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  • Hi. This is Rebecca. In today's English In the News lesson, we're going to talk about

    嗨,我是麗貝卡。在今天的 "新聞英語 "課上,我們要講的是:

  • cyber theft. So what does "cyber theft" mean? The word "cyber" has to do with computers.

    網絡盜竊。那麼網絡盜竊是什麼意思呢?這個詞cyber和電腦有關。

  • And the word "theft" has to do with stealing. All right? So let's look at three headlines

    而theft這個詞和偷竊有關。好嗎?所以,讓我們看三個標題

  • that were in the news recently regarding this subject of cyber theft. You'll also learn

    最近新聞中關於網絡盜竊的話題。您還將瞭解

  • lots of other vocabulary related to the same theme.

    很多其他詞彙與同一主題相關。

  • So the first headline said, "Target data theft affects 70 million". "Target", you should

    所以第一個頭條說,目標數據被盜影響7000萬。目標,你應該

  • know, is the name of a very large retail store in the United States and Canada and some other

    知道,是美國和加拿大一家非常大的零售店的名字,還有其他一些

  • places, perhaps. I know they are in Canada and the U.S. "target payment card heist."

    地方,也許。我知道他們在加拿大和美國。目標支付卡搶劫。

  • "Target security breach." Okay? These were three different headlines in three different

    目標安全漏洞好嗎?這是三個不同的頭條新聞,在三個不同的

  • newspapers about the same situation, the same story. Let's see what words they chose to

    報紙上關於同樣的情況,同樣的故事。讓我們來看看他們選擇了什麼詞語來

  • use. So here, we have "Target data theft." So that means data -- or "data" -- was stolen, and

    使用。所以在這裡,我們有目標數據竊取所以這意味著數據—或數據—被竊取了,而且。

  • it affected 70 million people. Here, they said "Target payment card heist". So what's

    它影響了7000萬人。在這裡,他們說目標支付卡搶劫。所以,什麼的

  • a "heist"? "Heist" is another word which means "robbery" or "stealing". Another way is "Target

    搶劫? Heist是另一個詞,意思是搶劫或偷竊。另一種方式是目標

  • security breach." So what's a "breach of security"? A "breach" is a kind of violation, when somebody

    安全漏洞。那麼什麼是違反安全呢?違規是一種違規行為,當有人

  • does something illegally that they are not allowed to do. They go over some limit that

    做一些他們不允許做的非法事情。他們超過了一些限制

  • they were not allowed to pass; that's a "breach". And in this case, it was a breach of -- or

    他們不被允許通過;這是一個違反。而在這種情況下,這是一個違反

  • violation of -- security. All right? So you have three different ways that they refer

    違反... 安全性。好嗎?所以你有三種不同的方式,他們提到

  • to it already. "Data theft", "payment card heist", "security breach". See how you can

    對它已經。數據盜竊,支付卡搶劫,安全漏洞。看看你如何能

  • pick up these expressions -- all right? -- to improve your English?

    掌握這些表達方式 -- 好嗎?-- 來提高你的英語水平?

  • Let's look out at a paragraph about that story. I'll just read it for you first. "Retail giant

    讓我們看出來一段關於這個故事。我就先給你讀一讀。零售巨頭

  • Target confirmed a pre-Christmas cyber attack at over 1700 U.S. stores, resulting in payment

    塔吉特公司證實,美國1700多家門店在聖誕節前遭到網絡攻擊,導致支付。

  • card and identity theft of over 70 million customers." Okay. A lot of information. A

    卡和身份盜竊超過7000萬客戶,好。很多資訊。

  • lot of journalistic writing -- packs in a lot of information, especially in the first

    大量的新聞寫作—包含了大量的資訊,特別是在第一部分。

  • paragraph. They're supposed to tell you who, what, when, where, why -- if they can -- or

    段。他們應該告訴你是誰,什麼,什麼時候,在哪裡,為什麼 - 如果他們可以 - 或

  • how in that one paragraph because in case you don't have time to read the rest, at least

    如何在這一段,因為如果你不有時間閱讀其餘的,至少

  • you've got the main information.

