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  • Dan: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English.

    丹:你好,歡迎來到6分鐘英語。

  • I'm Dan and joining me today is Neil. Hey Neil.

    我是丹,今天加入我的是尼爾。嘿,尼爾。

  • Neil: Hello Dan. What's on the agenda today?

    尼爾:你好,丹。今天的議程是什麼?

  • Dan: Well, I'll give you a clue.

    丹:好吧,我給你一個線索。

  • It's something that makes the world go round,

    這是讓世界運轉的東西。

  • but it doesn't really exist.

    但它並不真正存在。

  • In fact, if we all stopped believing in it,

    事實上,如果我們都不再相信它。

  • it would have no use at all!

    毫無用處

  • What is it?

    什麼事?

  • Neil: I haven't got a clue!

    尼爾:我沒有任何頭緒!

  • Dan: Ok...how about this?

    丹:好吧......這樣如何?

  • Neil: Money!

    錢!

  • Dan: Yep! And not just any money,

    丹:是的!而且不是普通的錢。

  • we're talking about crypto-currency.

    我們正在談論加密貨幣。

  • Neil: Currency is the money that's being used

    尼爾:貨幣是指被使用的錢。

  • in a given country at a certain time.

    在某一時期,在某一國家。

  • But what about the crypto part?

    但加密部分呢?

  • Dan: Well, 'crypto' is a prefix meaning hidden or secret.

    丹:嗯,"crypto "是一個前綴,意思是隱藏或祕密。

  • It comes from the word cryptic,

    它來自於 "隱 "字。

  • which means mysterious or difficult to understand.

    意思是神祕的或難以理解的。

  • You may have heard about the most

    你可能聽說過最

  • popular crypto-currency at the moment,

    目前流行的加密貨幣。

  • the Bitcoin.

    的比特幣。

  • Neil: Well I've certainly heard the name,

    尼爾:嗯,我當然聽說過這個名字。

  • but I can't say I know what it is.

    但我不能說我知道它是什麼。

  • Dan: First our quiz question.

    丹:首先是我們的問答題。

  • When was the Bitcoin crypto-currency first created?

    比特幣加密貨幣最早是什麼時候誕生的?

  • Is it a) 2004

    是a) 2004年

  • b) 2009 or c) 2013

    b) 2009年或c) 2013年

  • Neil: Well, I think 2004 may have been a little early,

    尼爾:嗯,我覺得2004年可能有點早。

  • and I think 2013 could be a little late,

    而我認為2013年可能會晚一點。

  • so the smart money's on 2009.

    所以聰明的錢在2009年。

  • Dan: We'll see if you're right later on in the show.

    丹:等會兒節目中我們就知道你說的對不對了。

  • SoBitcoin, what do you know about it?

    那麼......比特幣,你對它瞭解多少?

  • Neil: Well, I know it's a digital currency

    我知道這是一種數字貨幣...

  • so presumably you can use it online to buy things?

    所以大概可以用它在網上買東西?

  • Dan: You are right on the money,

    丹:你說的很對。

  • which means correct,

    這意味著正確。

  • both times.

    兩次。

  • Bitcoin is just like any other currency

    比特幣就像其他貨幣一樣

  • except for two things.

    除了兩件事。

  • First, it's not printed by governments or banks,

    首先,它不是政府或銀行印的。

  • which means that it's not legal tender.

    這意味著它不是法定貨幣。

  • Neil: Legal tender means the official money that

    尼爾:法定貨幣指的是官方的貨幣,即

  • can be used within a country.

    可以在一個國家內使用。

  • So that means we can't use it to

    所以,這意味著我們不能用它來。

  • pay taxes or settle debts, right?

    交稅或還債,對吧?

  • Dan: Exactly.

    丹:沒錯。

  • Governments won't recognise it as an official currency,

    各國政府不會承認它是一種官方貨幣。

  • although it acts just like one.

    雖然它的行為就像一個。

  • You can use it to buy items

    你可以用它來購買物品

  • from anyone who will accept it,

    從任何願意接受它的人。

  • and its value fluctuates.

    而其價值也會有所波動。

  • Neil: Fluctuates means changes in level or amount.

