B1 中級 1465 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Let's discuss the Second Commandment according to the oldest, that is the Jewish, enumeration
of the Ten Commandments. In Christian tradition it is the First Commandment.
The most common translation begins: "You shall have no other gods before me."
The commandment then goes on to prohibit both making idols and worshiping idols.
Most people, when they think of this commandment understandably think that it only prohibits
the worship of idols and the worship of gods such as the ancient pagan gods of rain,
of fertility, all the other nature gods and chief gods such as the Roman Jupiter, and the Greek Zeus.
However, there is a major problem with this understanding of the commandment.
Since no one today worships these gods, let alone worships idols made of stone,
most people think that this commandment is irrelevant to modern life.
The irony, however, is that this commandment is not only relevant to modern life,
it is in many ways the mother of all the other commandments.
Why is it so relevant today? Because today we have as many false gods as the ancients did.
And why it is the mother of all the other commandments? Because if we identify false
gods and avoid worshipping them, we will eliminate one of the greatest barriers to a good world
-- false gods. So, let's begin by defining a false god. The point of biblical monotheism
is that there is only one God and that only this God, the Creator of the universe who
demands that we keep these Ten Commandments, is to be worshipped. Why?
First, because one God means one human race.
Only if we all have the same Creator, or Father, as it were,
are we are all brothers and sisters. Second, having the same parent also means that no person
or group is intrinsically more valuable than any other. And third, one God means one moral
standard for all people. If God declares murder wrong, it is wrong for everyone, and you can't
go to another god for another moral standard.
When anything else is worshipped, bad things result. Not only things that can obviously
lead to evil such as the worship of power, or race, or money, or flag.
But also things that are almost always seen as quite beautiful -- such as art,
or education or even love.
Yes, any of these often wonderful things, when worshipped, can lead to terrible results.
Take art. Many of the cruelest humans in history loved beautiful music and art. But, as a music lover,
I learned early in life the sad fact that great music can be used to inspire people
to follow evil just as much as it can be used to inspire people to do good.
The great Hollywood director Stanley Kubrick vividly made this point in his classic 1971 film,
A Clockwork Orange. In it, men rape and murder while classical music plays in the background.
Take education. We all recognize how important education can be -- from preparing people
to be able to find work to understanding the world. But education in and of itself,
divorced from the higher ends of God and goodness, can lead, and often has, led to great evil.
Many of the best-educated people in Germany supported Hitler and the Nazis.
And almost all of the Western world's supporters of the genocidal regimes of Stalin in the Soviet
Union and Mao in China were highly educated. There is nothing about a Ph.D. that guarantees
a person will be wiser, kinder, or more ethical than someone with only a high school education.
The same holds true even of love. Love, of course, is so often beautiful.
But it, too, can lead to evil. In the twentieth century people who put love of country above love
of God and goodness often committed terrible evil.
And here's a test for you: Imagine that the pet you love and a stranger -- a person you
don't know and therefore could not possibly love -- are drowning. Do you first try to
save your pet or the stranger? Well, if love is an end in itself, you save your pet.
But if you hold human life as a higher value than love, you won't follow love.
This Commandment made the ethical revolution of the Bible and of the Ten Commandments
-- what is known as ethical monotheism -- possible. Worship the God of the Ten Commandments and
you will make a good world. Worship a false god -- no matter how noble sounding --
and you will end up with a world of cruelty.
I'm Dennis Prager.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

【宗教哲學】十戒之二-沒有其他神祇 (2. No Other Gods)

1465 分類 收藏
周杰 發佈於 2015 年 9 月 11 日    張景惠 翻譯    Steven 審核
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