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  • When am I going to have time for sleep?

  • Hi. James from engVid.

  • New Orleans, it's a city of the United States.

  • It's known for Mardi Gras in February.

  • The town never sleeps.

  • People are doing stuff all the time.

  • And today's lesson is on, believe it or not, not New Orleans, but sleep.

  • A lot of you guys, it's something...

  • It's something we do, if you think about it.

  • You're awake and one-third of your life is spent sleeping.

  • And in your own language you have many words for "sleep", and we do, too.

  • And some of these words I don't think you've ever been taught.

  • If so, I'm going to try and help you remember them, and go through a couple phrasal verbs

  • and good and bad words.

  • So let's go to the board, shall we?

  • Sweet dreams are made of these.

  • "Sweet dreams", what does that mean?

  • It means... Depending.

  • If I say to you: "Sweet dreams", I want you to dream, have a good night's sleep and dream

  • or "sweet dreams", I'm having a good one.

  • In this case, look at Mr. E. How are you...?

  • Oh.

  • He's fast asleep, so he can't hear me.

  • But you'll notice he's sleeping, he's got some zzz' up here, and he's sweet dreams.

  • Cake, ice cream, and engVid. Okay?

  • If you think about our site, you'll have good dreams.

  • So let's start on the good side, shall we?

  • Because that's where we should have a good night's sleep. Right?

  • That's easy enough.

  • "Good night's sleep", you sleep all the way through the night and you feel fantastic.

  • If you have a little sleep, let's just say you've had a really busy day and you're a

  • little bit tired.

  • When I was a little boy we used to call it a "nap".

  • So for 20 minutes or maybe 30, 40 minutes you'd go upstairs quietly, go into a little

  • ball and go to sleep for 20 minutes and you'd take a nap.

  • Well, now it's the 21st century and everything's more aggressive, so you don't have a nap,

  • you have a "power nap".

  • 20 minutes, total relaxation, total focus.

  • So today it's gone from "nap" to a "power nap".

  • And when you tell people you're having a power nap, you're going to sleep like a kitten and

  • coming out like Batman. Okay?

  • That's what they say now, so I'm power napping.

  • It's a way of making it sound more important than: "I'm tired. I need to sleep." Okay?

  • Number two: "dream".

  • A dream is basically pleasant thoughts while you're sleeping.

  • That's what it is.

  • You're travelling, having fun with your friends, kissing your favourite person.

  • [Kisses] That's me.

  • And that's a dream.

  • You're having pleasant thoughts as you're sleeping. Okay?

  • What about "bedroom eyes"?

  • If you like those movie stars and that, do you look in their eyes?

  • Yes, and you go: "Oh my gosh, he's so sexy. He's so lovely. I love his eyes."

  • Bedroom eyes are sexy eyes.

  • People have bedroom eyes.

  • Now, there's another one for you: "Catch some zzz'" See up here?

  • Mr. E is going: "[Snores]. Zzzzzz. [Snores] Zzzzzz."

  • Catching zzz' is get some sleep.

  • You'll often hear people say: "Man, I got to catch some zzz' before my airplane. I need to get some sleep."

  • Why we pick "z", I don't know.

  • Maybe it's the last letter of the alphabet and by the time you get there you're tired.

  • And finally let's talk about "pillow talk". What is "pillow talk"?

  • Pillow talk.

  • No, you don't go: "Yo, pillow, you are so sexy.

  • Look at your bedroom eyes. You're beautiful." No.

  • When we talk about "pillow talk" it's actually when you're in bed with your partner or lover,

  • and you talk about things, intimate things like how you like their hair and their eyes,

  • or what a good day you've had, and it's really kind of romantic, and it's quiet and it's

  • nice, and then it ends in cuddling, which is another word for hugging in the bed and mmm.

  • It's not necessarily sex.

  • It's the nice thing after.

  • Right? Sexual talk and cuddling, ladies, holding and touching after the big event.

  • Yeah? Yeah.

  • Tell your husband or your significant other person:

  • "I like a little pillow talk when we're done, and we'll have it more often."

  • Guys, listen carefully when you hear that one. Okay?

  • Because your bedroom eyes won't always get you there.

  • That's the good, and I'm sure you're all smiling, going:

  • "I like these. I get to nap, a little sleep.

  • I get to have pleasant thoughts.

  • I have...

  • Use my eyes to make myself look much more attractive.

