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  • Hi.

    嗨,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說,我是說。

  • I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this lesson is going to save you years of English mistakes.

    我'我是來自engVid的Rebecca,這節課將為你節省多年的英語錯誤。

  • Why?

    為什麼?

  • Because it's a diagnostic lesson.

    因為它'是一堂診斷課。

  • In just a few minutes you'll find out what you know and don't know regarding

    在短短的幾分鐘內,你會發現你知道和不知道的關於

  • the past tenses in English.

    英語中的過去時態。

  • And why is that important?

    為什麼這麼重要?

  • For two reasons.

    原因有二:

  • First, you can focus on what you don't know and improve those areas and improve quickly,

    首先,你可以專注於你不知道的東西,並改善這些方面,並迅速提高。

  • and second because the past tenses are among the most important tenses that we use in English.

    其次是因為過去時是我們英語中最重要的時態之一。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • And at the end of the lesson after you've done the exercise and you find out what you

    而在課程結束後,你'已經做了練習,你發現你是什麼

  • might get wrong or right, I'll show you exactly how to improve, what you can do.

    可能會得到錯誤或正確的,我'會告訴你到底如何改進,你可以做什麼。

  • Some simple steps.

    一些簡單的步驟。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Let's get started.

    讓我們開始吧。

  • So, number one: "It rains all day yesterday."

    所以,第一條:"昨天下了一天的雨&quot。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So these are all sentences in the past tense.

    所以這些都是過去式的句子。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • There are four tenses we're covering: Past simple, past continuous, present perfect,

    我們涵蓋的時態有四種。過去簡單,過去連續,現在完成。

  • and past perfect.

    和過去的完美。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So, all of these sentences have some mistakes.

    所以,這些句子都有一些錯誤。

  • You try to find out: What's the mistake?

    你試著找出。錯在哪裡?

  • If you know, then you know that part.

    如果你知道,那麼你就知道這部分。

  • If you don't, we'll see what to do.

    如果你不這樣做,我們就看看該怎麼做。

  • So: "It rains all day yesterday."

    所以:"昨天下了一天的雨&quot。

  • What's wrong with that sentence?

    這句話有什麼問題?

  • Okay.

    好吧,我知道了

  • So, we're talking about yesterday so we know it's in the past, so what's wrong is here,

    所以,我們'在談論昨天,所以我們知道它'在過去,所以什麼'的問題在這裡。

  • this verb is right now in the present simple.

    這個動詞現在是現在式。

  • It should be...

    應該是...

  • It should be in the past.

    應該是過去的事了。

  • So then this sentence should be in the past simple.

    那麼這句話就應該是過去的簡單句。

  • So if you didn't know that, then...

    所以,如果你不知道,那麼... ...

  • Then you need to review the past simple.

    那麼你需要複習過去的簡單。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Number two: "Have you seen Maria last week?

    第二條:"你上週見過瑪麗亞嗎?

  • Have you seen Maria last week?"

    上週你見過瑪麗亞嗎&quot。

  • What's wrong with that sentence?

    這句話有什麼問題?

  • Or that question, rather.

    或者說,這個問題。

  • Can you find the mistake?

    你能找到錯誤的地方嗎?

  • Okay, so the mistake is this:

    好吧,所以錯誤是這樣的。

  • When we say: "Have you seen", that's which tense?

    當我們說:"你見過",那'是哪個時態?

  • Present perfect.

    現在完美。

  • But then we go on to say: "Have you seen Maria last week?"

    但我們接著說:"你上週見過瑪麗亞嗎?&quot。

  • That's a problem, because when we use the present perfect tense, we cannot use a finished

    這是個問題,因為當我們使用現在的完全時態時,我們不能使用一個完成的

  • time with it.

    時間與它。

  • If you use a finished time, like last week, then you have to change this question and

    如果你用的是完成時間,就像上週一樣,那麼你要把這道題改一改,並且

  • make it into past simple.

    使之成為過去的簡單。

  • For example: "Did you see Maria last week?"

    比如:"你上週看到瑪麗亞了嗎?&quot。

  • That's one way to fix that question.

    這'是解決這個問題的一個方法。

  • And the other way, if we wanted to keep it present perfect-right?-we would say:

    而另一種方式,如果我們想讓它保持現在的完美--對嗎--我們會說。

  • "Have you seen Maria this week?" for example.

