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  • There are so many wonderful colors in the world - canary yellow, cadmium green, ultramarine.

    這世界上有許多美麗的顏色 - 淡黃、鎘綠,青色

  • ULTRAMARINE!

    青色!

  • But how exactly do we get to see these amazing colors?

    但我們是如何能夠看到這些令人驚嘆的顏色呢?

  • Well all color begins with light. So as the sun beams down overhead, it's actually casting

    嗯,所有的顏色都是透過光線而來的。所以當陽光從你頭頂上照射下來

  • the entire spectrum of colors over you. When that light hits an object - like an apple

    它事實上是將完整的光譜投射下來。當陽光照射到一個物體 - 像是蘋果

  • - the object absorbs some and reflects the rest. Whatever wavelengths of light are reflected

    - 這物體會吸收一部分光線並且反射剩餘的光線。而某些特定波長的光線被反射後

  • back are the colors you see.

    你就看到那些波長所代表的顏色

  • So that ripe apple has a wavelength of about 650 nanometers, which is science talk for

    所以,一顆成熟的蘋果反射的光線波長約在650nm,這就是科學家所說的

  • the color red.

    紅色

  • That amazing kaleidoscope of colors gets seen by your eye through three different types

    你的眼睛看到令人驚艷的萬花筒的顏色

  • of color receptors: red, green and blue (if you didn't know, that’s RGB. now you know).

    是經由眼睛內三種不同的感色受體:紅,綠和藍 (如果你還是不清楚,就是RGB囉。現在知道了吧)

  • Theses are found in cells called cones in the back of your your eye. They are responsible

    你眼睛後方有很多稱做視錐細胞的細胞。它們負責

  • for photopic or daytime vision and see the full spectrum of colors that can be made from

    在白天調適你眼睛的感光,並且它們可以看到所有由紅綠藍顏色

  • these three colors.

    組成的光譜

  • There are also rods in your retina that allow you to see, but they are responsible for scotopic

    在你視網膜上也有視桿細胞,它們也是負責你的視覺,只是它們是負責

  • or night vision.

    光線昏暗時或是夜間的視覺

  • So humans have three color receptors that allow us to see the rainbow, but what if I

    所以人類擁有的這三種顏色受體能夠讓我們看到彩虹

  • told you there are animals that have more than three?

    但如果我跟你說,有些動物擁有不只三種呢?

  • Well the mighty mantis shrimp has an incredible twelve different photoreceptors in its eye.

    嗯,看看威武的蝦蛄,牠們眼中擁有高達十二種不同的顏色受體

  • That’s four times more than us! This tiny creature can see a vast array of colors that

    是我們的四倍之多!這小小的生物能夠看到更多我們眼睛不可能看到的

  • are impossible for us to ever see. It’s probably like looking at a quadruple, super

    多種顏色。這大概是一次能看到一個四倍

  • mega rainbow all the time. Wowza****

    超巨大的彩虹。哇!

  • Want to know more about what happens to our eyes? I think you’d love this explanation

    想知道更多有關你眼睛的奧妙嗎?我想你一定想知道

  • why we get those sagging, tired bags under our eyes.

    為什麼我們會有這些鬆弛、疲勞的眼袋於我們眼睛下吧!

There are so many wonderful colors in the world - canary yellow, cadmium green, ultramarine.

這世界上有許多美麗的顏色 - 淡黃、鎘綠,青色

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 顏色 光線 眼睛 受體 波長 看到

我們如何看到這多彩多姿的世界? (How Do We See Color?)

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    Sh, Gang (Aaron) 發佈於 2016 年 08 月 14 日
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