B1 中級 美國腔 105 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
HEFFNER: I'm Alexander Heffner, your host on The Open Mind.
New York values.
Bernie Sanders, the Brooklynite.
Queens native Donald Trump,
and of course, Hillary Clinton,
who adopted Westchester as her New York residence.
Our Presidential contenders this year hail
from the Big Apple and the Empire State,
so naturally, what about the Bronx,
we ask our guest today.
A professional clarinetist turned award-winning
writer and photographer, Arlene Alda is the author
of Just Kids from the Bronx: Telling it the Way it Was.
A chronicler of Bronx tales from the Mayflower
to the New York Yankees, Alda collects oral
histories of Bronx heritage,
from Hollywood legends to dignitaries,
among them Al Pacino, Colin Powell,
and Neil deGrasse Tyson.
Alda dedicates her testimony to the future
leaders of the Borough and to the memory of her
parents, who she says had the good sense to move to
the Bronx in the first place.
Arlene, a pleasure to meet you.
ALDA: Oh, thank you.
Pleasure to be here, Alexander.
HEFFNER: Let's start from that.
New York values.
ALDA: You know, and one of things that I learned in
interviewing 64 different people who hailed from the
Bronx who, who kind of made names for themselves
is that, um, everyone agreed that there's
something about the Bronx where you're down to
Earth, that there are… You,
you are who you are, you say it like it is.
So, I would say that was, that's one of the Bronx
values, truth, honesty, down to the Earth-ness.
HEFFNER: Authenticity.
ALDA: Authenticity. Yeah.
HEFFNER: And what spoke to you most in compiling
these anecdotes, these… this treasure trove
of oral history.
ALDA: I started in a very random fashion.
I started interviewing people I knew,
basically, just to see what there was that might
be interesting to others.
So, I interviewed Regis Philbin,
um, Neil deGrasse Tyson, Carl Reiner,
um, Martin Bregman, producer of Al Pacino's
movies, Al Pacino, uh, someone called
David Yarnell, also a producer, documentarian.
These are the people I feel very comfortable
talking to initially, and when they told me,
in conversation, stories about growing up,
I felt there was a treasure trove,
treasure trove here of, of what it's like to grow up
in what is called an outer Borough,
uh, at a particular time.
HEFFNER: What was the time?
ALDA: …After, after that particular time,
which was… Would have been in the 30s and 40s and 50s,
uh, I also knew that there was a whole part
the Bronx story that wasn't told,
and that had to do with the people who grew up in
the 50s, 60s, 70s, 80s, 90s.
So, the book expanded from people in their,
now in their 80s, 70s, 60s,
50s, to people in their 40s,
30s, and 20s, and that shift really created,
for me, a very interesting kind of a mosaic,
a kaleidoscope of, of what,
what the people were like and what the borough was
like when they were, when these people were growing up.
So, for instance, Carl Reiner,
who is now 94, just turned 94,
grew up at a very innocent time,
in an ethnic community that was both,
uh, Jewish and Italian.
Very, very similar to, to my background,
in a way, 'cause I grew up in a neighborhood that
was Jewish and Italian.
At one point, the Borough of the Bronx was
60 percent Jewish, with the other e… Ethnic groups
being Italian, Irish, German,
Polish, a little bit of Asian,
a little bit of African American,
a little bit of Hispanic, and over the years,
that has shifted, but what hasn't shifted,
in my opinion, is the fact that the Bronx has always
been a borough welcoming immigrants,
and a borough where the working class person was
striving, is striving to make a better life for
themselves and their kids.
HEFFNER: How you see it now really depends on
where you are in the Bronx,
but I wonder if you reflect on then and now,
the Bronx as a pioneering borough of educators,
what was it like then?
ALDA: The school was the place where the lofty
ideals were set forth, where the mix of ethnic
groups happened, where the mix of economic groups
happened, so that… You could… You might say that
that's really the democratic cauldron
right in the schools.
Um, the, the tragedy of what has happened
with the public school system is that it,
it, for whatever reasons, and you could name,
I guess, a, a lot of different factors,
but whatever those reasons and factors are,
the, the, that, the tragedy of schools being
dysfunctional has… That has repercussions beyond
what it seems to have, because that sense of,
uh, being prepared for the world,
that sense of meeting others and understanding,
um, that it's not just you and your ethnic group,
the, the… Learning as, as a goal in life,
um, not just as a way of passing time,
all those, all the wonderful things we were
taught, um, somehow got tossed out,
but the hope is, and it's, I,
I see it now, the school system certainly is much,
much better, in many ways now,
than it certainly was in the 80s and 90s,
and, uh, I see tremendous teaching going on in the schools.
