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  • What if I told you that the government effectively punishes poor people for working?

    如果我告訴你窮人會因為辛勤工作而被政府懲罰,你會怎麼想?

  • Sound too sad to be true?

    聽起來慘到不像是真的?

  • Let me tell you a story.

    讓我告訴你一個故事吧

  • I once had a student who interned at Florida's welfare program for low-income families.

    曾經我有位學生在佛羅里達州一個為低收入家庭服務的社福機構實習

  • One day, a distraught mother and her teenage son came into the office.

    有一天,一位憂心忡忡的母親和她的青少年兒子走進了辦公室

  • Their benefits had been cut, and they were unable to pay their bills.

    他們的社福補助被縮減,讓他們沒辦法支付帳單費用

  • And she didn't know why.

    而她完全搞不清原因

  • My student searched and searched to figure out why this was the case.

    我的學生反覆搜查,想找出補助被裁減的原因

  • And he made an unsettling discovery.

    最終有了一個令人不安的發現

  • It turns out that the teenage son had worked additional hours at his part-time job.

    原來那名正值青少年的兒子在打工時額外排了更多的班次

  • He had been doing good work.

    他的工作表現良好

  • And his boss extended the number of hours.

    讓老闆決定延長他的工作時數

  • And this allowed the teenage son to bring home more income to the family.

    而這也使這位青少年能為家裡賺進更多收入

  • But that little bit of extra money reduced the public assistance that the family was eligible for.

    然而正是因為這多賺的一點點錢,讓該家庭適用的政府支援計畫補助金額減少了

  • In fact, the cut was so deep that those extra hours worked actually lowered the total income the family had to live on.

    事實上,兒子額外工作的時數甚至無法填補缺乏補助所造成的資金缺口,讓整個家庭賴以維生的總收入比以前更低

  • This is a horrible situation, one faced by millions of families.

    這是個非常糟糕的狀況,而數百萬的家庭都曾面對過這樣的困境

  • Instead of experiencing a gradual decline in benefits as their earnings increase, the government abruptly strips the benefits away.

    政府並沒有將補助隨著家庭收入的提升緩緩下降,而是唐突地將補助直接收回

  • It punishes them for working.

    這等同於對他們工作的懲罰

  • Now imagine if you and your family were struggling financially.

    想像你與你的家人們在財務上面臨了困境

  • And you had the opportunity to work additional hours or take a job.

    在你面前出現了能夠排更多的班,或是開始一個新工作的機會

  • But in doing so you would actually make your family worse off.

    但這樣做其實反而會讓整個家庭負擔更重

  • How would you respond to these perverse incentives?

    面對這樣違反常理的負面誘因,你會怎麼做?

  • You'd likely scale back on the number of hours worked or not take the job.

    你很可能會就此維持原本的排班量,或是放棄新工作

  • While individual programs attempt to reduce benefits gradually, they often do so at the same time.

    而針對個人的補助計畫雖然在設計之初也是希望能逐漸降低補助額,但它們往往也會有和家戶式補助計畫有同樣問題

  • And this can result in a large, abrupt reduction in benefits.

    最後可能會導致高額且唐突的補助減縮

  • At times, individual programs also have abrupt, sudden declines in benefits.

    有時,針對個人的補助計畫議會有唐突且急劇的補助減縮

  • Take, for example, the federal food stamp program, SNAP.

    在此以美國的聯邦食物券計畫,補充營養協助計畫 (SNAP) 作為例子

  • For a parent with two children, the benefits are gradually reduced as earnings approach $30,000.

    針對扶養兩名孩童的一位家長,隨著家長的收入上升達到 $30000 美元補助會逐漸減少

  • But once the parent earns over $30,000, the benefits suddenly drop.

    然而一旦家長的收入超過 $30000 美元,補助便會唐突地縮減

  • This is crazy! Whatever you think about public assistance for the poor, we can all agree that this is the wrong way to do it.

    這狀況太瘋狂了!不論你對於政府救助窮人抱持著怎麼樣的想法,我們都能一致同意這不是正確的做法。

  • People should be rewarded, not punished, when they work.

    人們應該為辛勤工作而得到獎勵,而非懲罰。

  • The welfare system is so poorly designed that it is trapping many people that it was created to help.

    這個福利系統設計得過於粗陋,不但沒有幫助到本來設計來幫助的人,反而還讓他們受困在貧窮之中

  • My name is Sean Mulholland, professor of economics.

    我的名字是 Sean Mulholland,一名經濟學教授

  • And I believe there are ways to fix the system.

    我相信能有可以補救這個系統的方法。

  • If you'd like to learn more about these issues and explore potential alternatives, please join me for a free online program at Learn Liberty Academy.

    如果你想瞭解更多此類問題並探索可能的替代方案,請在「學習自由主義學院」中一起參與我的免費線上課程

  • Please click here to register.

    請點擊這裡註冊

  • I hope to see you there.

    期待在課程中看到你

What if I told you that the government effectively punishes poor people for working?

如果我告訴你窮人會因為辛勤工作而被政府懲罰,你會怎麼想?

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B1 中級 中文 補助 計畫 收入 家庭 工作 政府

為什麼窮人會一直窮下?! (Working More to Earn Less | Why the Poor Stay Poor | Learn Liberty)

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    Peter Yang 發佈於 2021 年 06 月 24 日
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