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  • Hi, my name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson I'm going to show you how to give a presentation

    嗨,我是麗貝卡,而今天的課程主題是,教導你如何一個良好英文的簡報

  • in English more effectively. Okay? Now, of course giving a presentation is never easy,

    ok嗎?當然,要做一個很棒的簡報並不是一件容易的事

  • especially when it is in another language which is not your native language -- you're

    尤其是當那其語言並非是你的母語的時候

  • going to face some special challenges. And as a corporate trainer who has worked with

    你將要面臨一些特別的挑戰。而身為企業訓練員的我曾經與許多來自世界各國的人一起工作

  • people from all over the world, I can tell you that giving a presentation is difficult,

    我可以告訴你,要做好一份簡報是十分困難的

  • but it is also one of the most effective ways to improve your English and also to increase

    但它是其中一種最有效的方法能讓你增進英文能力,也能增加

  • your level of confidence as a professional speaking in English. Okay? So let's look at

    你說英文的自信。好,那我們現在來看

  • some of the strategies that you can follow in order to give a presentation that is more

    某些在做簡報上的技巧性,而你便可以遵循以下的訣竅使你的簡報更為成功

  • successful. All right, so I've divided the board into

    因此我將白板分成

  • two sections; the first part is things that you should do, and in the second part we'll

    兩的部分,第一部分是你要做到的,而第二部分

  • talk about things you should not do. So the first thing that you must remember when you're

    我將會談到的是你不該做的。第一你要記得的是,當你在

  • speaking in English and giving a presentation is to use simple language. Many people feel

    發表英文簡報的時候,你必須使用簡單、明瞭的英文用語。很多人常常認為

  • that their English is not good enough and so they try to use very complicated words.

    他們的英文能力不夠好,因此他們總想要嘗試使用複雜、難以理解的詞語

  • However, if you're not comfortable with those words or you're not sure of the meaning of

    然而,你卻對那些單字或詞語很不熟悉,甚至是你可能不確定它真正之意義

  • those words, it's not going to go over very well. Simple, clear communication is powerful,

    因此這不是好的策略。簡單、清晰的溝通是十分強大,讓人易理解的

  • so try to remember that point. Okay? Next: speak slowly. Because you have an accent

    所以試著去記住這點,好嗎?接下來,說慢一點。因為你有口音

  • -- and everyone has an accent --, but perhaps if you have an accent and English is not your

    每個人也都有口音,也許你有口音而英文又不是

  • native language, it's going to be a little bit harder for people to understand you so

    你的母語,這將會使得你的聽眾要理解你的簡報內容的困難度稍微提升,所以

  • you need to speak much more slowly than you think. So however slowly you think you're

    你必須要說的慢一些,比你所想的還要再更慢一些。所以想的慢一些

  • speaking, speak a little more slowly. It will only make it easier for other people to understand

    說的再慢一點。這樣會使得聽眾們更容易的理解清楚

  • exactly what you're saying. Okay? All right. The next point is to make sure to have your

    你所要表達的內容,好嗎?下一個是要確認

  • visuals professionally edited. Make sure that a native English speaker or an editor has

    簡報完整性。確保找一個英文母語者或是專業的編輯者

  • checked all your visuals. There is nothing that compromises the professionalism of a

    檢查你的簡報。在決定簡報的專業度時

  • presentation more than seeing grammatical errors or spelling errors in the visuals.

    確認沒有文法和拼字錯誤是最重要的

  • So make sure to have your visuals professionally edited.

    因此要確保你的簡報完整性

  • The next thing you want to do is to make sure to use more verbs rather than nouns. When

    下一點是:你必須使用動詞的量比名詞還多

  • you use a lot of nouns it makes... It makes anything that you hear much heavier and difficult

    當你使用名詞時,會使得.....像是沒有讓你真的很容易的理解到其中的涵義

  • to understand. Let me give you a little example of that. Okay? One second. Okay, so for example,

    我舉個例子。等我一下,例如

  • if I say: "The delivery of the package took place on Sunday afternoon." That's okay. It's

    如果我說:我收到包裹的時間是在星期日下午。

  • not impossible to understand, but let's compare it to this: "The post office delivered the

    這很容易理解。但是比起這個:郵局寄送

  • package on Sunday afternoon." It's much easier in the second example because I used verbs

    包裹在星期日下午。比較起來第二個是比較容易了解的,因為我使用了動詞

  • rather than nouns. Okay? Next point: use active verbs rather than passive

    而非名詞。ok嗎?接下來看,多使用主動動詞而非被動動詞

  • verbs. Let me give you another example. "5000 apartments were rented by ABC Housing last

    讓我再的例子:5000間公寓在上個月被ABC房屋租走了

  • month." That's an example of using passive verbs. "5000 apartments were rented", right?

    那是一個被動動詞的句型。5000間公寓被租走了,對吧?