    尼爾:Fluctuates是指水準或數量的變化。

  • And what's the second thing?

    第二件事是什麼呢?

  • Dan: The second thing is that bitcoin is a

    丹:第二件事是,比特幣是一個。

  • digital currency, meaning

    數字貨幣

  • that with the exception of a few tokens,

    那除了一些代幣。

  • it largely exists online only.

    它基本上只存在於網上。

  • You can't carry a load of bitcoins around in your pocket!

    你不能把一大堆比特幣裝在口袋裡!

  • Neil: Well, that makes a nice

    嗯,這是個不錯的...

  • change!

    變化

  • Dan: Oh dear, Neil. Was that a money pun? Terrible!

    哦,親愛的,尼爾。那是個雙關語嗎?太可怕了!

  • Neil: So if it's a digital only currency,

    尼爾:所以,如果是隻用數字貨幣。

  • where do new ones come from?

    新的從何而來?

  • Can't I just say that I've got a million of them and

    我就不能說我有一百萬個人,而且。

  • make myself rich!?

    讓自己發財!?

  • Dan: Well, no. You see,

    丹:嗯,沒有。你看。

  • even though Bitcoin is not regulated by a bank

    儘管比特幣不受銀行監管

  • or government, it still has a process

    或政府,它仍然有一個過程

  • that stops people from cheating.

    阻止人們作弊的。

  • There are only two ways to get bitcoins.

    獲取比特幣只有兩種方式。

  • You either trade them from someone,

    你要麼從別人那裡交易。

  • or you go mining.

    或者你去採礦。

  • Neil: Oh wait, I've heard about this.

    尼爾:哦,等等,我聽說過這件事。

  • This is when you use your computer to run calculations

    這時你可以用電腦進行計算。

  • which verify other Bitcoin transactions.

    其中驗證其他比特幣交易。

  • You get rewarded for this 'work' by earning bitcoins.

    你通過賺取比特幣來獲得這個 "工作 "的回報。

  • Dan: Yep! It's money for old rope,

    丹:是的!這是買舊繩子的錢。

  • which means it's an easy way to earn money.

    這意味著這是一種輕鬆的賺錢方式。

  • Neil: Wow! I'm going to start mining immediately!

    哇哦!我馬上要開始挖礦了!

  • Dan: Well, you wouldn't be the only one!

    丹:嗯,你不會是唯一的一個!

  • Bitcoin's value has recently gone up quite a lot

    比特幣的價值最近上漲了不少

  • and this has caused a lot of interest.

    而這也引起了很多人的興趣。

  • In fact, one stock exchange in Chicago

    事實上,芝加哥的一個證券交易所

  • has begun trading in Bitcoin futures contracts.

    已經開始交易比特幣期貨合約。

  • Neil: A futures contract? What's that?

    尼爾:期貨合約?那是什麼?

  • Dan: I'll let BBC correspondent

    丹:我會讓BBC記者

  • Rory Cellan-Jones explain that.

    Rory Cellan-Jones解釋道。

  • The futures contract,

    期貨合約。

  • a bet on where the currency will be a month from now,

    押注一個月後貨幣的走勢。

  • soared above 18,000 dollars.

    飆升至18000美元以上。

  • That means investors believe Bitcoin,

    這意味著投資者相信比特幣。

  • which started the year worth under 1000 dollars

    價值不到1000美元的年終獎

  • will continue to rise in value, albeit at a slower rate.

    將繼續升值,儘管速度較慢。

  • But at the big banks there's still plenty of scepticism

    但在大銀行,還是有很多懷疑的聲音的

  • about the currency.

    關於貨幣。

  • Neil: Soared in this context means

    尼爾:在這裡,飆升的意思是

  • increased very quickly.

    增加得非常快。

  • So, now big investors are betting on the value of Bitcoin

    所以,現在大的投資者都在押注比特幣的價值。

  • in the future.

    在未來。

  • Dan: Yes. But he also mentioned that the banks

    丹:是的。但他也提到,銀行

  • have a lot of scepticism.

    有很多的懷疑。

  • That's a doubt that something is real or true.

    這是對某件事情是真實存在的懷疑。

  • In this case, whether Bitcoin is reliable or not.

