Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • My name is Tom Chi.

    我叫紀良育 (Tom Chi)

  • I spent two years of my life

    我花了兩年的人生

  • building the user experience team

    建立了使用者經驗團隊

  • for the Google X division of Google,

    屬於 Google 的 Google X 部門

  • and it's a place I affectionately call

    這個地方,被我多情的稱為

  • the Department of Science Fiction

    科幻部門

  • because of the futuristic nature

    因為我們接手的案子

  • of the types of projects we took on:

    都是一些未來科技:

  • self-driving cars,

    自動駕駛的汽車、

  • Google Glass,

    Google 眼鏡、

  • and other things that you'll see soon enough.

    還有其他你們很快就會見到的東西

  • So, for those who haven't heard of this project,

    如果有人沒聽過這個專案

  • this is what Google Glass looks like.

    這就是 Google 眼鏡的樣子

  • It allows you to overlay digital things into your eye sight

    它把一層數位資訊 加在你的視覺影像上

  • while still maintaining being part of the world.

    同時讓你繼續保持現實世界

  • So, if I, you know, were to pull out my cell phone

    如果我拿出手機

  • and look into it, I'm basically out of this world now,

    看著它,基本上我就不在這世界了

  • like, I'm in my own little cell phone-tablet world, what have you.

    應該說,我就置身在手機的世界了

  • But, Google Glass has the vision of allowing us

    但是 Google 眼鏡的理念是

  • to continue to be in the world

    讓我們置身世界的同時

  • but also have access to the digital things that we need and love.

    也能得到我們需要和喜愛的數位資訊

  • Now, I am going to ask you a real simple question about Google Glass:

    關於 Google 眼鏡 我要問你們一個很簡單的問題:

  • how would you prototype this experience?

    要如何設計出這種經驗?

  • How long do you think it would take you

    你覺得要花多少時間

  • to make the first working version of the headset display?

    才能做出頭戴式顯示器的 第一個可用版本?

  • Okay, a little bit on the long side.

    好,有點久

  • The answer is one day.

    答案是:一天

  • And here's what it looked like.

    它看起來是這樣

  • So, basically the magic piece is the coat hanger.

    基本上,其中最奇妙的部份是衣架 (原型法則一:找最快能體驗的方法)

  • The coat hanger, I bent it in a specific shape

    我把它折彎成特殊的形狀 (原型法則一:找最快能體驗的方法)

  • and the top loop goes around your neck

    讓上面的勾勾繞過你的脖子

  • and then the bottom loop rests against your chest

    下面的勾勾靠在你的胸口

  • and it allows me to carry a piece of plexiglass

    這讓我可以帶著一塊壓克力板

  • on with a little sheet protector.

    和一個透明資料袋

  • So these are the things you put your book reports in

    就是你用來裝讀書報告

  • so they don't get wet,

    讓報告不會弄濕的東西

  • I literally got at the drug store.

    我其實是在雜貨店買的

  • You know, have it out at the end of the plexiglass

    把資料袋裝在壓克力板的末端

  • and then it gets projected onto with the pico projector

    微型投影機就會投影在上面

  • that's connected to a Netbook.

    畫面則來自小筆電

  • And using this set-up, within one day

    用這個原型,不到一天

  • we're already able to start having the experience

    我們就已經可以開始體驗

  • of what it looks like to have digital things

    將數位資訊

  • overlaid on your physical world,

    疊影到真實世界的感覺

  • be able to move around with it,

    可以戴著四處跑

  • and also use the Netbook to try out

    然後用小筆電

  • tons and tons of different ideas around software.

    大量試驗關於軟體的各種想法

  • Now, after you start getting something like that working,

    當你得到這樣一個原型後

  • you know, a really important problem comes up,

    一個非常重要的問題出現了

  • like you're wearing this thing on your head,

    想像你把這東西戴在頭上

  • it's like a pair of glasses,

    它就像一副眼鏡

  • so you don't have a mouse or a keyboard or a touchscreen,

    沒有滑鼠、鍵盤、或觸控螢幕

  • all the ways you are used to interacting with a machine.

    這些你原本用來跟機器互動的工具

  • So, we thought for a second,

    所以,我們想了一下

  • well, maybe we could do something

    好吧,也許我們可以做出

  • like, you know, what was shown in Minority Report.

    像《關鍵報告》裡的東西

  • So, for folks who haven't seen that,

    如果有人沒看過這部電影

  • basically Tom Cruise is manipulating software

    基本上就是湯姆克魯斯

  • with his hands in front of his face

    用手在面前揮動

  • and photos are flying over here

    照片就飛過來、

  • and his email is over here

    信件就飛過去

  • and so on and so forth.

    之類的

  • So I'll ask the the same question again,

    所以我想再問一次同樣的問題:

  • how long do you think it would take

    你們覺得要多久

  • to have the real experience of doing something like that?

    才能真正體驗到像這樣的東西?

  • Two years, OK.

    兩年,嗯

  • Somebody said one day.

    有人說一天

  • 45 minutes.

    45 分鐘

  • So here's how it looks.