  • Let's contrast that with the active verb. "ABC Housing rented 5000 apartments last month."

    那讓我們來比較主動動詞的句型。ABC房屋在上個月租了5000間公寓

  • Okay? So you can see it's much easier when you use the active verbs.

    而你可以發現到,當你使用主動動詞時,是不是簡單多了

  • The next point is if possible at all, try to work with a trainer. Try to work with a

    下一個是:如果可以的話,試著找個可以訓練你的人,試著和

  • professional English trainer or a presentations coach who can help you to improve your presentation

    專業的英文訓練員或簡報專家合作,讓他們可以幫助你,增進你的簡報能力

  • skills, who can give you feedback on how to improve; what mistakes you're making, what

    也能給予意見,說明你要改進的地方。是哪裡有錯誤

  • are your strengths and weaknesses. It will be very, very helpful to you so try to do

    哪些是你的強項,哪些是你的缺點。如果你做到的話,那對你會是十分有幫助的

  • that if you have the opportunity. Okay? The next point is to use a lot of transition

    若是你有機會的話,好嗎?下一點是,大量使用連接詞

  • words in your presentation. This helps your listener to know where you're going. So you

    當你在演說簡報的時後。這會幫助你的聽眾們知道你在說什麼,所以

  • can say, for example: "furthermore", "nevertheless", "on the contrary". These words explain to

    你可以說,像是:此外,然而,相反地。用這些話用來解釋

  • your listener what you're trying to say with even more clarity than if you did not use

    給你的聽眾們會使得更清楚、明瞭。

  • the words. So try to get accustomed to using transition words.

    所以要習慣使用連接詞

  • Another important point, especially in different parts of the world is to make sure to write

    另外重要的一點是,特別在某些地方要確保寫下

  • down any important numbers. You need to write them down so that people can see them clearly

    重要所想要傳達的數字。你必須寫下數字讓聽眾們可以清楚看到

  • and also because in some parts of the world, numbers are described or said in different

    也因為世界某些地方,所表達數字的方法也不大相同

  • ways. So for example: this number is what? "One hundred thousand", but in India for example they call this "one lakh". So

    舉個例子:100,000 十萬,但在印度他們稱作一萬盧比

  • one lakh is different from saying one hundred thousand. And if your audience is not familiar

    一萬盧比和十萬是不一樣的表達數字的說法,而要是當你的聽眾對這些相當不熟悉

  • with the term "one lakh" or with the term "one hundred thousand" then you want to make

    像是盧比,或是十萬,那你就得必須

  • sure you have written the number down so it is 100% clear. All right?

    確保你寫下明確的數字,百分之百的簡單又清楚,對吧

  • So these are examples of things you should do; now let's look at some things you should

    因此那些要點是你要做的,而現在我們來看一些你不該做的

  • not do. All right? Don't use abbreviations, or acronyms, or short forms of names of organizations

    禁止使用縮寫、字頭語或是組織的縮寫形式

  • or anything else from your country which other people are not familiar with. Right? Say the

    或是任何來自你國家的但其他聽眾們卻無法理解的。好嗎?說出

  • entire name and then afterwards you can use the abbreviation once you have explained it.

    全名,而再那之後,一旦你需要解釋的話,便可以使用縮寫

  • You also want to avoid jargon. Now, what is jargon? Jargon is the special kind of language

    你也必須避免使用過多專業術語,那什麼是 jargon呢? jargon指的是專業的術語

  • that people who are in a special, in a particular field use when they speak to each other. So

    當人們在某些領域方面是專家,他們所使用的專業術語

  • for example: if you listen to computer guys speaking to each other, you will feel like

    像是:當你在聽到電腦工程師在與對方互相說話時,你也許會覺得

  • you landed on another planet because they speak language that only they can understand.

    你降落在另一個星球一樣,因為他們所說的語言只有他們能理解

  • So when you're speaking to a general audience, you want to avoid using jargon. Just use regular

    因此當你面對的聽眾是一般大眾,你得避免使用專業術語,使用簡單、易理解詞語即可

  • plain English to explain what you mean, that way you will reach more members of your audience.

    簡白的英文,而再去解釋你所要表達的意思,這樣一來你會吸引更多的聽眾

  • Okay? Also, make sure you avoid slang. Even though

    ok? 還有,避免使用俚語,即使

  • you might hear native English speakers using slang in their presentations, it's best that

    可能你會聽到美國人使用俚語在他們的簡報中,但最好還是盡量避免使用

  • you don't use it, especially if you're not familiar with how to use it. The worst thing

    尤其你不大熟悉如何運用俚語。最糟糕的是

  • is when we hear non-native English speakers using slang in an incorrect way because that

    幫你聽見那些非英文母語的人使用錯誤的表達方式使用俚語的時候

  • doesn't sound professional at all. All right? And another point is to avoid crutch words.

