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  • Hello, everyone. I am Niharika. Welcome back. Well, in today's lesson, we are going to look at types of tea.

    大家好,我是Niharika,歡迎回來,在今天的課程裡,我們要介紹各個種類的茶。

  • So, what comes to your mind when you think or talk about tea, well, the aroma, the taste, tradition, or social gathering?

    當你想到或講到茶,你腦海中會出現什麼呢,香氣、口味、傳統或是社交集會?

  • Well, all these beautiful elements are associated with the wonderful beverage called Tea.

    這些美好的元素都跟這個稱作茶的奇妙飲料有關。

  • So, in today's lesson we are gonna look at the different types of tea, in fact, the most popular ones in the world

    所以,在今天的課程我們要來看看各種不同的茶,事實上,也是世界上最受歡迎的,

  • because many people have no clue how to serve different types of tea or how a type of tea should be taken.

    因為許多人不知道如何泡不同種類的茶,或是某一種茶該怎麼喝。

  • So, that's what you are gonna learn, and let's get started.

    所以,這就是你正要學的,讓我們開始吧。

  • The first one is English Breakfast.

    首先是英國早餐茶。

  • Well, English Breakfast is one of the most common type of tea that you would find in the world.

    英國早餐茶是世界上最常見的茶之一。

  • Well, it was initially just called as Breakfast Tea and it was developed by the tea master.

    原本只稱作早餐茶,並由一位茶葉專家發揚光大。

  • He was, in fact, a Scottish tea master, his name was Drysdale.

    他其實是一位蘇格蘭茶葉專家,名字是Drysdale。

  • So, Drysdale was the one who developed this type of tea, and, in fact, it is a blend of fine black teas including the Keemun Tea.

    所以說,Drysdale將這種茶發揚光大,實際上他還混合了良好的紅茶,包括祁門紅茶。

  • So, why the name English Breakfast?

    那麼,為何叫英國早餐茶呢?

  • Well, eventually this type of tea was extremely popular in England,

    這種茶最終在英國變得非常受歡迎,

  • so the London, you know, tea shops or the tea stores renamed it to English Breakfast

    所以倫敦茶商將它重新命名為英國早餐茶

  • because it is said that the aroma of this tea is very similar to a fresh hot toast from the oven.

    因為據說這種茶的香味很像剛從烤箱裡出來的土司。

  • So, well, maybe that's exactly the reason why it is named as English Breakfast Tea.

    所以,或許這就是它被取名為英國早餐茶的原因。

  • And how this tea should be served? Well, it should be served with milk or lemon.

    那麼這種茶要怎麼喝呢?要加牛奶或是檸檬。

  • But please do not mix lemon and milk together because that would curdle the milk, right?

    但請不要檸檬和牛奶一起加,因為那會使牛奶凝結,對吧?

  • So, either it can be served with milk or with lemon, okay?

    它可以連同牛奶或者檸檬一起享用,可以嗎?

  • Now let's have a look at the second one, Irish Breakfast. Well, surprisingly, Irish are great tea drinkers.

    現在我們再來看看第二個,愛爾蘭早餐茶。令人驚訝地是愛爾蘭人很會喝茶。

  • Well, I learned it when I was looking for the information about tea. I didn't know that.

    當我在找茶葉的資料時學到的。之前我還不知道呢。

  • So, Irish people are great tea drinkers and they brew their tea very strong.

    愛爾蘭人很會喝茶,而且他們會把茶泡很濃。

  • So, the flavor of Irish Breakfast Tea is extremely robust, and because of its strong taste, people tend to add sugar, and, of course, it's taken with milk.

    所以愛爾蘭早餐茶的味道是非常濃郁的,因為它強烈的口味,人們傾向於加糖,當然還有牛奶。

  • But never with cream; cream is for coffee, okay?

    但絕不加奶油;奶油是配咖啡的,懂吧?

  • So, you add milk and sugar to this type of tea.

    所以,這種茶你要加牛奶和糖。

  • In fact, you know there's a saying among the Irish people

    事實上,愛爾蘭人有句諺語

  • that "A perfect cup of tea should be as strong to drop a mouse from it."

    「一杯完美的茶應該要濃郁到醉倒一隻老鼠。」

  • Pretty interesting, right?

    很有趣,對吧?

  • So, that's a famous saying, so, yes, the aroma of Irish Breakfast Tea is extremely robust and strong. Okay?

    那是一個有名的諺語,所以,對,愛爾蘭早餐茶非常濃郁且強烈的。可以嗎?

  • The next one, Earl Grey.

    下一個,伯爵茶。

  • Well, that's one of my favorites.

    這是其中一個我最喜歡的。

  • Well, Earl Grey Tea...well, there was this man named Earl Grey,

    伯爵茶的部分...有一位葛雷伯爵,

  • who was also a Prime Minister years ago under William IV.

    他也在威廉四世時擔任了幾年的首相。

  • Well, of course, this type of tea is named after him.

    當然,這種茶正是以他命名的。

  • The reason because it's believed that a Chinese Mandarin offered a blend of black tea in order to influence trade relations.

    因為據說中國清朝人為了促進貿易關係送給伯爵一種混合紅茶。

  • So, that's a possibility that why this type of tea was named as Earl Grey.

    這可能就是這種茶被取名為Earl Grey的原因了。

  • So, in fact, it is a mix of black tea, it's the blend of black tea and bergamot oil.

    事實上,這是一種混合的紅茶,紅茶混合了佛手柑油。

  • And it's served plain, without sugar, without milk, without cream; it's just served plain.

    而且喝的時候不加其他東西,不用加糖、牛奶和奶油;就是泡完直接飲用。

  • Okay, that's Earl Grey for you.

    好了,這就是伯爵茶的介紹。

  • And the next one that we have is the Darjeeling Tea.