I like to visit…
HEFFNER: Do you see a rebirth?
ALDA: Well, yes.
I absolutely do, and I think, um,
the competition of the charter schools is a good competition.
Uh, at first I was kind of on the fence about it,
and having seen a number of charter schools in
action, um, I'm all for the good ones.
Um, and the good… There are great teachers out
there, teachers who devote their lives to,
uh, bringing out the fullest potential of each kid. So…
HEFFNER: I think you evoked the portrait of a
failing school system by describing the virtue of a
successful one, and what I mean by that is diversity
was the great promise.
It's what fertilized the American Dream,
and I wonder how this feeds into the narratives
and oral histories of some of the people we've talked
about, because the… I think the failure,
at least in part, can be attributed to the very
methodical self-segregation of
communities, the lack of diversity and the lack
for wanting a kind of great American story,
uh, for every ethnic stripe.
ALDA: I grew up at the time of the so-called
melting pot, and that melting pot meant that,
uh, you come from whatever country you come from,
when you come to America, you're in this big
cauldron, and you come out American,
because you speak English, you go to a school where
English is, uh, is, uh, predom… [LAUGHS] the,
the language and you learn the American way.
Well, that had failures as well.
HEFFNER: Mm-hmm.
ALDA: But, uh, the issues today are quite…
They're very challenging.
You know, uh, the economic issues are very challenging.
In my family, we were, I would say,
working class, but not poor.
Uh, as a whole neighborhood,
I don't know anyone who was,
you could categorize as being poor.
Uh, uh, Luis Ubinas, who, just to cite one of the
people I interviewed, um, Puerto Rican descent,
grew up in the Bronx in the 80s and 90s.
He describes poverty in a way that was… brought
tears to my eyes.
I had never either experienced it firsthand
or heard about it with a, a kind of a dispassionate
detail that he was able to,
to describe.
Talking about the insufficiency that was
always there, that if one day you had heat in your
apartment or, or food on the table,
the specter of that insufficiency was always
there, and oddly enough, and wonderfully enough,
this young boy was saved by a wonderful teacher
who recognized that this kid, in the fourth grade,
read on the twelfth grade level and that the
schools, the school was not doing him any,
any big favors by keeping him there.
Uh, so they wanted to skip him to the sixth grade
from the fourth grade, and,
you know, from a nine-year-old to a,
uh, to a class where there are twelve-year-olds or
whatever and some kids who were left back
who are thirteen and fourteen, that,
that was totally, uh, awful,
but that's the way it was handled.
The teacher took him by the hand,
went down the subway, took him to interview at,
uh, three private schools in Manhattan and he got
into all three and, and the kid chose one,
the Allen-Stevenson school,
and then he went on scholarship,
also at the Allen-Stevenson school,
to Cathedral High, uh, Harvard University.
Harvard Business School.
Became a very successful businessman,
and then the, the topper of it,
which I love more than anything else,
is he became head of the Ford Foundation,
which is a foundation that gives out millions
of dollars to, uh, worthy organizations for their,
uh, for the, the good deeds that they do.
So, here's this very, very poor boy,
who but for the, the attention of a caring
teacher, we don't know what that trajectory would be,
but in his own words, he describes how the
horizon for a kid in a good school is limitless,
whereas the horizon for a kid in a dysfunctional
school stops at the school door.
Uh, it's, it's quite different view of life
and, um, we can only hope that the horizon for the
kids in the Bronx is now that distant one where you
can see that you can go on to,
to fulfill your potential.
HEFFNER: We were talking a bit off camera.
The objective of gentrification,
uh, sometimes gets in the way of learning English.
You know, that we… I think,
in some sense, the progressive teaching of
diversity in 2016, uh, lacks that connection to
the American Dream, that, like you said,
you learn English.
How do you see gentrification today in the Bronx?
Um, do you see an inclusiveness that is
still together a unified Bronx story?
And let's get back to those Bronx values,
you, you said they're gonna,
they're, they're gonna tell you straight—and
I know people who will testify to that,
if you're from the Bronx.
ALDA: [LAUGHS]
HEFFNER: But in the context of this
political season, I do want you to weigh in on
the disparate values systems,
or lack thereof, in some of our New Yorker candidates.
ALDA: Oh wow. [LAUGHS]
HEFFNER: Let's, let's start with the gentrification…
ALDA: Big, big question.
HEFFNER: Let's, let's start with…
ALDA: Gentrification. Okay.
HEFFNER: How do you see gentrification
in the Bronx today?
ALDA: Okay.
Uh, now, I'm a total amateur when it comes to
uh, this, but this is,
uh, what I glean: there are wonderful things that
are being done in various neighborhoods to be able
to bring more business in, to make more affordable
housing, and to, uh, make it a comfortable place
for families to live, for artists to come and work.
