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  • [music]

  • Thank you for joining me at Grahame Booth Watercolour Workshops

  • Today I'm going to be looking at Pen and Wash

  • Pen and Wash is a medium that uses watercolour but is fundamentally different

  • It uses line to create an edge rather than a difference in tone

  • I find it more relaxing than watercolour because the pen creates the structure of the painting

  • allowing much more freedom when applying the watercolour

  • I use hot pressed paper for pen and wash

  • HP paper is very smooth which helps when using the pen

  • This can cause some problems with the wash

  • The paper tends to almost repel the colour

  • but when the paint dries there is less dulling than with more textured paper

  • I use two brushes

  • I use a size 6 rigger and a small squirrel mop

  • I use this pen rather than indian ink

  • just make sure the ink is waterproof

  • The subject is a restaurant in Belfast

  • College Green House is the building to the right

  • It has political connections to both parts of Ireland

  • It is important that pen and wash subjects have plenty of line work

  • An open landscape wouldn't really be suitable

  • but an architectural subject like this is perfect

  • I draw directly with the pen

  • Using an initial pencil drawing can make the subsequent pen work look too planned

  • Using the pen directly will result in mistakes

  • but mistakes give more interesting lines!

  • I begin by lightly applying the line and when I'm happy I strengthen the line

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  • Don't commit to detail too early. Make sure your initial drawing is simple but accurate

  • To create extra emphasis I simply use a stronger line

  • I stop the drawing before I think it is finished

  • I like to add more pen after the washes have been applied

  • I apply the washes simply and freely

  • using a variety of colour and strength

  • You can see how the wash is repelled

  • Don't worry about this. It will be fine

  • The red brick colour is a blend of burnt sienna and alizarin crimson

  • Don't colour in!! The effect is better if the wash does not precisely meet the line

  • Remember that the pen has already created the structure of the painting

  • so be free and fresh with the wash

  • I'm using ultramarine and burnt sienna for the doors

  • It is extremely difficult to paint around the white lettering

  • That is why I'm not going too dark with this wash. Artistic licence!!

  • Allow the first wash to dry

  • I now basically repeat the first wash

  • but only partly covering the first wash

  • This is simply to create more variety in the painted wash

  • Remember that painting is not copying a photograph

  • You must create interest in the paint itself

  • even at the expense of " accuracy"

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  • The figures are only suggested

  • It isn't a painting of a family group

  • It is a painting of a building

  • The figures should support, not dominate

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  • Allow the second wash to dry completely

  • It is now time to add the shadows

  • The shadows will create tonal contrast and impact

  • The shadow mix is ultramarine + burnt sienna + alizarin crimson

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  • Allow the shadow wash to dry completely

  • The final brushwork will add dark details

  • Mix ultramarine with burnt sienna and very little water

  • It should be as dark and strong as the ink

  • Using the brush I can create bigger darker areas that add to the impact

  • The pen could be used for this but the brush is cleaner, fresher and faster

  • These little dark areas are so important

  • They really add impact

  • Edges of windows and doorways will always be darker

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  • I also strengthen up some of the lighter areas

  • It is vital not to cover all of a previous wash

  • Keep light in your painting

  • Light must be left. It cannot be added

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  • Finally I will use my pen to reinforce some existing lines

  • and to add a few new lines if necessary

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  • Thank you for joining me

  • I hope you enjoyed the demonstration

  • If you haven't tried pen and wash

  • Have a go. It is really good fun

  • but remember the waterproof ink

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B1 中級

莫利的院子 (Mollys Yard)

  • 158 16
    Tsao Rudy 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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