    它像這樣

  • So you wear the thing that we saw that first time

    因為我們要能投影東西

  • because you need some way to go project things,

    所以你會戴著,我們剛看到的東西

  • but what happens is we got two hairbands,

    不同的是多了兩個髮圈

  • which I think was the hardest part we had to do,

    我認為最困難的部分

  • ask people for their hairbands.

    是叫人把髮圈交出來

  • But you put one hand in each hairband

    現在你雙手各套一個髮圈

  • and attach that hairband,

    我們在髮箍上

  • we tied a fishing line.

    綁了一條釣魚線

  • And the fishing line goes over the top of a whiteboard

    釣魚線從上面繞過白板

  • and then goes down to this little assembly

    往下接到右邊這個黏在地板上

  • that's taped to the floor.

    的小裝置

  • And what this means is

    這表示

  • every time I move my hand in any direction,

    手往任何方向移動

  • it adds tension to the line

    都會增加釣魚線的張力

  • and it does the following with the assembly on the floor.

    地上的裝置就會發生以下的事

  • So, the other end of the fishing wire is attached to a chopstick

    釣魚線的另一端,綁在一根筷子上

  • and it's not because I'm Asian,

    這不是因為我是亞洲人

  • there's just a cafeteria nearby,

    是因為旁邊剛好有自助餐廳

  • I don't just carry chopsticks on me.

    我並沒有隨身帶著筷子

  • But, I tied it to the end of a chopstick,

    接著我把線接在筷子的一端

  • I clipped it into a binder clip,

    用長尾夾把筷子夾住

  • and then put it over a pen,

    然後拿筆穿過長尾夾的尾巴

  • and basically what happens then

    接下來基本上就是

  • is when you move your arm

    當你移動手臂的時候

  • and it produces tension on the wire,

    釣魚線的張力增加

  • the chopstick comes down like a lever

    筷子另一端,就會像槓桿往下

  • and clicks a presentation clicker,

    按下遙控器

  • one hand moves the presentation forward,

    一隻手代表下一張

  • the other hand moves the presentation backwards.

    另一隻手代表上一張

  • So this was built in 45 minutes

    這在 45 分鐘內就做好了

  • and that meant shortly afterwards,

    意思是不用多久

  • we were having experiences

    我們就可以體驗那種感覺

  • like looking at an image gallery

    像是在看電子相簿

  • and saying, "next image,

    然後說:「下一張、

  • next image,

    下一張、

  • previous image,"

    上一張」

  • or looking at our emails and saying,

    或是收電子郵件,然後說:

  • "let me click into this email,

    「我要看這封信,

  • let me click reply now."

    我要回信」

  • And this was exactly the experience of what it was like

    這就是用手來

  • to go control software with your hands.

    控制軟體的感覺

  • And ultimately, what it taught us is

    最後我們體會到

  • we probably shouldn't have this in the product.

    我們可能不該在產品中 使用這種裝置

  • We learned a lot of things

    我們學到許多事情

  • about the social awkwardness of it

    一些它帶來的社交的尷尬、

  • and some of the ergonomic aspects of it

    以及它的人體工學

  • that you couldn't have figured out

    這些是單靠想像

  • ahead of just thinking about it.

    沒辦法體會到的

  • And, ergo the second prototyping rule,

    因此,原型設計的第二法則是:

  • which is "doing is the best kind of thinking."

    「動手做是最好的思考」

  • They teach you to think a lot in school,

    老師要你們常常思考

  • but I think it is a little bit overrated.

    但我覺得思考有點被高估了

  • Now last example, you know,

    在上一個例子裡

  • actually Google is not the first team

    Google 其實不是第一個

  • that's tried to go make something like this

    嘗試要做出這種東西的團隊

  • and if you search for headset display,

    如果搜尋「頭戴式顯示器」

  • you get tons of images of teams

    你會找到很多團隊的圖片

  • that have built various systems like this,

    他們做過許多類似的裝置

  • but I can tell you at a glance

    不過我可以告訴你,只要看一眼

  • that none of these pieces of hardware

    你就會發現沒有一種

  • are comfortable to wear for more than 15 minutes

    舒服到可以戴超過十五分鐘

  • except for maybe the helmet over there,

    左上角的飛行頭盔例外

  • but then you got to wear a helmet.

    不過你就要戴著頭盔到處跑

  • So, you know, how would you go figure out a way

    你要怎樣想辦法

  • to go wear something like this comfortably?

    讓這種東西戴起來很舒服?

  • The answer is really basic materials:

    答案在於很基本的材料:

  • modeling wire,

    鐵絲模型、 (法則三:容易調整的材料可加速學習)

  • paper,

    紙、 (法則三:容易調整的材料可加速學習)

  • clay,

    黏土 (法則三:容易調整的材料可加速學習)

  • and using something like this

    用這類的東西 (法則三:容易調整的材料可加速學習)

  • is able to make something look like a pair of glasses really quickly.