Um, there's also such a thing as,
uh, the Bronx River, which,
uh, is, you don't often think of a river,
in terms of gentrification,
but the river, when I was a kid,
was not this idyllic, beautiful that went,
uh, you know, north-south.
It was a muddy mess with garbage in it,
so things have, and in many ways,
have gotten better.
The Bronx River Alliance, for instance,
has gentrified the river.
It… people go there to, to relax.
There's kayaking.
There's fishing.
I, I don't think there's swimming,
but, um, it's a different river than when I was a kid.
The South Bronx has a lot of old factories
that are on waterfront.
There's a lot of waterfront in the Bronx
that is undeveloped.
Uh, it's derelict.
There's, there's, um, and I know that
in the South Bronx, there is a big development,
uh, in place for, uh, both market value housing
and affordable housing, and I think they,
the community now has a voice,
whereas in the past, for instance,
when the Cross Bronx Expressway was,
uh, uh, put through in the 60s,
and it split parts of the Bronx into two pieces,
there was no community…
HEFFNER: You say…
ALDA: Involvement.
HEFFNER: They have a voice because
of the rise of progressive populism today?
ALDA: Well, I think they've all…
Always tried to have a voice,
but I think the reception for the voice is there now.
Um, uh, the populism that we see in terms of this,
the current, um, primary season is extraordinary,
from my point of view, because it's,
it's one day it's this, the next day it's that,
and, um, I'm reeling from the,
um, what has happened, um…
HEFFNER: This will…
ALDA: And of course as a Bronxite…
HEFFNER: Yes.
ALDA: I was brought up as a liberal democrat,
I'm proud to say, and I still,
to this day, am a liberal democrat,
although, uh, I listen to reason,
uh, very clearly and I choose,
uh, very carefully, but I'm very proud to use
the word “liberal,” although they've changed
it to “progressive now.”
HEFFNER: [LAUGHS]
ALDA: [LAUGHS]
HEFFNER: We recently had on our program Michael Lynch,
the author of a book The Internet of Us,
and I think he encapsulated in his theory about Donald Trump
and by the time this airs he may wholly
be irrelevant with the implosion that has long doomed him… Uh,
supposedly, right?
But we, we discuss the peril of having a,
a political officeholder, someone seeking a highest
office in the land, who lacks a values system,
because really you think for someone with
conviction, well they have a set of values.
You think of someone with humility,
they are willing to learn.
When you lack conviction and humility,
that means you really have no value system and it,
it, it was growing up in the Bronx that
I think instilled a certain core values
system in you and a lot of the people you write about in the book,
so I, I, I throw this question back to you
and because I'm eager to hear your thoughts on the,
the nature of, of, of New Yorkers,
uh, and New York's primary is actually coveted this cycle.
Uh, we don't know who will win but,
how do you explain the New Yorker,
uh, the carpet-bagging New Yorker of Hilary Clinton,
right, but the, the, the genuine New Yorkers,
the folks who grew up here,
Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders,
what say you, Arlene, about their,
their youth, and, and the way they speak to values?
Do they comport with the Bronx or no?
ALDA: Well, you're talking about two different
people, one from Queens and one from Brooklyn…
HEFFNER: And what does that say?
[LAUGHS] ALDA: And, and, uh…
HEFFNER: What's the difference?
ALDA: But, but… Brooklyn is very similar,
or was very similar to the Bronx,
so, I can understand where Bernie Sanders
is coming from, uh, clearly.
I, I would disagree with you about Donald Trump
not having values.
I don't think that's so.
I think, um, he's a businessman,
and he, he values the, the talk of, uh, deals.
HEFFNER: [LAUGHS]
ALDA: I mean, he constantly talks about deals.
Whether or not that's appropriate or training for being…
HEFFNER: [LAUGHS]
ALDA: President of the United States is up for argument,
but, but I, I think he does have a values system.
I don't happen to agree with it,
uh, I don't happen to agree with his style,
nor do I agree with Bernie Sanders' style,
who says a lot of things, and I agree with Hilary:
tell me how you're going to implement these things.
We agree that banks did egregious things,
uh, during the last recession,
and they're still doing them.
How are you going to deal with that?
It's one thing to, to identify the problem.
It's another thing to promise people things you
cannot… You're, that are not in your control.
So, um, in, in many ways, I,
um… It, it's a political season,
and from my taste, Hilary is the one who's the…
Not only the most, uh, um, uh, the most,
um, uh, qualified for the job,
but the one who's telling the most down to Earth things.
She, you, you mention any issue,
she knows that issue, and she knows it from a very
practical point of view.
