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  • Stanford University.

  • Right now, the technology for automated vehicles

  • is moving really fast.

  • But to actually integrate them into society,

  • there are a lot of considerations that humans

  • do subconsciously, intuitively.

  • We have to program vehicles to make these same kinds

  • of decisions in the same kinds of scenarios,

  • and it's really important to do so in an ethical, morally

  • responsible way.

  • Programmers are going to, ahead of time, decide how

  • these autonomous vehicles maneuver.

  • And human drivers often will violate traffic laws

  • in order to maintain vehicle safety and occupant comfort.

  • If you are programming an autonomous vehicle

  • and you encounter an obstacle in the middle of your lane,

  • what do you do?

  • Because a human driver would go around the obstacle and violate

  • the double yellow line, assuming that it's clear.

  • But do we program the autonomous vehicle

  • to actually ahead of time decide to break the law?

  • We can treat that as a very harsh, strict constraint,

  • and the vehicle will have to come to a complete stop

  • in order to not hit the obstacle.

  • Another option would be to minimize how much it violates

  • the double yellow line and veer very closely

  • to the obstacle, very uncomfortable

  • for the occupants in the passenger seat.

  • The third scenario is to enter the oncoming traffic

  • lane to give more space to the obstacle

  • as you maneuver around it.

  • The car itself is moving based on algorithms.

  • And these algorithms that we use have different constraints as

  • well as costs.

  • And we tune them to tell it how far

  • away to be from an obstacle, how close to get to an obstacle.

  • The car itself doesn't care.

  • In a way, we can translate human comfort, human safety

  • into these numerical constraints and costs.

  • The vehicles are going to be what's

  • making the decisions now, and so we need to somehow translate

  • social behavior, ethical behavior into what

  • happens once the vehicle finally takes full control.

  • For more, please visit us at

Stanford University.


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B1 中級 美國腔

斯坦福大學的研究人員討論了自動車的倫理問題 (Stanford researchers discuss the ethics of autonomous vehicles)

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    alex 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日