A2 初級 美國腔 9125 分類 收藏
Hi! Brian Dempsey here, and I just wanted to make a quick video to
address a couple things that came up in a discussion on Facebook
about reading and becoming a better reader.
And so as we kinda went through this thread
online, we were sharing some tips and ideas
about how to improve our reading comprehension,
and so I thought I would share a few things that I do
and maybe this will be a help to you.
Number one when you read a book, and by the way we will
title this video 10 tips to improve your reading comprehension,
and so number one is from
Benjamin Franklin himself and what he said was never read a book
without a pen in hand and so hmm... well, I actually take that to heart.
I hardly walk to a mailbox without having a book
and a pen, and so hmm... if you have a pen in your hand,
no matter what you're reading you have the opportunity to
underline, highlight...personally I like to
scribble, circle, argue with the author. If you read in the
in columns in my book, sometimes I write, well that's a great point
or you're a blooming idiot or whatever. But I
I really interact with the author
as I write in book. And some people I know it makes your skin crawl
to just think other writing a book, but if you want to improve your reading
the very first thing that I would do is take Benjamin Franklin's advice
and never read a book without a pen in your hand.
Another thing when we talk about reading comprehension, uh, number two,
is read a whole paragraph
or a whole section before you
go to highlight or underline something.
I know sometimes I kinda get ahead of myself and l'll be reading through a book
and most of the kinds of books that I read are not...
they're not novels and nonfiction books, and so
their their little bit more uh... technical
or oreinted for study, so uh...
so sometimes we will begin reading and the very first line that you see that's
interesting, you want to highlight that,
and what I found is if you read the entire paragraph first,
a lot of times there may be a summary statement or there may be
uh a little better information for you to highlight
down in the paragraph, rather than just uh breaking up your train of thought.
Uh...so you may want to read a whole section first
and then go back and find what you want to highlight, and I think that'll help
with the some reading comprehension.
Another thing that I do
uh... in fact I do it a lot is I read out loud.
And, hmm, if you read out loud, you will read more slowly
than if you read silently, but there are times
where uh... by reading out loud by reading with inflection,
you were able to have more senses engaged in what you're reading, so
you're not just saying it, but you're also
hearing what you're reading, and that simply helps with
reading comprehension as well. And by the way, I read a study
just today about I reading out loud,
and the study gave some great insights. One of the things that it mentioned was uh...
if people read a list, you know, like a list of
items, and one of those
items was different than the rest, maybe there was a list of 10 things and
it was ten kinds of birds and one or nine kinds of birds
and one was a sport, people would tend to remember the sport
and they would forget the other nine, and so
what it shows is those things that stand out, those things that are somehow
different, tend to make up more than impression
in our brain, so a lot of times what I'll do is if I'm reading
and I come across the paragraph that, you know, is just a really solid, something I really
wanna get,
I'll stop, and I'll read that out loud out, and it really helps to set it apart
in my thinking, so there are times where you can read out loud.
So, never read a book or yeah never read a book without a pen in your hand,
read a whole paragraph per section before you go through and highlight or
at times read out loud, and then also
uh... read silently. You know if we're gonna read out loud sometimes, sometimes we wanna read
And I would encourage you: if you do this when we're talking about reading
read with a pencil read with a pen and simply
check, you know, as you see something that stands out or you see something interesting
simple put a little check in the margin, and that way you can keep reading.
This gives you the big picture a book, and then you can go back through
and look in and pay attention later to some other things that you
you checked but uh... that will help improve your
comprehension. This next one, I think is, uh, something a lot of people just don't do.
And when you're, you're reading to study, when you're reading and it's something
that you really want to comprehend, its not just enjoyment,
uh...something that I do, uh... often, in fact it probably makes me look pretty
silly for
somebody looking in my office or maybe I'm driving down the
the road, but if I read something, I'll
stop at the end of the paragraph or at the end of the section
and I'll think through it in my mind.
And sometimes I leave it talk through it out loud, as if I'm explaining
what I've read to someone. Umm, if you can formulate your thinking enough to be
able to communicate that
to someone else, then it's just gonna
increase your comprehension. And if you do that throughout the book,
if you do that throughout your, um, study,
its... its going to help us significant.. significantly.
So, um... so, never read a book without a pen in your hand, read the whole paragraph first,
at times read out loud, other time read silently, and simply check things that
are important,
explain what you read.
