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  • Me, myself, and I.

    我(受格)、我自己和我(主格)

  • You may be tempted to use these words interchangeably

    你有可能會混用這三個字

  • because they all refer to the same thing,

    因為他們指的都是同樣的主體

  • but in fact, each one has a specific role in a sentence.

    但事實上在一個句子裡,它們都有自己的角色

  • "I" is a subject pronoun,

    I 是主詞,也是代名詞

  • "me" is an object pronoun,

    me 是受詞,也是代名詞

  • and "myself" is a reflexive or intensive pronoun.

    而myself則是加強語氣的反身代名詞

  • So what does that reveal about where each word belongs?

    所以它們三個在句中的位置,又有甚麼更進一步的道理呢?

  • Let's start with the difference between subject and object.

    先從主格和受格的差異看起吧!

  • Imagine the subject as the actor in a sentence

    想像一下,主格是句子裡的演員

  • and the object as the word that is acted upon.

    而受格是被動作加諸於上

  • "I invited her but she invited me."

    我邀請她(Michelle),但是她(Lucy)邀請了我。

  • The object can also be the object of a preposition.

    受格又可以放在介係詞之後

  • "She danced around me, while he shimmied up to me."

    她(Lucy)在我身旁婆娑起舞,但是他卻在一旁搗亂

  • In some languages, like Latin and Russian,

    在拉丁語或俄文中

  • most nouns have different forms that distinguish subjects from objects.

    許多名詞以不同的形式來區分主格與受格

  • However, in English, that's only true of pronouns.

    然而,以英語來看,只有代名詞才是如此

  • But so long as you know how to distinguish subjects from objects,

    或許你已經知道要怎麼區分主格與受格了

  • you can figure out what belongs where.

    你仍然可以利用他們句中的位置來辨別

  • And when you encounter a more complicated sentence,

    當你看到一個相當複雜的句子時

  • say one that involves multiple subjects or objects,

    句子裡頭會有許多主格與受格

  • and you're not sure whether to use "I" or "me,"

    即使你還不確定如何分辨我的「主格」或「受格」

  • just temporarily eliminate the other person,

    還是可以暫時先把另一個主體給拿掉

  • and once again distinguish subject from object.

    就能再次區分主格和受格

  • Here's another.

    再一個例子

  • You wouldn't say, "Me heard gossip," but sub in "I" and you're good to go.

    你不能說:「我(受格)聽到了八卦。」應該要用我的「主格」,這樣就對了。

  • Then what about "myself?"

    那我自己(myself)呢?

  • This grand character is often substituted for "me" and "I"

    這位大咖常取代我的「主格」與「受格」

  • because it seems more impressive.

    因為它能加強語氣

  • "Please tell Jack or myself" may sound elegant,

    「請告訴Jack或告訴我。」聽起來文雅許多

  • but in fact, "me" is the right pronoun here.

    事實上,我的「受格」在這裡是對的

  • So where should you use "myself"?

    所以「我自己」應該要用在甚麼地方呢?

  • In its function as a reflexive pronoun,

    以它反身代名詞的功能來看

  • "myself" only works if it's the object of a sentence

    「我自己」(myself)只能用在一個句子的受格位置

  • whose subject is "I."

    而這個句子須以「我」當主詞

  • "I consider myself the most important pronoun at this year's party."

    「今年的派對裡我是最重要的咖了。」

  • "Myself" can also add emphasis as an intensive pronoun.

    我自己(myself)也可以是用來加強語氣的代名詞

  • "I, myself, have heard others agree."

    「我本人已經聽到其他人同意了。」

  • The sentence works without it,

    這句其實不需要「我本身(myself)」

  • but that extra pronoun gives it oomph.

    但是多一個代名詞確實加分不少

  • To check if "myself" belongs in a sentence,

    我自己(myself)是不是能用在一個句子中

  • simply ensure that there's also an "I" that it's reflecting or intensifying.

    只要看句子裡是不是已經有一個主詞「我」,才可以反身強調「我」

  • So that's "me," "myself," and "I,"

    以上就是 我的「受格」、「我自己」和「主格」的用法

  • ever ready to represent you, yourself, and you.

    呼之欲出的是: 你的「受格」、「你自己」和「主格」

Me, myself, and I.

我(受格)、我自己和我(主格)

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 TED-Ed 代名詞 句子 主詞 語氣 主體

TED-Ed】什麼時候用 "我"、"我自己 "和 "我"--艾瑪-布萊斯。 (【TED-Ed】When to use "me", "myself" and "I" - Emma Bryce)

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    SylviaQQ 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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