  • I get to relax by getting some good sleep in there.

  • And finally, if I talk and cuddle everything's good." Right?

  • Yeah, well, all good things come to an end.

  • Every coin has another side.

  • This is the bad thing about sleep. Okay? This sucks.

  • "Sleepless", it doesn't mean you sleep less like four or five hours, it means no sleep,

  • and usually we say: "sleepless night", which meant all night long you were awake.

  • You tried to sleep, but you couldn't or you were unable to sleep.

  • What's worse than sleepless?

  • Has got to be "wide awake".

  • That's this one.

  • Doo, doo, doo, doo, doo.

  • Now, I'm going to try to close my eyes, but it's just not happening.

  • I'm wide awake.

  • It means no matter what you do, you can't get to sleep.

  • Right?

  • "Sleepless", you lose some sleep; "wide awake", you can't sleep. That's it.

  • You're just up looking at the ceiling, maybe read a book, maybe walk, but you just can't go to sleep.

  • If you do too much of these two, you're going to get what we call "insomnia".

  • A lot of people say: "Oh, I've got insomnia."

  • They don't know what they're talking about, really, because it's actually a medical condition

  • that says you have difficulty sleeping.

  • That means you may have...

  • Be wide awake or have sleepless nights but on a very regular basis.

  • This isn't good for anybody.

  • It's not good for your mind or your body, or your weight actually.

  • Read up on that.

  • So insomnia is something you probably have to go to a doctor to get treated, so if someone

  • tells you they have insomnia, tell them to go see a doctor.

  • I know somebody who loves this one: "to toss and turn".

  • When you toss something it's like throwing, and turning is like this.

  • So imagine in bed they're like: "[Makes noises]."

  • You're like: "Chill out, baby, I got to sleep", and they're tossing and turning.

  • Usually they're worried.

  • Something has happened and it's on their mind, and it's like they're doing it, they're acting

  • in their sleep or, and that's why they toss and turn.

  • They're also the people who steal the covers.

  • You know? "[Makes noises]."

  • And you're like: "I'm naked here. I'm cold.

  • [Laughs] Stop being so worried, I'm freezing."

  • All right?

  • So to toss and turn is having a bad night's sleep.

  • Notice when you toss and turn you might actually be asleep, so you can't say "sleepless" or

  • "wide awake".

  • You might say: "I had a sleepless night and I tossed and turned", which meant there was

  • a little bit of sleep, but you kept moving too much to stay asleep.

  • But you wouldn't be wide awake and tossing and turning. Okay?

  • "Nightmare".

  • Do you remember a dream was pleasant thoughts or nice things you thought about?

  • A "nightmare" is everything you don't want to remember.

  • Yeah, the girl who said no to you at that dance, yeah, your boss giving you extra work.

  • Mm-hmm.

  • Being married to me.

  • [Laughs] Or getting killed or chased by an elephant.

  • All those bad things, those are nightmares.

  • Mm-hmm. That's right.

  • You don't need nightmares, but they happen when you have a bad night's sleep.

  • All right? Sometimes you'll have a nightmare and toss and turn.

  • If you're paying attention, I'm showing you how you can use these words together because

  • some of them don't go together. All right?

  • And finally, my favourite one: "snore". [Snores] Ah.

  • This is to make noise so other people can't sleep, and some people snore so badly they can't sleep.

  • [Laughs] If this has ever happened to you: "[Snores and gasps]", you need to see a doctor

  • because you've got some really bad snoring problems.

  • It's that awful noise people make when they're sleeping that wake you up, and you go:

  • "Please go to... Wake up, wake up, I can't sleep."

  • All right?

  • So we've looked at the good and the bad, and I'm going to say the ugly.

  • I've got a question mark for these ones.

  • You might say: "Why are these in green?"

  • Well, because they have with sleep, because like the good, you actually go to sleep.

  • You are unconscious.

  • I'm not going to say "asleep", because "unconscious" and "asleep" aren't exactly the same thing.

  • If I punch you really hard, you'll be unconscious.

  • I don't think you'd say: "I went to sleep."

  • [Laughs] Okay?

  • That being said, it's a bad type of sleep.

  • And how do we get there?

  • Well, let's take a look.

  • Okay? I'm going to start with "doze off".

  • I know it's in the middle, but there's a reason.

  • "Dozing off" is when you have one of those friends who likes to talk, and you're like: