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  • Testosterone is the quintessential male hormone, and it supposedly makes men more manly, right?

    睪固酮是典型的男性荷爾蒙,據說會讓男人更有男子氣概,對吧?

  • Sure, but females have testosterone, too. So what do they do with it?

    當然,但女性也有睪固酮。那睪固酮對女性有什麼功用?

  • Hey everyone, thank you for watching DNews today. I'm Trace.

    大家好,感謝各位收看 DNews,我是 Trace。

  • Testosterone is a sex hormone produced in the adrenal glands, ovaries, and testes.

    睪固酮是由腎上腺、卵巢和睪丸分泌的荷爾蒙。

  • We commonly associate it with men, because it's necessary for the production of sperm.

    我們通常把它與男性聯想在一起,因為它是製造精子的要素。

  • But according to the journal "Maturitas," it's the most abundant sex steroid in women throughout their lifespan.

    但根據醫學期刊《Maturitas》顯示,它是女性一生中最豐沛的性類固醇。

  • In cisgender populations, men have 10 times more testosterone in their body than women,

    在順性別人群中,男性體內的睪固酮量是女性的 10 倍。

  • pushing around 4 to 10mg of the hormone per day through their bloodstreams.

    每天血液中運送約 4 至 10 毫克的睪固酮。

  • Testosterone is recognized by the general population, but not well understood,

    睪固酮為大眾所熟知,卻未被充分理解,

  • and even scientists haven't mastered it yet.

    就連科學家也尚未掌握其全貌。

  • Those commercials calling for people with "low T" to talk to their doctorsthat's crazy town!

    那些高喊睪固酮分泌不足的人應該就醫的廣告,簡直是無言亂語。

  • According to "The British Medical Journal" only 0.1% of men in their forties have low T.

    根據《英國醫學期刊》所載,40 多歲的男性中,只有 0.1% 睪固酮分泌不足。

  • So why do people care?

    那人們為什麼還是如此在意?

  • Because we think of it as the hormone for masculinity.

    因為我們認為它是象徵男子氣概的荷爾蒙。

  • High testosterone is equated with manliness and mating success, though, interestingly, it is not associated with actual attractiveness.

    高睪固酮量被與男性氣概與成功繁殖畫上等號。然而,有趣的是,它與實際的吸引力毫無關聯。

  • In one study testing testosterone on female behavior,

    一項測試睪固酮對女性行為影響的研究顯示,

  • women who had believed they'd received testosterone behaved more aggressively toward other women.

    相信自己攝取了睪固酮的女性,對其他女性更有攻擊性。

  • What we think, can influence this whole deal.

    我們的想法會影響整個結果。

  • Most people learned in sex ed that testosterone production kicks in during male puberty.

    多數人從性教育課程中學到,睪固酮從男性青春期開始分泌。

  • The pituitary gland at the base of the brain begins releasing luteinizing hormone, or LH, and follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH.

    位于大腦底部的腦垂體開始釋放黃體成長激素(LH)和濾泡刺激素(FSH)。

  • Together they tell the testes to make testosterone causing development of the penis and testes,

    它們命令睪丸開始製造睪固酮,促成陰莖和睪丸的發育。

  • larger muscles, deeper voices, increased height, and so on and so on.

    發育更發達的肌肉、更低沉的聲音、更高的身高,等等。

  • But in females, 50% of their T comes from their ovaries and adrenal gland throughout their lives;

    但在女性體內,一生中有 50% 的睪固酮來自於卵巢和腎上腺。

  • the rest is naturally converted from base androgens to testosterone elsewhere in the body as needed.

    其餘則根據其它身體部位需求,將雄性激素轉變成睪固酮。

  • Androgens are sort of like, the building blocks of hormones,

    雄性激素有點類似荷爾蒙合成物。

  • like estrogen and testosterone.

    像是雌激素和睪固酮。

  • Testosterone is the skeleton key to so much in our bodies, and the levels in each and every person will vary.

    睾固酮是體內很多部位的萬能鑰匙,每個人體內的含量也不盡相同。

  • Testosterone naturally fluctuates throughout the day, and over our lifetimes.

    睪固酮量每天乃至一生都會自然地波動。

  • Levels usually peak in the morning and then drop throughout the day.

    含量通常在早晨達到顛翻,然後慢慢地下降。

  • In men, they peak during puberty, lowering by 1–2% every year after 40. That's normal.

    就男性而言,睪固酮在青春期達到高峰,在 40 歲後逐年下降 1 至 2%。這是正常現象。

  • But female testosterone production is less well understood overall; which can cause all sorts of issues.

    但整體來說,我們對女性睪固酮分泌的認識更少,而這會導致各種問題。

  • It seems to help grow healthy bones, which is great for women.

