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  • Myself, herself, etc., a la Shmoop.

  • Irene drove herself to the airport...

  • ...where she put herself on a flight to Paris...

  • ...because she hopes to find herself while backpacking around Europe.

  • While Irene may have some serious soul-searching to do, at least she's already discovered how

  • to use reflexive pronouns correctly. Reflexive pronouns include the words "myself",

  • "yourself", "himself", "herself", "itself", "ourselves", and "themselves".

  • This particular brand of pronoun is never used as the subject of a sentence...

  • ...but only as a sentence's object. Why?

  • Because, just as the name "reflexive pronoun" suggests, the pronoun reflects back on a sentence's

  • subject. For example, if we got a postcard from Irene

  • that said, "Myself climbed the Matterhorn today"...

  • ...we'd laugh hysterically because that sentence is... really wrong. The reflexive pronoun

  • "myself" doesn't work as the subject of the sentence.

  • However, if Irene's postcard instead said, "I treated myself to a gondola ride in Venice

  • today"...

  • ...or, "I took myself to see the battlefield at Waterloo"...

  • ...we wouldn't laugh at Irene, not only because she's correctly using reflexive pronouns as

  • objects...

  • ...but also because we'd be jealous of her European wanderings.

  • Let's look at some more examples involving reflexive pronouns.

  • Say we have the sentence, "Irene sat herself down to a delicious meal of paella <<pie-AY-uh>>

  • in Spain."

  • The object "herself" reflects back on the subject of the sentence, Irene.

  • Or say we have the sentence, "The cute guy at the club in Rome told himself Irene wouldn't

  • mind if he danced a little too close to her."

  • Here, the object "himself" reflects back on the subject of the sentence, our nameless

  • male club-goer...

  • ...who might want to rethink how he approaches girls who don't know him.

  • We can also use reflexive pronouns to add emphasis to a sentence.

  • For example, Irene could send us another postcard that said, "I myself ran with the bulls in

  • Pamplona"...

  • ...or perhaps, "I went to the topless beach at Biarritz <<BEE-uh-ritz>> myself."

  • Take away the reflexive pronouns in these two sentences, and we lose the drama of Irene

  • running through some very narrow streets with some very angry bulls...

  • ...and the drama of Irene wandering around with lots of topless European women on a sunny

  • summer afternoon.

  • Nope, that wasn't an awkward experience at all, was it, Irene?

  • We use reflexive pronouns as objects in a sentence when we want to reflect back on the

  • sentence's subject...

  • ...or when we want to add emphasis to a sentence.

  • And now, it's time for Irene to get herself back to the States.

  • Europe's been a blast, but she's really missing chicken nuggets, Snickers bars...and her mother.

Myself, herself, etc., a la Shmoop.

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我自己、自己等由Shmoop提供 (Myself, Herself, etc. by Shmoop)

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