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For decades, English has dominated the world's languages.
Around the turn of the millennium, about a quarter of the world's population could communicate in English to some degree.
But with changing world demographics and globalization, the languages we all use are sure to change in form and popularity.
So we wanted to know, what is the future of language?
Well, there are certainly competing ideas about what will become the most widely spoken language.
But one thing is agreed upon: that the total number of languages worldwide will drop considerably.
Today, there are about 7,000 languages spoken around the globe.
But this number is thought to drop by about 90%, although new hybrid languages are expected to spring up, maintaining culture and diversity.
Even today, nearly two-thirds of the world natively speaks only one of twelve languages.
Most language predictions are based on population growth, with China and India taking the lead.
Another somewhat questionable prediction, has been that French will become the most spoken language within the same time period.
Although today French is natively spoken by roughly 220 million, that number is expected to increase to roughly 750 million.
And the study suggests it will eclipse both Chinese and English.
A major reason for this assumption is that a number of African nations speak French, and Africa's current economic growth is a strong predictor of a rapid population growth.
Still, many have criticized this view, saying that French-speaking nations in Africa don't actually represent the total number of French speakers.
But while population growth is a good measure of native language rates, it may actually be English as a second language that dominates the world.
For example, although Chinese is spoken by more people, English is spoken in three times as many countries.
Furthermore, Chinese is considered more complicated to learn than English, and is not used nearly as often in scientific communication.
It is also important to note that English has the considerable advantage of already being the predominant language for print, education, media, and most importantly, the internet.
Many estimates also predict that Spanish and Arabic will see a huge influx of both native and secondary speakers,
with Spanish already the second most spoken language in the United States.
The future of language is easy to see: most languages will die out, and existing languages in countries with rapid population growth will naturally see the greatest rise.
But the most likely scenario is that the world will continue to globalize through the English language, largely through non-native speakers.
The world has over 7,000 languages. To learn more about the most common languages spoken, watch our video.
Technically, Chinese is a macro language made up of seven major groups, spread out over more than two hundred different dialects.
In particular, Mandarin represents the vast majority of Chinese speakers, some seventy percent.
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【生活知識】未來世界語言是什麼?

52765 分類 收藏
richardwang 發佈於 2017 年 11 月 22 日

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你喜歡學習語言嗎?根據不同的語言學家統計,世界上總共有 4000 至 7000 種語言,但是預計於這個世紀末會有許多較弱勢的語言絕跡。今天的影片在探討未來世界的語言分布會是什麼樣子,對語言有興趣的你快來看看吧!

1
dominate0:04
dominate 的意思是「佔優勢」,也可以是「支配」,後者常帶有比較負面的意涵。影片中的用法是指英文在世界語言中「佔優勢」或是「具優勢地位」,而不是指「支配」世界。但仔細想想,佔優勢的人、事、物,有時確實也比較可能支配其他的人、事、物。
The British Empire dominated many parts of the world during the colonial era.
在殖民時期,大英帝國支配了世界很多地方。


dominate 相關的形容詞是 dominant,意思是「佔優勢的」、「有統治權力的;支配的」。
According to some scietific studies, the dominant species in this ecosystem is fox.
根據ㄧ些科學研究,這個生態系具優勢的物種是狐狸。


*同場加映
這部影片告訴你要怎麼利用網路行銷手法 dominate Google!


2
competing0:23
compete 這個字原本是動詞,意思是「競爭」或是「競賽」,在影片中加上 ing 之後用法和作用是形容詞,放在 ideas 前面,意思是「旗鼓相當的想法」。很多人會把 competecomplete 搞混,這兩個字只差了一個 l,但是意思完全不一樣,complete 是指 「完成(一件事情)」。compete 的名詞是 competition,意思理所當然是「競爭」或是「比賽」,一般比較常會指運動型的比賽。
There are several competing athletes in the swimming competition this year.
今年在游泳競賽中有幾位實力相當的選手。

Two people will have to compete in the final round for the champion.
兩人將在最後一回合角逐冠軍。


3
drop0:31
drop 這個字用途相當廣,大多都和「落下」這個概念相關。今天影片中的 drop 是指「減少」,相似的用法也會用在說明溫度的時候,意思是「下降」。這兩種用法後面都不可以直接加上名詞,屬於不及物動詞。
The temperature will drop by 5 degrees becasue of the upcoming cold front.
因為即將到來的冷鋒,溫度將會下降 5 度。


drop 也可以指「使落下、弄掉」,後面可以直接加上名詞作為受詞,此用法屬於及物名詞。
He dropped and broke a glass because of his recklessness.
他因為不小心,弄掉並打破了一個杯子。


另一個和 drop 相關的片語是 drop by,但就和「落下」或是「下降」沒有直接相關。drop by 的意思是「順道拜訪」。
I dropped by my parentsˈ place and gave them some delicious fruit today.
我今天順道拜訪我爸媽,並給了他們一些好吃的水果。


4
hybrid0:38
hybrid 這個字常常在遺傳學裡面使用,意思是「混種」。而這個字一般而言就是指「混合體」、「混合物」。
The hybrid tulip is more beautiful than a normal one becasue of its unique color.
那混種鬱金香比一般的鬱金香還好看,因為它有種獨特的顏色。

The style of the singerˈs songs is a hybrid of country music and pop music.
那歌手的音樂風格是鄉村音樂和流行音樂的混合。


*同場加映
這部影片介紹了波音飛機,喜歡飛行的你快來看看吧!


5
influx1:56
influx 的意思是「湧入」、「匯集」。在影片中的意思是指西班牙語和阿拉伯語將會有大量的使用者,因此也是用 influx 這個字表達。
Becasue of the ongoing civil war in Syria, Europe is expecting an influx of Syrian refugees.
因為敘利亞持續的內戰,歐洲預計將會有敘利亞難民的湧入。

The school cannot handle the influx of students, so the government is building a new one to accomodate more students.
因為這所學校無法處理湧入的學生,所以政府正在蓋一所新學校以容納更多學生。


未來的語言會是什麼樣子確實很難預測,但不可避免的就是一些國際常用語言的壯大。雖說如此,但學習語言有時候還是一件很有趣的事情,也不見得要想這麼多,學就對了!

*Pronunciation Challenge
每日口說挑戰從這部影片節錄一句英文,配上主持人詳細的講解,讓你輕鬆搞懂英文發音!


文/ Kuan
編輯/ Henry

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