    便只會顯得你並不專業。另外一個要點是:避免使用不當語助詞

  • Now, what's a crutch word? For that you have to know: what's a crutch? Well, crutches are

    那什麼是crutch word? 知道之前你必須了解 crutch是什麼,而它的意思是

  • what people use... you know, for example: if someone has broken their leg, they might

    當人們使用....恩你知道的,像是當某個人摔斷了腳,他們必須

  • use something like this to walk along and they, these crutches, these sticks support

    使用某些東西去支撐他們走路像是這個。這些拐杖支撐著

  • them while they're walking let's say with a broken leg. Right? Similarly, when people

    他們,當他們再走路的時候,我們稱骨折,對吧,同樣地,當人們

  • are nervous, they sometimes use sounds instead of words while they're thinking of the right

    緊張、思考的時候,人們有時候會使用聲音而非字詞

  • thought or word. So they might say: "Mm, ah, for example, uh, like, uh, yeah", and things

    像:"Mm, ah, for example, uh, like, uh, yeah"諸如此類的

  • like that. These are crutch words and they're often used by people who are not sure what

    這些語助詞常被視為是人們並不確定的接下來所要說的內容是什麼

  • word to say next. So avoid crutch words or sounds. Silence is okay if you're thinking.

    所以要避免使用語助詞和聲音。當你在思考時,沉默是可以的

  • So while you're thinking, try to keep your mouth closed and avoid these crutch sounds.

    所以當你在思考的時候,試著讓你的嘴巴閉上,也避免有不當的語助詞出現

  • So these are some basic DOs and DON'Ts -- right? -- for giving a presentation in English. There

    因此以上的該做以及不該做的,讓你有一個良好的英文簡報技巧

  • are many other aspects of giving a presentation in English and I'm going to write some of

    還有其他很多方面的英文簡報技巧,我將要寫一些

  • those for you on the board.

    給你們在白板上

  • Okay, so here are some other skills that you

    好,所以這裡有一些技巧

  • need to master in order to give a successful presentation in English. You'll find lots

    為了有一個成功個英文簡報,你必須要學會。你會發現到很多

  • of information on this and other strategies on our website: www.presentationprep.com . There

    資訊在這白板上,以及其他方法在我們網站上www.presentationprep.com

  • you can learn how to, for example, overcome fear. It's very natural for you to feel a

    這裡你可以學習到像是如何克服恐懼,這是非常正常的事,你會感到

  • lot of fear when you are presenting in a language which is not your native language. Everybody,

    十分恐慌和害怕,當你在做簡報的時候並非使用你的母語。每個人

  • or many people, feel afraid in giving a presentation in general, but when you do it in English

    或是很多人,一般都會改到害怕,但若是你使用英文做簡報的時候

  • it's a little bit more challenging. So you'll learn some mental strategies, psychological

    是一大挑戰。所以你將會學到關於心靈上、心理方面策略

  • strategies, and physical strategies to really help you with this aspect of the fear.

    物理上的策略,這些將會幫助你克服恐懼

  • You'll also learn how to use body language more effectively. In different cultures, body

    你也將會學到如何有效地使用肢體語言,在不同的文化裡,

  • language means different things, so it's really important to learn how to use body language

    肢體語言意思可以有很多種,所以學習肢體語言這一點是非常重要的

  • effectively in an international context. You'll also learn how to structure your presentation

    有效地在國際背景環境下。你也將要學到如何架構你的簡報

  • for greater clarity. Okay? Also important to be able to handle the question and answer

    讓它更清楚明瞭。ok? 重要的事能夠要處理問題以及

  • session effectively. That's an important ending of your presentation. So especially if your

    有效地回答。在簡報的結尾也是十分重要的一環。尤其是如果

  • presentation has gone well, you want to be completely in command during your question

    你的簡報並沒有很順利,在問與答的時候,你想要完全地掌握

  • and answer session. So you'll learn some effective strategies for doing that. And last but not

    所以你會學到一些有效的策略去達成。最後也最重要的事

  • least, you'll also learn how to... you'll also be able to print out presentation templates

    你也會學到如何.....你必須列印出你的簡報模板

  • which you can actually use when you're doing your next presentation. So for that, go to

    而當你在做簡報時,你便可以使用。因此前往

  • our website www.presentationprep.com . It's a free website. www.presentationprep.com . All

    我們的網站: www.presentationprep.com,是個免費的網站

  • the best with your presentations!

    祝你有個超棒的簡報!

Hi, my name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson I'm going to show you how to give a presentation

嗨,我是麗貝卡,而今天的課程主題是,教導你如何一個良好英文的簡報

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A2 初級 中文 簡報 使用 聽眾 動詞 語助詞 專業

如何用英語做演講 (How to give a presentation in English)

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    詹益鴻 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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