HEFFNER: Let's talk a little bit more in the
time we have remaining about this,
because we will… We'll have to agree to disagree
on that Trump point.
ALDA: Of course.
HEFFNER: But in the same way that
we talk about the Bronx's revival, I think the people the Bronx
probably associate with, the Brooklynite,
as you said, there's some commonality in origin,
but the fact that Park Avenue and Wall Street
haven't touched the lives of the great preponderance
of people in the Bronx, at least not yet,
and I think Bernie Sanders and his,
and, and Donald Trump too, in his own way,
has channeled this populism,
they're wondering, in our lifetimes,
or in our children's grandchildren's lifetimes,
will the support system that exists in Park Avenue
and Wall Street, will that ever trickle into
the Bronx, so that the Bronx is the golden age
of everything we, everything we aspire for?
ALDA: Um… Trickle down… You use… It's interesting…
HEFFNER: I use the term.
ALDA: That you use the term, because that was…
HEFFNER: Because it never worked.
It never worked.
ALDA: It never worked.
HEFFNER: We, we've been…
ALDA: We, Ronald Reagan…
HEFFNER: It's, it's… ALDA: I became aware of that
mostly through Ronald Reagan, because I'm not an economist.
HEFFNER: Right.
ALDA: But he did use, you know,
that administration did use those terms
and it did not work. Uh, the trickle down, uh, if you make it good for
the guy on top, it's not gonna come down to the
working guy on the bottom.
It just doesn't work that way.
Um, why it doesn't work that way,
I don't really know, but it,
in practical terms, I've seen that it doesn't work
that way, and I've seen bubbles…
HEFFNER: But, uh…Yeah. ALDA: Arise.
HEFFNER: But go… Going back to this idea of
having a level playing field…
ALDA: Yes.
HEFFNER: Like you said.
A chance, right?
Do you think the people of the Bronx have a chance today?
ALDA: Well, I think, you know,
the job, jobs are what, uh,
we're talking about.
Work, so that, um, one can put food on the table, and, um…
HEFFNER: …Because contrary to what you
describe as the climate then,
you can't be middle class, you can't be working,
without being poor today.
ALDA: Yeah.
HEFFNER: …In so many instances.
ALDA: Yeah.
It's, it's a very complex problem,
and I'm, I'm afraid that I'm really not qualified.
[LAUGHS] To, uh, to answer it.
My hope is that the, the poorest borough now,
the Bronx, uh, will have enough economic
development so that, uh, it will bring,
somehow, bring the, the basic level standard of
living up, that the schools will be as good as
they can be, and we see good,
good evidence of that now.
Um, uh, beyond that, I, you know,
I really don't know.
HEFFNER: And I have to ask you before,
uh, photography is being employed in a way to lift
up the livelihoods of communities.
How do you foresee the art,
um, the art that you produce,
the art that hangs in museums,
how do you foresee that having the maximum impact
on youngsters today?
ALDA: You know, art has, has always been,
uh, a way of, um, not just communicating,
but specifically telling stories.
You know, when you think, think of the medieval
times, when everyone was, um,
most everyone was illiterate,
before the printing press, the,
the works of art were, that were shown,
were stories, Biblical stories.
People learned the Bible from looking at art,
and as the centuries have, have,
uh, uh, moved on, art has always been a way of,
of, telling stories.
It, it also has the wonderful,
um, power to inspire, and, um,
I think that when kids are involved in art,
it is a way of, of touching a part of them
that no, uh, amount of reading or writing can
ever, ever touch.
Reading and writing are fundamental, but…
HEFFNER: …That's right.
ALDA: …Art is for the soul,
and when a kid gets involved with art,
there's an uplifting, uh, quality to it that you
can't describe, and I can only describe it because
I've been fortunate to, to have been involved
and be involved in art.
HEFFNER: My alma mater high school,
Andover, has the Addison Gallery of Art,
which is quite spectacular.
I thank my teachers, I thank,
thank Ansel Adams for all the photos that hang there.
ALDA: Oh. Oh great.
HEFFNER: And I thank you, Arlene Alda
for joining us today on the show.
ALDA: Thank you so much, Alexander.
HEFFNER: And thanks to you in the audience.
I hope you join us again next time for a thoughtful
excursion in to the world of the ideas.
Until then, keep an open mind.
Please visit The Open Mind website at
thirteen.org/openmind to view this program online
or to access over 1,500 other interviews,
and do check us out on Twitter and Facebook
@OpenMindTV for updates on future programming.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

開放的心態:紐約的價值觀 (The Open Mind: New York Values - Arlene Alda)

105 分類 收藏
Hhart Budha 發佈於 2018 年 1 月 7 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