",是 "You are" 的縮寫或簡寫,而另一個寫法:"Y-o-u-r"

  • is a possessive form of "You".

    則是 "You" 的所有格

  • It means this is your book, this is your brother, etc.

    意味這是你的書,這是你的兄弟,等等

  • Okay?

    了解嗎?

  • So "You are late."

    所以 "You are late."

  • is what you wanted there.

    才是正確的

  • Second one: "Who's that?", "W-h-o-'-s" or: "Whose that?", "W-h-o-s-e"?

    第二個: "Who's that?",應該用 "W-h-o-'-s" 或:"Whose that?" 的 "W-h-o-s-e" ?

  • Which is correct?

    哪一個才對?

  • Well, this one is correct, and this is wrong

    這個是對的,而這個是錯的

  • because: "Who's that?" is short for: "Who is", "Who is that?"

    因為: "Who's that?" 是 "Who is" 的簡寫, "Who is that?"

  • Again, it's a contraction or a short form. Right?

    再說一次,這是一種縮寫或簡寫的形式。好嗎?

  • And this one: "Whose" is a possessive word to ask: "Who does this belong to?"

    而這種寫法:"Whose" 是 who 的所有格,意思是問:「這是誰的?」

  • Okay?

    懂嗎?

  • That's not what you want to say here.

    這裡要的不是這個字

  • Number three: "It's time to go." or "Its time to go."

    第三個:"It's time to go." 或 "Its time to go."

  • Again, remember they sound exactly the same, they are what are called homonyms, but don't

    再說一次,請記住它們發音完全一樣,它們就是所謂的同音異義字

  • worry about that.

    但不用擔心

  • You need to know how to spell, so is it like this or like this?

    你需要知道如何拼寫,所以它是這樣寫或還是這樣寫?

  • Well, this is correct, this is not.

    這個是正確的,這個是錯的

  • This is, again, a contraction for: "It is", right?

    這是,重複一次, "It is"的縮寫形式

  • "It is time to go. It's time to go."

    「該走了、該走了。」

  • This "Its" with no apostrophe is the possessive form of "It", it shows that something belongs

    這個 "Its" 沒有撇號的是 "it" 的所有格,表示某些東西

  • to it.

    屬於它

  • All right?

    懂嗎?

  • That's not what you want to use here.

    不是用在這裡的

  • Next "There here", "Their here", or "They're here".

    下一個 "There here", "Their here", 或 "They're here"

  • Again, they sound the same, but what's the correct spelling?

    它們發音近似,但是哪一個寫法才是正確的?

  • Which word do you really want?

    哪一個才是你要的?

  • So, we want this one.

    我們要的是這個

  • "They are here." Okay?

    「他們在這裡」

  • It's a contraction.

    這是縮寫

  • This one: "There" is the opposite of "Here", and "T-h-e-i-r", "Their" is the possessive

    這ㄧ個:「那裡」是「這裡」的相反,而 "T-h-e-i-r", "Their" 是 "They" 的所有格

  • form of "They", it means something belongs to them, and that's not what you want in this example.

    意味著某些東西屬於他們,並不適用這個例子中

  • The last one here is: "Did you lose this?" or "Did you loose this?"

    最後一個 "Did you lose this?" 或 "Did you loose this?"

  • Now, some people don't pronounce it correctly so they end up sounding the same, they actually

    有些人的發音不正確,會使得它們聽起來一樣

  • pronounce differently, and spell differently, and the meaning is completely different.

    實際上它們發音不同,拼寫不同,意思完全不同

  • Okay?

    懂嗎?

  • So "Did you lose this?" or "Did you loose this?"

    所以 "Did you lose this?" 或 "Did you loose this?"

  • Which is the right one?

    哪一個是對的?

  • This is correct, and this is wrong.

    這個是對的,而這個是錯的

  • The first one "lose" is a verb because that's

    第一個 "lose" 是動詞

  • it means...

    因為它意味著

  • Okay, like something is lost, you lost it.

    像是有東西遺失了,你丟了它

  • You lose something.

