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Our brain can potentially memorize 2.5 petabytes of information,
which is roughly the equivalent of 3 million hours of YouTube videos.
In order to use some of that staggering capacity a little more effectively when you learn,
here are some tips that are based on widely accepted to research
by neuroscientists and learning experts.
“Spaced Repetition"
To maximise your learning, study short but often.
Neuroscientist proved that synapses,
the million billion connections in your brain that make you remember and understand stuff,
grow mainly at night when you are asleep.
This means that it is more productive to study regularly with sleeping breaks in between.
Try it!
Practice something for 15 minutes every day
and you'll be surprised by your progress within just weeks.
“Find Your Own Style”
While listening to the history teacher,
Tom scribbles images and Jane finishes 1 kilo of nuts.
Some enjoy watching videos over reading books,
others study with friends and some like sitting in silence among a million books.
Everybody is different.
“Good Night's Sleep”
Sleep and dreams are vital to processing and storing new information.
A Harvard study showed that students who had a good night's sleep
remembered their study materials
35% better than those who studied in the morning to take a test in the evening.
“Focus!”
If you tend to procrastinate,
which means that you tend to switch from doing something hard like studying maths
to something easy like browsing the web,
protect yourself from distraction.
One way of doing this is to shut down your mobile phone
or go to a quiet place like a library.
“Pomodoro Technique”
Set a timer to 25 minutes when you focus entirely on your studies.
When the timer rings, relax for 5 minutes.
If you want to continue just set the timer again.
The small breaks in between are relaxing and motivating to keep going.
“Hard Stuff First”
Do the things that are difficult first.
Because if you are like most people,
you have the strongest willpower in the morning.
Once you are done with the hard stuff
you will feel better for the rest of the day
and probably more motivated to get other things done.
“Exercise, Meditate and Converse”
There are few activities proven to grow your brain
however physical exercise,
regular meditation
and good conversations apparently do exactly that.
They lead to the creation of new neurons inside your brain
and therefore grow its potential.
“Go Places!”
You can create deeper memories of a subject
by learning in a richer environment that offers more visual clues.
In an experiment
two groups of students had to remember random words.
One group changed the classroom while studying,
the other didn't.
The group that studied in two different rooms
(one was small and windowless, the other big and bright)
was 40% more likely to recall the words later.
“Take Fun Seriously”
Whatever it is, find a fun way to practice.
Modern learning science believes that positive emotions are very important for increasing your learning potential.
So do yourself a favour and have a good time!
“Space Your Studies”
In order to remember things for a longer time,
repeat the material in spaced intervals.
Facts or vocabularies for example
are best learned if you review them the first time 1-2 days after the initial study
and then again after 1 week and after 1 month.
“30% Read 70% Recite”
If you have one hour to learn to recite a poem or prepare for a speech
spend 20 Minutes of the time on studying the text
and 40 minutes on practicing to recite.
This ratio usually leads to the best results.
In the case of an emergency,
put a glass of water next to you.
Take a sip whenever you lose it.
“Instant Self-Test”
After you study finish up with a quick quiz.
Immediate recall in form of a test or a short summary on what you've just learned
can increase retention by as much as 30%.
Because it's much harder for your brain to reflect than to read,
that extra effort creates deeper traces in your memory.
“Don't Force it”
Motivation is like hunger.
You cannot force yourself to be motivated
just like you can't tell someone else to be hungry.
So if you are not hungry right now, don't worry.
Take a break and do something else.
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怎麼讀書才有效?13 個科學家證實的小撇步! (13 Study Tips)

117237 分類 收藏
韓澐 發佈於 2018 年 8 月 31 日    brieven 翻譯    Sabrina Hsu 審核

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大家都是怎麼唸書的呢?是不是也有一些小訣竅呢?從小讀書、面對考試,都是學生的一大煩惱,希望用最短的時間得到最好的成果,到底怎麼做才能又快又輕鬆的把書讀好呢?快來看看這部影片,用科學的方式有效提高你的讀書效率喔!

1equivalent0:06
equivalent 是「相同的;等同的」的意思,為形容詞用,並且時常與 to 搭配使用。
Is $25 equivalent to about £15?
25 美元是不是大約相當於 15 歐元?


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】加速化學反應的秘訣 (並獲得約會對象) (How to speed up chemical reactions (and get a date) - Aaron Sams)


2vital1:20
vital 是「不可或缺的;極其重要的」的意思,為形容詞。作名詞用時,也是指「人體重要器官」的意思,用來表示維持生命所必須的器官。
Harvey had found out some information of vital importance for his case.
哈維已經查出這起案件中極為重要的資訊。


作人體重要器官時的用法為:
Ella was lucky that the bullet missed her vital organs.
艾拉很幸運,子彈沒有射中重要器官。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】珍貴的水資源: 認識我們所面臨的問題 (Fresh water scarcity: An introduction to the problem - Christiana Z. Peppard)


3browse1:46
browse 為「瀏覽;隨意看」的意思,為動詞。指沒有特別企圖的隨意瀏覽或尋找特定東西。
A:Are you looking for anything in particular, ma'am?
女士,請問您在尋找某樣特定的東西嗎?
B:No, it's okay. I'm just browsing.
沒關係,我只是隨意看看。


4converse2:38
converse 為「和...交談」的意思,作動詞用,常與 with 搭配使用。
Donna is so smart that conversing with her can be a little bit challenging.
唐娜這麼聰明,跟她說話會有點挑戰性。


*同場加映:
【TEDx】打破語言的藩籬 (Breaking the language barrier | Tim Doner | TEDxTeen 2014)


5 recite4:21
recite 為「背誦;(詳細) 敘述」的意思,作動詞使用。
My grandkid likes to recite poetry in public. She's a little genius.
我孫女喜歡當眾背誦詩歌,她是個小天才。


作「詳細敘述」之意時:
Mike recited the accidents he witnessed that day.
麥可詳細敘述那天他親眼目睹的意外。


希望大家看完這部影片,能從中找到一兩個自己喜歡的讀書技巧,讓我們準備考試能事半功倍喔!

文 / Priscilla Huang

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  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