    下一個是大吉嶺茶。

  • Well, Darjeeling Tea is grown in the mountain areas of India.

    大吉嶺茶葉生長於印度山區以及高海拔地區。

  • And the high altitude, the mountain altitude, and the misty, the very gentle misty rains are perfect combination to grow this unique flavor, or a light-flavored tea.

    高緯度、山的高度、霧氣和淡淡霧氣覆蓋的雨量,是種植這種味道獨特或是風味清淡的茶的完美結合。

  • So, Darjeeling Tea is extremely light-flavored.

    所以大吉嶺茶的風味非常淡雅。

  • And, in fact, even this tea is to be taken without milk, there are a few people who like Darjeeling tea to be served with a dash of lemon.

    而且這個茶不用加牛奶,有一些人喜歡喝大吉嶺茶加上一點檸檬汁。

  • But without lemon, without milk, this tea is just perfect because it has a unique aroma that people love it.

    但不用檸檬和牛奶,這茶就已經很完美了,因為它有種人們都喜歡的獨特香氣。

  • So, that's Darjeeling tea for you.

    好,介紹完大吉嶺茶了。

  • Another type is Oolong Tea.

    另一種就是烏龍茶。

  • Well, Oolong tea belongs to China.

    烏龍茶源自於中國。

  • It was grown in China but now it's very much grown in Taiwan, and it's called as Elegant Tea.

    生長於中國,但現在也有很多生長於台灣,也被稱為東方美人茶。

  • In fact, it has another name to it as well.

    事實上它還有其他的名稱。

  • It's also known as Champagne of teas.

    也就是茶界中的香檳。

  • So, again, Oolong tea has this amazing aroma; it's across between black tea and the green tea, and it has a very unique aroma to it.

    所以,再說一次,烏龍茶也有很棒的香味;它的獨特香味介於紅茶和綠茶之間。

  • In fact, the tea leaves are fermented.

    事實上,它的茶葉是經過發酵的。

  • They are fermented to achieve this delicious fruity aroma or delicious fruity taste to it.

    讓它發酵到散發出美味的果香,或是水果的口味。

  • So, if you haven't tried Oolong tea then you should because it's different and it's just amazing.

    所以,如果你還沒喝過烏龍茶,那你應該要試試,因為它很特別而且令人驚歎。

  • And, the next one, Green Tea.

    下一個是綠茶。

  • Well, I am gonna explain Green Tea and White Tea together because they are pretty similar to each other.

    我要一起解釋綠茶和白茶因為他們非常相似。

  • Both the tea are made out of Camellia sinensis plant, okay, which is famously known as the tea plant.

    它們都是蠻有名的茶樹種發酵製成的,懂嗎,就是常聽到的茶樹。

  • And they are very lightly processed so that the leaves of this type of tea, they are made out of Camellia sinensis plant.

    而且這種茶葉製程較短,他們是茶樹發酵製成的。

  • They are very lightly processed to prevent oxidation, and they are lightest and the purest form of the teas.

    它們製程較短是為了防止氧化,是最輕微和最純粹的茶種。

  • And, in fact, has extremely wonderful health benefits.

    而且,事實上,他們其實還非常有益身體健康。

  • So, if, in case you are very concerned about your health, you wanna be fit, you want glowing skin, then Green Tea and White Tea are just perfect. Okay?

    所以,假如你非常注重你的健康狀況,你想要塑身,你想要美容,那麼綠茶和白茶就是首選。可以嗎?

  • And then the last one that we have for you is Masala Chai.

    再來最後一個要介紹給你的是香料茶。

  • It's also called as Indian Tea with spices, and it is prepared by boiling water, milk, and the tea, of course.

    也稱作印度香料茶,要準備滾水、牛奶,當然還有茶。

  • It's either in the form of tea bags or tea powder, and a lot of spices are added while boiling this, cardamom, cinnamon, pepper, and even ginger.

    這也可以變成茶包和茶粉,並和香料煮沸,像是小豆蔻、肉桂、胡椒和薑。

  • So, all these spices are added in order to make the Masala chai.

    這些香料的添加都是為了製成香料茶。

  • It's delicious; it has a very different aroma, a very Indian aroma to it, and also has a lot of health benefits.

    這很美味;而且有一種非常不一樣的香味,非常印度的香味,也有益身體健康。

  • So, if you are suffering from high cholesterol or if you have bad sore throat, then this chai is perfect. Okay?

    所以,如果你有高膽固醇,或是嚴重的喉嚨痛,那麼這種茶就是首選。可以嗎?

  • So, it's either called as Masala Chai or it's called as Masala Tea or Tea with Indian spices. Okay?

    這也稱作Masala Chai、Masala Tea,或是印度香料茶。可以嗎?

  • Alright, so, this brings me to the end of this lesson.

    好了,那麼,我的課程在這也要結束了。

  • These are the types of tea; if you had no idea, well, I hope this lesson is helpful to you and now that you know these are the types of tea.

    這些是各個種類的茶;如果你之前不知道,我希望這堂課有幫助到你,現在你知道這些茶了。

  • Go ahead, make a delicious cup of tea for yourself.

    為自己泡一杯美味的茶吧。

  • I will be back with a new lesson 'till then, you take care.

    我會在下一堂課回來,你們保重囉。

Hello, everyone. I am Niharika. Welcome back. Well, in today's lesson, we are going to look at types of tea.

大家好,我是Niharika,歡迎回來,在今天的課程裡,我們要介紹各個種類的茶。

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【實用單字】愛喝茶的你不能錯過!教你各種茶的英文 (English Lesson – Talking about ‘Types Of Tea’ – Learn English Vocabulary)

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    楊鎧瑄 發佈於 2022 年 04 月 26 日
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