    在這種情況下,比特幣是否可靠。

  • Neil: Maybe it's best I don't get involved then.

    尼爾:也許我最好不要參與,那麼。

  • After all, a fool and his money are soon parted.

    畢竟,傻子和他的錢很快就會分開。

  • Dan: Well, you don't have to be sceptical about

    丹:好吧,你不必對這個問題持懷疑態度。

  • the answer to our quiz.

    我們測驗的答案。

  • We know that for a fact.

    我們知道這是一個事實。

  • I asked you when the Bitcoin crypto-currency

    我問你,比特幣加密貨幣什麼時候?

  • was first created.

    創立之初。

  • a) 2004

    a) 2004

  • b) 2009 or c) 2013

    b) 2009年或c) 2013年

  • Neil: And I said 2009.

    尼爾:而且我說的是2009年。

  • Dan: And you were right! Well done.

    丹:而且你是對的!幹得好。

  • Shall we go over the vocabulary again?

    我們再來複習一下詞彙吧?

  • Neil: First we had currency.

    尼爾:首先我們有貨幣。

  • That's the money being used

    這就是錢的用途

  • in a given country at a certain time.

    在某一時期,在某一國家。

  • Name three currencies and their countries, Dan.

    說出三種貨幣及其國家,丹。

  • Dan: OK.

    然後:好的。

  • Baht for Thailand. Rupee for India

    泰銖代表泰國。盧比代表印度

  • and my favourite,

    還有我最喜歡的。

  • Metical for Mozambique.

    為莫三鼻克提供服務。

  • Next we had cryptic.

    接下來我們有了隱祕的。

  • Something which is cryptic is mysterious

    隱祕的東西就是神祕的

  • or difficult to understand.

    或難以理解。

  • For example, what do rich people need,

    比如說,有錢人需要什麼。

  • poor people have and if you eat it, you die?

    窮人有,吃了就會死?

  • Neil: A cryptic riddle indeed! I'll have to think about that.

    尼爾:確實是一個神祕的謎語!我得好好想想。

  • Then we had legal tender,

    然後我們有了法定貨幣。

  • that's the official money

    官錢

  • that can be used within a country.

    可以在一個國家內使用的。

  • The Euro is legal tender within Spain,

    歐元在西班牙是法定貨幣。

  • but what was the legal tender before that?

    但在此之前的法定貨幣是什麼?

  • Dan: Wasn't it the Peseta?

    丹:是不是佩塞塔?

  • Then we had fluctuates.

    然後我們有波動。

  • If something fluctuates, it changes in amount or level.

    如果某件事情發生波動,它的數量或水準就會發生變化。

  • The stock market fluctuates.

    股市的波動。

  • Neil: But my love for my family never does.

    尼爾:但我對家人的愛永遠不會變。

  • Then we had soared,

    然後,我們已經飛了起來。

  • which means increased very quickly.

    這意味著增加得非常快。

  • It's used with this meaning in the context of money,

    用在錢的上下文中就是這個意思。

  • prices and statistics.

    價格和統計數據。

  • Dan: Finally, we had scepticism.

    丹:最後,我們有了懷疑論。

  • Scepticism is doubt that something is real or true.

    懷疑主義是對某件事情的真實性或真實性的懷疑。

  • What sort of things are people sceptical about, Neil?

    人們對什麼樣的事情持懷疑態度,尼爾?

  • Neil: Some people think that human activity

    尼爾:有些人認為,人類活動

  • hasn't caused climate change.

    沒有造成氣候變化。

  • They are sceptical.

    他們是持懷疑態度的。

  • Dan: And that brings us to the end of today's

    丹:今天的節目到此結束。

  • 6 Minute English.

    六分鐘的英語。

  • Don't forget to check out our Youtube,

    不要忘記查看我們的Youtube。

  • Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages,

    Facebook、Twitter和Instagram頁面。

  • and we'll see you next time. Goodbye.

    我們下次再見再見。

  • Neil: Goodbye

    再見了

Dan: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English.

丹:你好,歡迎來到6分鐘英語。

字幕與單字
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六分鐘學會用英文談論數位貨幣 (Learn to talk about digital currency in 6 minutes)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 01 月 08 日
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