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I have a confession to make. For years I have been telling people "Stress makes you sick."
But I have changed my mind about stress. I wanna change yours.
Let me start with the study that tracked 30,000 adults in the United States for 8 years.
And they started by asking people "How much stress have you experienced in the last year?"
They also asked "Do you believe that stress is harmful for your health?".
People who experienced a lot of stress in the previous year had a 43% increased risk of dying, but that was only true for the people
who also believed that stress is harmful for your health.
People who experienced a lot of stress, but did not view stress as harmful, they had the lowest risk of dying as anyone in the study.
182,000 Americans died prematurely from the belief that stress is bad for you.
I want you all to pretend you are participants in a study-
you come into the laboratory, you have to give a 5 minute impromptu speech on your personal weaknesses
to a panel of expert evaluators sitting right in front of you,
now if you were actually in this study, you probably be a little stressed out - your heart might be pounding,
you might be breathing faster, now normally we interpret these physical changes as anxiety,
but what if you viewed them instead, as signs that your body was preparing you to meet this challenge?
Now that is exactly what participants were told in a study conducted at Harvard University.
And participants who learned to view the stress response as helpful,
while they were less stressed out, less anxious, more confident, their physical stress response changed.
Now, in a typical stress response, your heart rate goes up, and your blood vessels constrict,
but in the study when participants viewed their stress response as helpful,
their blood vessels stayed relaxed, like this. Their heart was still pounding
but this is a much healthier cardiovascular profile- it's a lot like what happens in moments of courage.
We need to talk about a hormone - oxytocin. Oxytocin makes you crave physical contact with your
friends and family, it enhances your empathy. Your pituitary gland pumps this stuff out
as part of the stress response, and one of its main roles in your body is to protect
your cardiovascular system from the effects of stress. Your heart has receptors for this
hormone, and oxytocin helps heart cells regenerate from any stress-induced damage.
I wanna finish by telling you about one more study. This study tracked about a 1000 adults in the United States
and they started the study by asking "How much stress have you experienced in the last year?
" They also asked "How much time have you spent helping out friends?"
People who spent time caring for others, showed absolutely no stress related increase in dying, zero.
When you choose to view your stress response as helpful, you create the biology of courage.
And when you choose to connect with others under stress, you can create resilience.
Thank you.
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【TED】與壓力做朋友 | Kelly McGonigal (Kelly McGonigal | How to make stress your friend (Condensed Talk))

78103 分類 收藏
Ya-han Chang 發佈於 2017 年 3 月 2 日   Tanya Chiu 翻譯   Sabrina Hsu 審核

影片簡介

你覺得壓力是對身體有害的嗎?你覺得壓力會讓人衰老嗎?今天,TED Talks 要來顛覆你對壓力的看法!快一起來瞧瞧吧!

1confession 0:02
相信大家對 confession 這個字都不陌生,它的意思就是「告白」,可以用在感情上的兒女情長。
I need some advice on how to respond to a love confession.
我需要一些關於如何回應告白的建議。


不過,除了「告白」以外,confession 這個名詞還有「自白」的意思哦!其中,也包括犯人招供的「供詞」、宗教上指的「告解」及「懺悔」,或是泛指一般的「對自己錯誤行為的坦誠」哦!前幾年很紅的電影《購物狂的異想世界》英文名稱就叫做 "Confession of a Shopaholic",直譯其實就是「一位購物狂的自白」的意思!

當我們要說「做一個告白、自白」時,搭配的動詞是 make ,用法為 make a confession 。讓我們來看看例句吧!
Do you have a confession to make?
你有什麼想要坦誠的事情嗎?

Confession of a mother of seven.
一位七個孩子的母親的自白。


英文「告白」的動詞則是 confess,第三人稱單數為 confesses
He plans to confess his love to her on Valentine's day.
他打算在情人節向她告白。


2belief 0:52
belief 這個字有「信念」、「信仰」的意思。
She was so devoted in charity work in the belief that her actions would save millions of children.
抱持著相信自己的行動能夠幫助上百萬孩童的信念,她全心投入慈善工作。

Every religious belief deserves to be respected.
每個宗教信仰都值得被尊敬。


你知道 Beliebers 是什麼嗎?是不是聽起來很像 believers(信仰者)呢?這邊也來跟大家分享一個流行小知識!其實,Beliebers 就是指小賈斯汀的粉絲啦!他們會這麼自稱自己是因為小賈斯汀的英文姓氏是 Bieber,把他的姓跟 believe(相信)做結合,就成為了 Beliebers,有「小賈斯汀的信仰者」的意思!

*同場加映:
四分鐘帶你揭開聖誕老公公身世小故事! (A Brief History of Santa)


3impromptu  1:01
impromptu 這個字大家或許不是很熟悉,不過它的反義詞是 prepared!這樣有沒有比較好猜得到它的意思了呢?沒錯,它的意思就是「即興的」、 「毫無準備的」、 「臨時起意的」,可以當成形容詞或是副詞用。
The sisters went on an impromptu trip after graduation.
這對姐妹在畢業後展開一場臨時起意的出走。

As the most popular person in class, he was pushed up stage to give an impromptu speech during class reunion.
衝著他是班上最受歡迎的人物,他在同學會時被起哄上台做即興演講。


既然大家都熟悉 impromptu 的反義詞,那我們也來認識一下它的同義詞!
improvised 意思也是「即興的」,不過它只能當形容詞用,而當成動詞則是 improvise。形容詞的用法跟 impromptu 一樣,兩者可以直接替換。我們接下來看 improvise 當成動詞的用法。
His class was so inspiring that some of the students improvise pieces of music on the spot.
他的課程能夠激發靈感,有些學生甚至當場即興創作出一曲又一曲的音樂。


*同場加映:
忌妒別人擁有的嗎?專家教你如何克服忌妒! Jealous Of People Who “Have It All?” This May Help.


4panel1:05
panel 在這部影片中的用法是 a panel of 意思是指「專業小組」、「一群評論家」。也就是一群為了討論某件議題而湊在一起的專家們。
A panel of judges were already seated when the defendant was sent in.
在被告被送進法庭時,一群法官們已經就位了。


除了可以用 a panel of 以外,我們也可以直接在這群人職位的後面接上 panel 來形容這群人。例如:
He wasn't ready to face the jury panel yet.
他還沒準備好面對這群陪審團。


另外, panel 這個詞還有一個常用的地方,就是 panel show。它就是指綜藝節目中的「對抗賽」。
My family loves to watch the panel show on Saturday night!
我們家很喜歡在週六晚上看綜藝節目的對抗賽!


*同場加映:
【TED】你不知道的事業建議 Susan Colantuono: The career advice you probably didn't get


5interpret   1:16
interpret 有「揣摩」、「闡釋」的意思。
The students have no idea how to interpret the philosophy behind the question "Which came first, the chicken or the egg?".
學生對於怎麼揣摩「先有雞,還是先有蛋」這個哲學問題還不知道該如何下手。


interpretation 則是「揣摩」、「闡釋」的英文名詞。
Many experts have different interpretations of this statement.
許多專家對於這則聲明做了不同的闡釋。


*同場加映:
【考試英文】雅思和托福單字 - 動詞篇 (IELTS & TOEFL Academic Vocabulary - Verbs (AWL))


聽完這場演說,不知道大家能不能夠放下以往對壓力的偏見呢?原來,只要我們把壓力造成的不安想成是身體在準備迎接挑戰的轉變就可以使身體有這麼大的變化啊!看來,我們今天這寶貴的一堂課,可是終身受用的哦!快跟你的壓力當好朋友吧!

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