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  • A cop pulls you over for speeding. Fascist! A security guard tells you, “No smoking here." Proto-fascist!


  • An Apple store employee won’t give you your rightful AppleCare refund: diet fascist!

    一個蘋果專賣店的員工不願意接受你合理的 AppleCare 退費要求-飲食法西斯主義者!

  • In today's news cycle, no person is called a fascist more than this man: Donald Trump.


  • If a substantial number of educated people agree that he’s a fascist, why hasn’t this whistleblowing changed his political momentum?


  • Why has he been able to shake it off like it ain’t no thang? Perhaps it's because most people don't really know what fascism is


  • The Oxford English Dictionary defines fascism as: ‘‘An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.’’


  • Hmm..that leaves a lot of room for interpretation.


  • So let’s consider the historical etymology of fascism. That starts with the early Roman Republic.


  • The heads of the Republic, the Praetors, Consuls, and Quaestors, were protected by bodyguards called lictors.

    共和國的領導者:裁判官、長老院以及財務官,他們都由 lictors 這樣的警衛所保護著。

  • When they walked through the streets, the lictors waved a sort of "whacking stick"called a fasces, it's made up of a bundle of birch rods tied together with red cord.

    當這些官員走在路上時,這些 lictors 會揮舞著一種稱為 fasces 的巨大的棍子,它是由一串樺樹枝條,並由紅色的弦綁起而成。

  • As a metaphorical object, the fasces represented the different social classes tied together, working towards a common goal.

    fasces 在象徵意義上代表的是不同社會階級團結一心,朝著一個共同的目標奮鬥。

  • As individual birch rods theyre weak, but as a group they're stronger than their individual parts, like One Direction.

    做為單一的枝條,每個人都很脆弱;但大家結合起來,就比個人更強大。就像 One Direction 樂團。

  • Still perplexed? Don’t feel bad. Italian novelist and philosopher Umberto Eco, who studied language and lived under Mussolini’s reign, agrees that the concept of fascism is confusing.


  • Fascism is a buzzy term. Given that there is not one unifying principle or ideology, it's hard to pin down.


  • For Eco, there are certain sufficient qualities that fascism contains.


  • Conveniently he lists fourteen of these tropes.


  • Such as: Fascists don't take kindly to criticism. They appeal to nationalism through xenophobia.


  • They're built on a frustrated middle class. Fascism gains steam through selective populism - minority rights are given up for the larger group.


  • Newspeak, or simplified, digestible ways of communication rules fascist discourse.


  • The point is not that Donald Trump is a fascist, dear viewer.


  • The point is: does this checklist even help?


  • Has our liberal use of language robbed serious words of their power?


  • In his essay: ‘‘What is fascism?’’ English writer George Orwell argued that fascism as a word, is pretty much meaningless.


  • Even if people could decide on a working definition, it’s overused and watered-down: it's used as a favorite attack from the left to mean anything from a shrewd venture capitalist to a person overly concerned with grammar.


  • They're just sort of insults that people throw around willy-nilly.


  • The larger issue is that when we divorce history from the discussion when people think it’s okay to call a police officer, a telemarketer, or the PTA president a fascist, we remove the historical significance from actual political movements.


  • It belittles the actual suffering that occurred from the pairing of: Hungary andmbös Gyula,

    這樣的舉止蔑視了以下這些組合所造成的傷害 (以下皆為法西斯主義政權,多恐怖統治或極權政治):匈牙利和 Gömbös Gyula、

  • Romania and Ion Antonescu, Austria and Engelbert Dollfuss, Italy and Benito Mussolini, Spain and Francisco Franco, Croatia and Ante Pavelić, Argentina and Juan Perón, Chile and Jorge González von Marées, Portugal and António de Oliveira Salazar, Norway and Vidkun Quisling, and Germany and Adolf Hitler.

    羅馬尼亞與揚.安東內斯庫、奧地利和恩格爾伯特.陶爾斐斯、義大利與墨索里尼、西班牙和佛朗哥、克羅埃西亞與安特.帕維里奇、阿根廷與胡安.裴隆、智利和 Jorge González von Marées、葡萄牙與安東尼奧.德.奧利維拉.薩拉查、挪威和維德孔.吉斯林,還有德國與希特勒。

  • News stories that say things like: "Neo-Nazis worship Taylor Swift as an Aryan Goddess who’s turning America on to fascism, here’s why" may seem cute.


  • Perhaps it's humorous to call Obama a fascist, or heroic to put a sticker on your guitar, proclaiming that ‘‘this machine kills fascists,’’ but it is distanced from the reality of fascism.


  • "Fascism"as a term has lost its linguistic oomph.


  • The same way it isn’t shocking to hear a person called a racist or a sexist on the daily.


  • When phrases that have significant historical and cultural power become just another catchphrase due to overuse, they lose their power.


  • When we don’t respect the words that we use, the power they hold, and the history they contain, people stop caring.


  • These words are of no use to anyone as swear words.


  • Even if Trump was an actual card-carrying fascist, could we call him out on it?


  • Or have we come to the place as a society where we are completely deprived of the tools to effectively criticize?


  • So dear viewer, have we robbed ourselves of the ability to stop the next fascist dictator?


A cop pulls you over for speeding. Fascist! A security guard tells you, “No smoking here." Proto-fascist!


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川普是法西斯主義者嗎? (Is Trump REALLY a Fascist? – 8-Bit Philosophy)

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    Jacky Avocado Tao 發佈於 2016 年 10 月 06 日