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  • Believe it or not, one of the world’s most coveted status symbols is a caterpillar with

    不管你信不信,世界上最令人垂涎的身份象徵之一是一條毛毛蟲,它的名字叫 "毛毛蟲"。

  • a fungus growing out of its face.

    臉上長出了菌類。

  • I’m Anna, and this is Gross Science.

    我是安娜,這裡是 "噁心的科學"。

  • On the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas, ghost moth caterpillars live underground,

    在青藏高原和喜馬拉雅山,鬼蛾毛蟲生活在地下。

  • keeping warm and eating plant roots til they turn into adult ghost moths.

    保暖和吃植物的根,直到它們變成成蟲鬼蛾。

  • That is, unless they get infected with the fungus Ophiocordyceps sinensis. The fungus

    也就是說,除非它們感染了真菌Ophiocordyceps sinensis。這種真菌

  • enters a caterpillar’s body in summer or autumn, and it starts to grow in threads through

    夏天或秋天進入毛毛蟲的身體,它開始通過線狀生長。

  • the caterpillar’s organs, eating it from the inside out. Brainwashed by the fungus,

    毛毛蟲的器官,從裡到外把它吃掉。被真菌洗腦。

  • the caterpillar crawls upward until it’s just below the surface of the soil, where

    毛毛蟲向上爬行,直到它的表面以下的土壤,並在那裡。

  • it dies.

    它死了。

  • In the spring, a long, brown fungal stalk bursts from the caterpillar’s head. It pops

    春天的時候,毛毛蟲的頭頂上會冒出一條長長的褐色菌柄。它爆裂開來

  • through the soil to send out its spores, which infect other caterpillarsand the circle

    通過土壤發出孢子,感染其他毛蟲---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------循環往復

  • of life and parasitism continue.

    的生活和寄生的繼續。

  • Now, you might think that’s the end of the story, but people scour the meadows where

    現在,你可能會認為這是故事的結尾,但人們在草原上搜索,在那裡

  • the fungus grows, hoping to harvest these infected corpses. Why? Well, a pound of the

    真菌的生長,希望能收穫這些被感染的屍體。為什麼這麼說?嗯,一磅的

  • fungus, called yartsa gunbu, can be worth tens of thousands of dollars. In fact, it’s

    菌類,叫yartsa gunbu,可以價值數萬美元。事實上,它的

  • probably the most valuable fungus in the world. That’s because it’s used in traditional

    可能是世界上最有價值的真菌。這是因為它被用於傳統的...

  • Chinese and Tibetan medicine to slow aging, cure cancer, and treat all kinds of other

    中藏藥延緩衰老、治療癌症、治療其他各種。

  • diseases. It’s even sold as an aphrodisiac.

    疾病。它甚至被當做春藥來賣。

  • The science is still out on whether eating yartsa gunbu actually does anything good for

    科學界對吃yartsa gunbu是否真的有什麼好處的問題還沒有答案。

  • your health. But, harvesting it is definitely bad for the fungus. It’s a huge status symbol

    你的健康。但是,收割它對菌類絕對是不利的。它是一種巨大的身份象徵

  • in China, and people have collected so much Ophiocordyceps sinensis that it’s now endangered

    在中國,人們收集了很多麥冬,以至於現在已經瀕臨滅絕了

  • in some places.

    在一些地方,。

  • And, this isn’t just a problem for the parasite, or for the people who eat it or brew it in

    而且,這不僅僅是寄生蟲的問題,也不僅僅是吃寄生蟲的人的問題,也不僅僅是釀造寄生蟲的人的問題。

  • tea. Yartsa gunbu is a big part of the economy in places where it’s harvested, like Tibet

    茶葉。雅爾薩貢布在收穫的地方,如西藏,是經濟的重要組成部分。

  • and Nepal. So, local communities are trying to figure out ways to sustainably harvest

    和尼泊爾。所以,當地社區正在想方設法可持續地收割

  • the fungus. Because for them, this is one parasite that’s worth protecting.

    的真菌。因為對他們來說,這是一種值得保護的寄生蟲。

  • I still feel kind of bad for the caterpillar though.

    不過我還是覺得毛毛蟲挺可憐的。

  • Ew.

    Ew.

Believe it or not, one of the world’s most coveted status symbols is a caterpillar with

不管你信不信,世界上最令人垂涎的身份象徵之一是一條毛毛蟲,它的名字叫 "毛毛蟲"。

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B2 中高級 中文 毛毛蟲 寄生蟲 土壤 收穫 生長 身份

世上最貴的真菌 (The World's Most Expensive Fungus)

  • 80 12
    羅紹桀 發佈於 2016 年 08 月 03 日
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