    "你這周看到瑪麗亞了嗎?"例如。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • That...

    那個...

  • Of course, that has a different meaning, but if you're going to use this tense then if

    當然,這有不同的意義,但如果你'要用這個時態,那麼如果

  • you have a timeframe you can only talk about time which is either still going on, like

    你有一個時間框架,你只能談論時間,要麼是仍在繼續,就像...。

  • this week, today, this month, this year, and so on.

    本週、今天、本月、今年等等。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So if you made a mistake here, remember to review present perfect.

    所以如果你在這裡犯了錯誤,記得複習一下現在的完美。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Just make a note of that.

    記下來就可以了。

  • Next: "Gary studied when I arrived.

    下一篇:"Gary在我來的時候學習。

  • Gary studied when I arrived."

    加里在我來的時候學習了.&quot。

  • What's wrong there?

    有什麼問題嗎?

  • There is a little mistake there, and it's here.

    那裡有一點錯誤,它'在這裡。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • This should be: "Gary was studying"-right?-"when I arrived".

    這應該是:"加里正在學習"-對嗎?-"我到的時候"。

  • Now, "was studying" is past continuous.

    現在,"正在學習"是過去連續。

  • So, why do we need past continuous there?

    那麼,我們為什麼要在那裡用過去的連續呢?

  • Because the action of studying takes some time.

    因為學習的行動需要一定的時間。

  • Right?

    對吧?

  • It doesn't happen in one second.

    它不會在一秒鐘內發生。

  • So he was studying, and studying, and studying, and then in the middle of this studying I arrived.

    所以他在學習,學習,學習,然後在這個學習當中,我就到了。

  • "Arrived" doesn't take time, so "arrived" can be in the past simple tense.

    "Arrived"不需要時間,所以"Arrived"可以用過去簡單時態。

  • That's fine.

    那就好。

  • I arrived, it's finished, it's over.

    我到了,它'結束了,它'結束了。

  • But Gary was studying, and studying, and studying, and studying, and I came in the middle of that.

    但Gary在學習,學習,學習,學習,學習,我也在其中。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So these are the kinds of things you have to know about these tenses in order to use

    所以,這些都是你必須知道的關於這些時態的事情,以便使用。

  • them correctly.

    他們正確的。

  • So, if you made a mistake here, remember to review past continuous.

    所以,如果你在這裡犯了錯誤,記得複習過去的連續。

  • Remember at the end of the lesson I'll tell you exactly how you can review these.

    記得在課程的最後,我會告訴你具體如何複習這些。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Next, number four: "When have you sent the email?"

    接下來,第四條:"你什麼時候發的郵件?&quot。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • "When have you sent the email?"

    "你什麼時候發的郵件?&quot。

  • Okay.

    好吧,我知道了

  • So, the problem here, again, is that the tense that's used is present perfect.

    所以,這裡的問題又是,'用的時態是現在完成時。

  • But with present perfect we cannot use the word "when".

    但對於現在的完滿,我們不能用"當"這個詞。

  • If you use the question word "when", then you need to change this entire question to

    如果你用了疑問詞"when",那麼你需要把這整個問題改成

  • past simple.

    過去的簡單。

  • "When did you send the email?"

    "你什麼時候發的郵件?&quot。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • "When did you send the email?"

    "你什麼時候發的郵件?&quot。

  • Because when I ask you that question you're going to tell me sometime in the past that's

    因為當我問你這個問題的時候,你會告訴我在過去的某個時候,那就是

  • finished and over.

    完了,結束了。

  • So that's past simple, and not present perfect.

    所以那是過去的簡單,而不是現在的完美。

  • So if you made a mistake here, you should really review past simple, but more importantly

    所以,如果你在這裡犯了錯誤,你真的應該複習過去的簡單,但更重要的是

  • also, again, present perfect.

    同時,又是現在的完美。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • A little bit of both.

    兩者都有一點。

  • If you just said here: "Have you sent the email?" then it's fine and it's present perfect.

    如果你只是在這裡說:"你發過郵件了嗎?"那麼它'很好,而且它'現在很完美。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • But if you need to use the question word "when", remember to change it to past simple.

    但如果需要用疑問詞"when",記得改成過去的簡單。

  • Good.

    很好啊

  • Number five: "Did you ever see this movie?

    第五條:"你看過這部電影嗎?

  • Did you ever see this movie?"