    它似乎有助於健康骨骼成長,對女性來說極有益。

  • But upping intake can cause blood clots, cancers, and other deadly issues in all humans.

    但增加攝取量可能會導致人類罹患血栓、癌症以及其它的致命性問題。

  • Successful athletes often have more testosterone, male and female both, but not necessarily.

    成功的運動員不分男女通常擁有較多睪固酮,但這並非必然。

  • Some women with the highest natural levels top men with the lowest natural levels.

    有些具最高睪固酮分泌量的女性,會超越最低分泌量的男性。

  • A single study found 13.7 % of women with testosterone levels higher than the average female athlete.

    一項研究發現,有 13.7% 的女性睪固酮含量高於女性運動員平均值。

  • And when the International Olympic Committee tested the female athletic population of the

    而當國際奧委會在 2011 年韓國大邱奧運對女性運動員進行測試時,

  • 2011 Daegu, South Korea World Championships they found some women

    他們發現約有 1.5% 到 4.7% 的女性,

  • —1.5 to 4.7%—at the lowest male average levels, while 1.8% of the men were within the typical female range.

    其睪固丸酮含量相當於男性最低含量,而有 1.8% 的男性睪固酮含量落在女性正常範圍內。

  • As women enter menopause, testosterone production halts, perhaps to lower libido, but we don’t really know why.

    隨著女性邁入更年期,睪固酮會停止分泌,或許是為了降低性慾,但我們其實並不知道原因。

  • Female testosterone has been connected with female body shape, fertility,

    女性睪固酮常與體型、生育能力

  • and physical changes, athletic abilities, making women nicer to others to gain social standing;

    與身體變化、運動能力相關聯,使女性待人友善以獲得社會地位。

  • it's even been associated with ladies crying to release it to chemically communicate to other people around them.

    甚至有人認為,女性透過哭泣釋放此賀爾蒙,與周遭的人進行化學交流。

  • Another study found women taking testosterone were more opinionated and less productive while in groups, focusing more on themselves.

    另一項研究發現,服用睪固酮補劑的女性在群體中常固執己見、工作效率低,以自我為中心。

  • And yet another study on top of that, found that testosterone boosted lady libido,

    還有另一項研究指出,睪固酮可以提高女性性慾。

  • but study participants in that one were also on antidepressants.

    不過該研究的受試者同時也正服用抗憂鬱劑。

  • So again, testosterone is not well understood; and even though we know more about it with men,

    我重申:即使我們較熟悉睪固酮對男性的影響,卻未能窺其全貌。

  • we're still kind of bumbling overall.

    整體理解仍嫌不足。

  • There's not even a strong connection between testosterone and physical violence;

    睪固酮甚至沒有與肢體暴力的直接關聯性。

  • but if you ask the average person they would say that there is.

    但你如果詢問任何一個人,他們一定會說有關聯。

  • What we do know, is testosterone prepares the body to respond to competition, sexuality, and changes in social status.

    我們所知道的是,睪固酮使身體對於競爭、性慾和社會地位改變作出回應。

  • But outside of that, science gets a little nebulous.

    但在那之外,科學變得有點模糊不清。

  • Ultimately, there doesn't seem to be an exact testosterone number that's right for everyone.

    總而言之,似乎沒有一個特定的睪固酮數量適合每個人。

  • Do you have a science question? Do you want to know more about something?

    你也有科學問題嗎?你想知道更多知識嗎?

  • Go ahead and tell us down in the comments.

    請在底下留言區告訴我們。

  • But why doesn't the general public have a better understanding of sexuality and sexual health?

    為什麼大家不太懂關於性向和性健康的知識呢?

  • Maybe because we're educating wrong?

    或許是教育出了問題?

  • Julia's got a great video on sex edwhat works and what doesn't. Check that out right here.

    Julia 做了一支影片在講性教育成功和失敗的地方。你可以點這裡看影片。

  • But more recently, in 2010, funding was also put towards what's called comprehensive sex ed.

    最近,在 2010 年,更多資金投入了全面性性教育。

  • This can also emphasize waiting to have sex, but it also talks about how to keep yourself safe.

    他強調了要延後首次性行為的時間點,以及如何保護自己。

  • Like how to use a condom, what birth control options are out there, that kind of thing.

    像是如何使用保險套、避孕有什麼選擇,類似這些話題。

  • Thank you for watching DNews. We'll see you tomorrow with more videos.

    感謝收看DNews,我們明天見。

Testosterone is the quintessential male hormone, and it supposedly makes men more manly, right?

睪固酮是典型的男性荷爾蒙,據說會讓男人更有男子氣概,對吧?

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你有多少睪丸激素? (How Much Testosterone Do You Have?)

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    陳叔華 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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