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  • "Cities are very complex systems..."

  • "...our simplistic approaches to traditional hierarchical governance..."

  • "...have troubles dealing with that complexity. "

  • "We have the diversity of citizens with conflicting interests."

  • "Very important: limited autonomy."

  • "Nation states often don't grant cities the power..."

  • "...the powers to do anything about these big issues."

  • "And then as a result, cities are very much constrained with..."

  • "...a range of political, institutional and economical factors here."

  • "And finally: it's a big issue and increasingly problematic: ..."

  • "...because of a lack of free sources, funding, finances..."

  • "...we are at the forefront of privatising governance in cities..."

  • "I guess it's very important that national governments take on the urban challenge..."

  • "And understand much better where it is..."

  • "...that they have produced very counterproductive policies..."

  • "...for good urban development."

  • "And probably one of the most urgencies here is..."

  • "...to eliminate policies which have basically destroyed cities..."

  • "...which have basically produced very unfortunate urban development."

  • "Urban policy sectors are often not sectors of urban governance..."

  • "And that is something we really need to be aware of."

  • "There has been a lot of sharing of good practice..."

  • "...in areas like urban transport,..."

  • "...a classic area of innovation for cities."

  • "This is where the learning from each other worked quite well..."

  • "...because across the board globally this is an area..."

  • "...which tends to be really overseen by local governments."

  • "But if you move to energy it's a completely different story."

  • "This is a photo of the London array offshore windpark."

  • "Which has nothing to do with London governance."

  • "It's a name for marketing..."

  • "...it's actually run by European and British level governance..."

  • "...with big corporates."

  • "That can be very different."

  • "Munich is a city that owns his multi utility company..."

  • "And can - on the basis of that - make major strategic decisions..."

  • "...in the long run about electrifying, greening the city system."

  • "I think the aspects of connecting the development of cities..."

  • "...with very big questions about how much we continue to rely on..."

  • "...a long term establishment of strategic..."

  • "...forrms of governance..."

  • "...versus a network bottom up..."

  • "...and probably community led innovation..."

  • "...versus just using the urban narrative as something which can be taken on..."

  • "...by others than governments."

  • "I think it was good to see how you can package..."

  • "...these conversations."

  • "There wasn't anything conclusive: we are definitely shifting in that direction..."

  • "...but certainly a reinforcement that its three central components that matter."

"Cities are very complex systems..."

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B1 中級 英國腔

全球的挑戰,城市的未來--菲利普-羅德 (Global challenges, urban futures - Philipp Rode)

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    Jou 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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