    你弄丟了東西

  • And "loose" means not tight, like: "His pants were very loose", not tight.

    而 "loose" 意味著不緊,像是:「他的褲子很寬鬆」,不緊

  • So, these are the first five, these are mistakes that you can make in writing, and if you made

    以上是前五個,這些是你在書寫上可能會發生的錯誤,如果你犯了其中的

  • any of them don't worry.

    任一個錯誤,不用擔心

  • As I said, afterwards I'll tell you where you can go to watch a video on whichever one

    正如我說的,影片最後我會告訴你,在哪裡可以看到與你的錯誤有關的教學影片

  • you got wrong because I've recorded lessons on each of these.

    因為我已經把每一題都錄製了教學影片

  • Okay?

    懂嗎?

  • Let's go to the second part.

    讓我們繼續下面的題目

  • Now, let's look at five mistakes that people sometimes make while speaking.

    現在,讓我們看一下,大家有時候在講話時犯的五個錯誤

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Number six: "You speak English good."

    第六個: "You speak English good."

  • or "You speak English well."

    還是 "You speak English well."

  • Which is correct?

    哪個是對的?

  • Do you know?

    你知道嗎?

  • Well, the answer is this, this is the correct one: "You speak English well", because "well"

    答案是這個,這是正確的:"You speak English well",因為 "well"

  • is an adverb.

    是一個副詞

  • It describes how you speak: "You speak well."

    它描述了你如何說話:「你說得很好」

  • And "good", in this case is wrong, because "good" is an adjective.

    而 "good",用在這裡是錯誤的,因為 "good" 是一個形容詞

  • So, for example, you could say: "You speak good English" because then "good" describes English.

    例如,你可以說:"You speak good English" ,因為“good”是用來形容 "English"

  • All right?

    懂嗎?

  • Next one, number seven: "He's doing his homework." or "He's making his homework".

    下一個,第七個: "He's doing his homework.", 還是 "He's making his homework"

  • "do" and "make", so many, many expressions with "do" and "make".

    "do" 和 "make" 經常出現在句子中

  • How do you decide?

    你如何決定用哪一個?

  • Well, let's see if you know this one first, then I'll tell you how you decide.

    讓我們先看看你這一題是否答對了,然後我再告訴你如何決定

  • "He's doing his homework.", "He's making his homework."

    "He's doing his homework."、"He's making his homework."

  • Which one is right?

    哪一個是對的?

  • This one is correct: "He's doing his homework."

    這個才對: "He's doing his homework."

  • And it is wrong to say: "He's making his homework."

    不可以說:"He's making his homework."

  • just because it's wrong.

    因為這種說法是錯的

  • Now, the way to know whether to say "do" or "make", there is some explanation that tries

    要知道何時該說 "do" 或 "make" 的方法,是有一些解釋可以幫助你理解

  • to help you understand, but I think it's very difficult for you to think through it every time.

    但我認為還是無法讓你徹底的學會使用

  • I think in this case you do have to learn a lot of the expressions by heart, and one

    我認為在這種情況下,你必須用心去體會如何運用

  • way you can do that is to look at one of the resources that I've written on my engVid channel,

    其中一個方式,是去看我在 engVid 頻道的教學

  • which actually has a long list of expressions with "do" and "make", but I'll tell you again

    那裏有很多用 "do" 和 "make" 的例句,在那裡我會再教你

  • how to get to that.

    如何學會運用這兩個字

  • Number eight: "I'll see you at 6:30." or "I'll see you on 6:30." or "I'll see you in 6:30."

    第八個:"I'll see you at 6:30." 或 "I'll see you on 6:30." 還是 "I'll see you in 6:30."

  • Is it: "at 6:30", "on 6:30", "in 6:30", which is it?

    是: "at 6:30", "on 6:30", "in 6:30", 哪一個才是對的?

  • Those little prepositions.

    這些很簡單的介係詞

  • So important.

    非常重要

  • Which one is it?

    哪一個是對的?