And then, um, this comes from a chapter in a book that I'm going to recommend here in just a
moment, but...
learn to X-ray a book. When we're talking about reading comprehension,
recognize that it's okay not to read
the entire book. Uh, in fact there are lots of books that I buy,
that I skim through the table of contents, I look at the things that
are going to be important to me, especially if it's a compilation,
and I pick and choose the the sections of the book that I'm going to read,
and it took me awhile to not feel guilty about not reading the whole book
and only reading parts of it, but by doing that, by being more selective,
I was able to benefit much more
then if I simply labored through
some things that presented information that at the time I just
wasn't interested in.
So learn to pay attention to the table of contents
and really pick out the areas that you want to
read. Also something that I tend to do
is pay attention to summary
words, and summary words are things like, um,
"therefore" or "as a result" or "in conclusion,"
and make sure that when you see that,
you were able, in your mind, to know what his argument was, what the author's
argument was before he got to a summary,
because if you see a summary word and you don't understand the previous argument,
then you're not really comprehending that, so I usually mark
those kinda summary word. I'll underlined noun
and I'll go back and make sure that I know what the points are
that are leading up to the author's conclusion.
And sometimes we find that, you know, he's made some kind a logical fallacy,
and really the points that he's brought forth can lead to other conclusions or
maybe it's simply not
something that I would encourage you to do is
use highlighters or circle and underline
key phrases in a book. I'll tell you I do that
Here's an example of a book that I read just this past week,
and you can see that, boy, I highlight
and then you know I was reading and this particular book is on pluralism.
And so right here's the word tolerance,
and then I will underline the key phrases or the key words
within a sentence, and that really helps to
to stand out, and it also helps when I highlight and I underline,
when I finish a book before I simply put it down to move on to the next thing
I typically pick it back up and go page for page and just
look back through it and I will read what I've highlighted.
I just don't understand folks personally who can read a book
and they don't mark in it, they don't write in it, and
then you know maybe the one key thought, or maybe one thing that really stood out,
it's simply lost in their two or three or four hundred-page book,
and they can't open it up and go back and find that,
and so I would encourage you to use highlighter and a pen.
when it comes to reading comprehension, mark words
that you don't know. This is something that is
is going to help increase your vocabulary. I recently read
just an absolutely outstanding book called "The Professor
and The Madman," and if you can see the subtitle,
here the subtitle is "A tale of murder,
insanity, and the making of the Oxford English Dictionary,"
so it is a book about the making
up the dictionary, so I wasn't too surprised
when there were 35 or 40 words
in the first, you know, how many chapters of this book that I didn't know,
but I went through and circle every single solitary word I didn't know,
and when I was done, because this is not on the Kindle
I simply went to dictionary.com and
spend a little bit of time and looked up some of these words and have added a
couple of 'em
to my vocabulary. A few of these or a little archaic
but anyway, fantastic thing to do, circle words
that you don't know. Finally, the last
is read this book
"How to Read a Book," and, uh, by Mortimer Adler
and Charles Van Doren, absolutely outstanding.
And one of the things that this does
is it helps you to
be able to read multiple works and compare them.
It has the tip about X-raying a book
and kinda understanding the author’s purpose and goal, and
being able to evaluate a book to see it's something that
you want to read to begin with. So,
let's just review those ten tips real quick, 'cause I didn't number them throughout.
Number one, never read a book without a pen in your hand.
Number two, read a whole paragraph
before you go through and highlight or
underline anything, and that way you get the bigger context, and
sometimes can find the conclusions. At times when you need to
read out loud, you read more slowly, but it will help you to remember that as you
engage your senses.
Also, read silently, and as you read silently,
simply use a pencil and just check
key paragraph, so you want to go back and read later. Explain
what you read. Learn to X-ray a book and realize you don't have to
read every single chapter.
Pay attention to summary words: therefore, as a result
in conclusion. Circle and underlined key
words and phrases in a sentence or in a paragraph.
Mark words that you don't know and look them up.
Again, if you have a (Kindle), just double click and it pops up the dictionary, there.
And then finally, read "How to Read a Book". I hope these tips are helpful to you
and happy reading.


提高閱讀理解的10個秘訣 (10 Tips to Improve Your Reading Comprehension)

9125 分類 收藏
Timothy 發佈於 2017 年 5 月 24 日    Alvin He 翻譯    Crystal Wu 審核
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