字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hi. James from engVid. Do you ever notice how you don't always understand what English people are saying? It's like the words are kind of together? Well, I'm going to tell you a secret: You're right. It's called relaxed sple... Spleech? Speech, or blended speech. See, I put spleech together? And it just makes sense. And I'm going to get to that in a second, and I'm going to give you a visual so you can understand where we're going. Notice E is relaxed, he's not really trying hard. When you're speaking your natural language you don't want to try hard all the time. Right? So I actually use another one: "wanna", which I'm not going to talk about today. But we're going to get there. Right? We're going to get to the board and take a look at what I want to teach you. It's how to sound like a native speaker, but also how to understand a native speaker. Okay? Because we do this blending or relaxed speech quite regularly. All right? So it's actually almost more normal... A more normal part of our language. So what is relaxed speech? Well, relaxed speech happens when a native speaker... Speakers-sorry-change sounds or drop letters or syllables when they are speaking fast for things they say a lot. I'll give you an example. Nobody wants to say: "Do you want to go to the movie tonight?" So we say: "Do you wanna go to the movie?" For you, you're like: "What happened?" Well, we dropped the "t"-okay?-and we combined "want" and "to". We even change the "o" to an "a" to make it easier, so: "You wanna go?" For you, you're thinking: "Youwannago", that's a new English word: "youwannago". And it's like: No, it's not. It's "wanna" as in "want to go". Another one is: "See ya". In "see ya" we change and we drop the ending here, we put: "See", and "you" becomes "ya": "See ya later". No one says: "See you later." It sounds weird when I even say it to myself. "See you later. Bye." But: "See ya later" rolls off the mouth. It's because both of these things we say at least 10, 20, 30 times a day, so we change it, we make it relaxed to make it comfortable like E. Okay? Problem for you is you go to school or you're reading a book and it says: "Do you want to", "Did you ever", no one speaks like that but you, so today we're going to change that. Okay? So I'm going to teach you, as I said, how to understand it when it's said to you, but also how to get it out. Warning: Please use the books first or, you know, listen to... We have other videos on pronunciation, use those first. You have to master the base sounds first. You have to be able to say: "Do you want to", because what you don't understand is when I say: "Do you want", when I change it to: "Do you wanna", I almost say that "t", so I have to have practice saying the proper sound before I can drop it. Got it? It's like you got to practice a lot before you can play well. Okay. So, once you've got that down and you start using this, people will go: "Hey, man, where are you from? Because I hear some accent but I really can't tell. Do you want to tell me?" And I say... I did it again. "Do you want to tell me?" You're like: "Woo, no. It's my secret, engVid." Okay, anyway, so today what I want to work on specifically is "do" and "did". Okay? Because there are a few things we say, and there are what I call sound patterns for the relaxed speech that you can learn to identify what people are saying to you. Okay? So I'm going to come over here and I want you to take a look. "Do" or "Did", and here's the relaxed version of it. When we're done this we're going to have a little practice session because with pronunciation it's important you actually practice it, not you take the lesson, you go: "Thanks, James, you taught me and now I know." You actually have to go through it. So the first one we want to do is this one: "Do you want to", easy enough. Right? "Do you want to go to dinner? Do you want to have a friend over? Do you want to have pizza?" When we actually say it, what happens is there are two cases here. In the first case: "do" or "d" changes to a "ja", "ja" sound. And it comes: "Jawanna", so this is gone, the "d" is gone, we changed it to a "j". And remember what we talked about with "wanna"? The t's gone so it becomes: "Jawanna". Now, sometimes we go a step even further, we're so lazy we don't even say the "ja", we just say: "Yawanna", and we go to this: "Yawanna do something? Yawanna go to the movies?" Instead of: "Jawanna go to the movies?" So, "wanna" is an important part, but listen for "ja" or "ya", "ya", "ja" or "ya", same meaning though. "Jawanna go to the movies? Yawanna go to the movies?" Blended speech. Cool? All right, that's the first one. Next one, have you ever seen this lesson before? "I don't know. I dunno." I'm not Jamaican, in case you're going: "It's Jamaican" or another language group. "Don't know" becomes "Dunno". "t" is dropped. Now, before you guys go: "And you dropped the 'k'! You dropped the 'k'". I don't drop the "k". The "k", as you can see here, is not voiced. We never say: "k-now", "Do you k-now what I'm talking about?" It's silent. So when I'm writing it I'm just showing it here that it sounds... "Know" and "no" sound the exact same. They drop the "t", push it together and it's: "I dunno." So: -"Do you know where John is?" -"I dunno." -"Is Mr. E drinking again?" -"I dunno." Right? So: "dunno". So, "dunno" is actually a word or two words. Okay? And you can see here: "Do not know" becomes: "Don't know" to "Dunno". "Did you eat yet?" Why did you write that one? If you're not from planet Earth, understand, you're correct. Why would I write that? If you're from planet Earth, everybody's mother asks you at least once a day: "Did you eat yet? Did you eat yet? Have you eaten yet? Did you eat yet?" All right? Well, half the time because it's three meals a day minimum that we have, and maybe you're standing with your friend, he's going to go: "J'eat yet? J'eat yet?" J'eat? What is "j'eat"? It's like a type of food? No. It's... Remember up here I told you how the "j", the "d" changes to a "j", notice that there's a pattern here: "d" changes to a "j". Ooo. Someone says: "Hey. Hey, man. J'eat yet? J'eat yet?" Sometimes it's even "jet". I had a hard time. Okay, look, I got to be honest, sometimes when you're doing a lesson you learn stuff that you didn't know that you said. "J'eat yet?" It's like: "What? That sounds crazy." But people say it really fast: "D'eat yet?" When you say: "J'eat yet? Jet?" I can't even say it. Okay? Sometimes it sounds like a "j" sound. It'll sound like a "j" sound to you. Okay? "J'eat yet", "jet". "J'eat yet" is more common. Sometimes it sounds like that, but I'm not even going to do it. I'm embarrassing myself, okay? And I speak quickly. Okay? But every once in a while that will come out instead of even "yet", it just gets blended so much it disappears.