  • "I'll see you at 6:30",

    "I'll see you at 6:30" 才是對的

  • not "on", not "in", okay? "at" is used with very specific times,

    不是 "on",不是 "in",懂嗎?“at”是用在某個特定時間點

  • like: 6:00, 6:30, midnight, and so on.

    例如:6 點,6 點 30 分,午夜等

  • "on" is used with one day or one date, and "in" is used for anything more than one day

    “on”是用在某一天或某一個日子,“in”是用在時間超過一天或

  • or one date.

    超過一個日子

  • Really very important because these little prepositions pop up everywhere when we're

    真的非常重要,因為當我們說話時,這些簡單的介系詞

  • speaking, right?

    隨時會出現,對嗎?

  • Okay.

  • Number nine: "He and I are getting married."

    第九個: "He and I are getting married."

  • or "Him and I are getting married."

    還是 "Him and I are getting married."

  • Which one is right?

    哪個是對的?

  • I just want to tell you that if you make this mistake it's a really bad mistake.

    我只想說,如果這個搞錯了,你就犯了一個很糟糕的錯誤

  • So...

    所以‧‧‧

  • They're all bad, this is very bad.

    這種錯誤很糟糕,非常糟糕

  • So, which is correct?

    那麼,哪一個才是對的?

  • This is correct.

    這個才對

  • This is wrong.

    這個是錯的

  • Because "He" is a subject pronoun, and "Him" is an object pronoun, and if you don't know

    因為 "He" 是一個主格代名詞,而 "Him" 是一個受格代名詞,如果你不知道

  • the difference between a subject pronoun and an object pronoun, then you should really

    主格代名詞和受格代名詞之間的區別,那麼你應該

  • follow this by looking at the...

    仔細去看.....

  • Watching the video which I have which explains this in more detail.

    我的教學影片,在那裡我有詳細的解釋

  • Each of the lessons that we have actually explains these points in much more detail

    我們的每一部教學影片,對相關的問題都有比這裡

  • than I'm going into here.

    更詳細的解說

  • Okay?

    懂嗎?

  • Number 10: "He has a cool car."

    第十個:"He has a cool car."

  • or "He's having a cool car."

    還是 "He's having a cool car."

  • Sounds like could be, right?

    似乎兩個都有可能,對吧?

  • Is there a difference?

    兩個有差異嗎?

  • Yes, we should say:

    有的,我們應該說

  • "He has a cool car."

    他有一部很酷的車子

  • We cannot say in correct English: "He's having a cool car."

    在正確的英文裡不能說:"He's having a cool car."

  • Because "have", "have" is a...

    因為 "have" , "have" 是一個

  • What is called in English a stative verb.

    英文裡所謂的狀態動詞

  • It describes a state.

    它描述了一種狀態

  • And so we can't normally use "have" to talk about something that you own, and there's

    而通常 "have" 當「有、擁有」時,是不能用進行時式的

  • a lot of details that you need to understand when you're using stative verbs, of which

    使用狀態動詞時,有很多細節需要了解

  • "have" is one example.

    "have" 就是其中一個例子

  • Now, did you make any mistakes here?

    你在這裡犯了任何錯誤嗎?

  • Did you make any of these 10 mistakes?

    你有犯這 10 個錯誤中的任何一個嗎?

  • If you did, no problem, don't worry.

    如果有,也沒問題,別擔心

  • There are only three ways to improve your English.

    只有三種方法可以提昇你的英語能力

  • One is to learn what's right, the second way is to correct what's wrong,

    第一是要學習正確的英文,第二是更正錯誤

  • and the third way is to keep going forward, step by step.

    第三是持續學習,一步一步來

  • So here are the steps that you can take now to improve your English.

    你可以採取以下這些步驟來提昇你英語水平

  • Okay?

    懂嗎?

  • Number one:

    第一:

  • Go to www.engvid.com and here you'll find many, many lessons that will help you

    去瀏覽 www.engvid.com,在這裡有許許多多課程可以幫助你

  • improve your English.

    提昇英語水平