    你看過這部電影嗎?&quot。

  • Now, this one is almost correct because most of the time we use another tense, but you

    現在,這個幾乎是正確的,因為大多數時候,我們使用另一種時態,但你。

  • could use this.

    可以用這個。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • "Did you ever see this movie?"

    "你看過這部電影嗎?&quot。

  • It's possible that you will hear people saying that, but as a grammar teacher and as an English

    你有可能會聽到人們這樣說,但作為文法老師和作為英語

  • teacher I'm telling you that actually what you should say here is:

    老師我'告訴你,其實你在這裡應該說的是。

  • "Have you ever seen this movie?"

    "你看過這部電影嗎?&quot。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Because "ever" is one of those words that we in fact do use a lot with the present perfect

    因為"ever"是我們事實上經常使用的一個詞,用在現在的完形詞上。

  • tense.

    時態。

  • So when you see the word "ever": "Have you ever seen this movie?

    所以當你看到"ever"這個詞時:"你看過這部電影嗎?

  • Have you ever read this book?

    你讀過這本書嗎?

  • Have you ever visited Japan?"

    你去過日本嗎&quot。

  • Right?

    對吧?

  • Questions like that, really, you should be using present perfect and not past simple.

    這樣的問題,真的,你應該用現在的完美,而不是過去的簡單。

  • So this one is also present perfect.

    所以這個也是目前完美的。

  • Remember to review that if you got that wrong.

    如果你弄錯了,記得複習一下。

  • Number six: "When the guests arrived, I already cooked dinner.

    第六條:"客人來的時候,我已經做好了晚飯。

  • When the guests arrived, I already cooked dinner."

    客人來的時候,我已經做好了晚飯.&quot。

  • So what's wrong there?

    那有什麼問題呢?

  • The clue is actually from this word, "already".

    這個線索其實是來自於這個詞,"已經"。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So here we are talking about what?

    所以我們在這裡說的是什麼?

  • We're talking about two actions that happened in the past.

    我們'說的是過去發生的兩個行動。

  • But one happened before the other.

    但一個發生在另一個之前。

  • What happened first?

    先發生了什麼?

  • "I already cooked dinner", right?

  • I cooked dinner first, and then the guests arrived.

    我先做飯,然後客人來了。

  • So: "When the guests arrived I...

    所以:"客人來了以後,我......。

  • I had already cooked dinner."

    我已經做了晚飯.&quot。

  • So that is an example of when we can use the past perfect.

    所以這就是一個例子,說明我們什麼時候可以使用過去完成時。

  • Past perfect is used when we're talking about two actions and you want to show that one

    過去完成時用於我們'正在談論兩個動作,你想顯示一個。

  • of them happened first in the past, although both of them happened in the past.

    其中的先發生在過去,雖然它們都發生在過去。

  • The past perfect part of the sentence shows you what happened first in the past.

    句子的過去完成部分向你展示了過去先發生的事情。

  • So, if you didn't know that then please review the past perfect.

    所以,如果你不知道,那麼請你複習過去的完美。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • You're doing fine.

    你做得很好。

  • Don't worry.

    別擔心

  • You're doing great.

    你做得很好

  • Number seven: "I wasn't understanding what you said.

    第七條:"我沒聽懂你說什麼。

  • I wasn't understanding what you said."

    我不明白你說什麼.&quot。

  • Well, that's not right.

    嗯,這是不對的。

  • It should be:

    應該是這樣的

  • "I didn't understand what you said."

    "我沒聽懂你說什麼&quot。

  • Why?

    為什麼?

  • Because there are certain verbs which we cannot use in the continuous form.

    因為有些動詞我們不能用連體形式。

  • They are called stative verbs.

    它們被稱為陳述性動詞。

  • So you have to know what they are, and when you learn the continuous tense you usually

    所以你要知道它們是什麼,當你學習連續時態的時候,你通常是

  • come across this part of the lesson, stative verbs, and you need to know there are certain

    遇到這部分課程,陳述性動詞,你要知道有一定的

  • verbs you cannot use with...

    動詞不能與...

  • In this continuous form.

    在這種連續形式下。

  • So you can never say: "I'm not understanding"

    所以你永遠不能說:"我&39;不懂&quot。

  • or "I'm understanding", or "I was understanding".

    或"I'm understanding",或"I was understanding"。

  • No.

    不知道