    可以很快做出像眼鏡的東西

  • I cut out pieces of clay that weighed

    我切一小塊黏土

  • exactly the same amount as the electronic components

    讓重量等於

  • that we were talking about putting on the device,

    所需的電子零件重量

  • wrapped it in paper so you didn't get clay on your face,

    用紙包起來,黏土才不會沾到臉

  • and then taped it to the modeling wire in various places

    再用膠帶貼在鐵絲模型的各個地方

  • to go experiment with how a pair of glasses could fit on you.

    實驗看看怎樣才能讓這副眼鏡 戴起來舒服

  • And, we discovered something really important then.

    我們發現了一件重要的事

  • Like, if you look at this drawing on the bottom,

    如果你看下方的那個圖

  • it turns out that the weight of a pair of glasses

    眼鏡讓人感受到的重量

  • is actually mostly perceived

    實際上主要取決於

  • through how much weight is on your nose.

    鼻子上的重量

  • And, it also turns out that your ears can carry

    另一結果是,耳朵能承受的重量

  • a lot more weight than your nose,

    遠比鼻子多

  • and that is a totally different experiment,

    這是另一個完全不同的實驗

  • you can ask me about that.

    想知道可以問我

  • But, because of that fact,

    不過,基於這個事實

  • if you put weight behind your ears,

    如果你把重量置於耳朵後方

  • it allows your ear to go act like the fulcrum of a lever

    耳朵就會像是槓桿的支點

  • and it then takes weight off of your nose on the front.

    可減輕前面鼻子上的重量

  • And, actually, you can try this now, anybody with glasses,

    現場戴眼鏡的人,現在就可以試試

  • if you push very gently on the back of your glasses,

    如果輕壓眼鏡後端

  • you'll find, actually your glasses feel tremendously lighter.

    你會發現,眼鏡變輕了很多

  • Now, this meant that we not only discovered

    這表示,我們不只發現了

  • something interesting about how to go,

    有趣的解決方法

  • you know, that's useful for developing a device like this,

    對發展這類裝置是很有用的

  • we actually discovered something pretty fundamental

    我們實際上還發現了眼鏡的一些

  • that never been discovered about glasses, period.

    很基本、但還沒被發現的原理

  • So, if you have really heavy glasses,

    所以,如果你有副很重的眼鏡

  • you could do this and you would be more comfortable.

    這麼做你就會覺得舒服多了

  • Now, the last point I want to make is

    最後一點我想講的是

  • about two types of learning

    關於兩種學習法

  • because through the process of rapid prototyping,

    因為透過快速原型設計的過程

  • you are able to learn very quickly.

    你可以學得很快

  • It's a very specific type of learning.

    這是一種很特別的學習法

  • The type of learning that you usually learn in school

    平常在學校的那種學習方法

  • I call book learning.

    我稱之為「書本式學習法」

  • It comes from what humanity already knows

    源自於人類已知的知識

  • and it's a necessary foundation for you guys to go and explore the world.

    也是探索世界必要的基石

  • But there is a totally different type of learning,

    但還有一種完全不同的學習法

  • which I call expansive learning,

    我稱之為「擴展式學習法」

  • and this is the learning you do on behalf of humanity.

    用這方法,你是代表人類學習

  • Right?

    對吧?

  • You are creating something new,

    你在創造新東西

  • you are expanding into the possibilities,

    你在擴展人類的可能性

  • and you're building the sphere of human knowledge in that process.

    過程中,你擴大了人類知識的圈圈

  • And, we think about these things and as soon as you hear

    當你聽到一些像是

  • like, ok, the infinite realm of possibilities

    無限的可能性

  • beyond the sphere of human knowledge,

    超越人類知識的範圍

  • you might be thinking there's the scientists

    你可能會想到科學家

  • at the Large Hadron Collider

    在用大型強子對撞機

  • who have these amazing instruments,

    他們擁有神奇的儀器

  • like that's their job, right?

    探索未知是他們的事,對吧?

  • But the truth is that this action is available to all of us,

    但事實是,這件事我們都能做

  • you know,

    你知道的

  • it's not just for the scientists,

    不只是科學家而已,

  • it's also for the poet or the songwriter

    也可能是詩人和作曲家

  • that expresses an emotion for the first time in a unique way.

    首次用獨特方法,詮釋一種感情

  • It's also for the person that has an amazing business idea

    也可能是生意頭腦很棒的人

  • that they're certain could help millions of lives.

    可幫助上百萬人改善生活

  • And, it's the realm of using paper, clay, and tape

    靠紙張、黏土、膠帶這些工具

  • in order to go find a new insight

    才能在舊的科技中

  • in an ancient technology.

    發現新的思維

  • So now that you know a lot about rapid prototyping,

    你現在已經知道許多 快速原型設計的概念

  • I'm excited to see what you do with it.

    我很期待你們應用的成果

  • Thank you.

    謝謝你們

My name is Tom Chi.

我叫紀良育 (Tom Chi)

字幕與單字
已審核 字幕已審核

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 TED-Ed 眼鏡 法則 重量 筷子 黏土

【TED-Ed】45分鐘,讓他用釣魚線做出Google Glass的體驗 Rapid prototyping Google Glass - Tom Chi

  • 7178 516
    Zenn 發佈於 2014 年 09 月 03 日
影片單字