    你已經掌握了主要資訊。

  • So let's see if we can figure out what that information was. So who were the victims here?

    所以讓我們看看能不能弄清楚這些資訊是什麼。那麼這裡的受害者是誰?

  • Who was affected by this crime? Well, "Retail giant Target" -- Target store was affected,

    誰受到了這次犯罪的影響?嗯,零售巨頭Target--Target商店受到了影響。

  • and as a result, their customers were affected. These were the victims of this attack, this

    並是以影響了他們的客戶。這些都是這次攻擊的受害者,這

  • cyber attack.

    網絡攻擊。

  • Who were the criminals? Well, those who did the cyber attack. They're sometimes known

    誰是罪犯?嗯,那些做網絡攻擊的人。他們有時被稱為

  • as cyber thieves; they're known as cyber hackers. But you'll see this term "cyber" because they're

    作為網絡竊賊;他們被稱為網絡黑客。但你會看到這個術語網絡,因為他們

  • not just regular thieves. They steal through the means of the computer. Okay?

    不只是普通的小偷。他們通過電腦的手段偷竊。明白了嗎?

  • What was the crime? You've now learned many expressions to describe this crime. But let's

    罪行是什麼?你現在已經學會了很多描述這種犯罪的表達方式。但讓我們

  • see what we've found here. We have also found here "cyber attack", "payment card theft",

    看我們在這裡發現了什麼。我們還在這裡發現了網絡攻擊,支付卡盜竊

  • "identity theft", along with what we had up here, "data theft", "heist", and "breach".

    身份盜竊,以及我們在這裡的,數據盜竊,搶劫,以及違規

  • Right? "Security breach." So what is "identity theft"? What does it mean to steal somebody's

    對吧? 安全漏洞那麼什麼是身份盜竊呢?竊取別人的是什麼意思呢?

  • identity? Well, it means to take all of their personal and private information -- their

    身份?嗯,這意味著採取所有的 個人和私人資訊 - 他們的...

  • name, perhaps their email address, their credit card information, their address, things like

    名字,也許是他們的電子郵件地址,他們的信用卡資訊,他們的地址,像這樣的事情

  • that, phone number. And then, they might try to use your credit card and give your information

    那,電話號碼。然後,他們可能會嘗試使用 你的信用卡,並給你的資訊。

  • in an illegal way. So that's called "identity theft", stealing somebody's identity, pretending

    以非法的方式。所以,這就是所謂的身份盜竊,竊取別人的身份,假裝

  • to be that person, to do a fraudulent or illegal kind of transaction. Okay?

    成為那個人,做一個欺詐或非法的交易。好嗎?

  • And when did this happen? Okay. Did you find the information in this paragraph to tell

    什麼時候發生的?好吧,你有沒有發現這一段中的資訊可以告訴我們你有沒有發現這一段的資訊可以告訴你

  • you when it happened? It said "pre-Christmas cyber attack." Pre-Christmas" means "before

    你當它發生?它說,聖誕節前的網絡攻擊。聖誕節前是指之前的。

  • Christmas". Okay.

    聖誕節。好吧,我知道了

  • And where did it happen? Which places were affected by it? Here. 1700 U.S. stores.

    又是在哪裡發生的?哪些地方受其影響?在這裡,1700家美國商店。1700家美國商店。

  • All right? We can say the number like that, "seventeen hundred". You can also say "one thousand seven

    好嗎?我們可以這樣說數字,一千七百。你也可以說一千七百

  • hundred". All right?

    百。好嗎?

  • So here, if you continue to read the story, you would find more vocabulary that you could

    所以,在這裡,如果你繼續閱讀這個故事,你會發現更多的詞彙,你能

  • pick up. So here are three things that Target did after that -- after this happened -- and

    拿起。以下是Target在這之後做的三件事... 在這件事發生之後...

  • three things that they asked the customers to do. So let's look at vocabulary they used here.

    他們要求客戶做的三件事。那麼,讓我們來看看他們在這裡使用的詞彙吧。

  • So Target confirmed the unauthorized access. They confirmed; they said, "Yes. It really

    所以Target確認了未經授權的訪問。他們確認了,他們說,"是的",這真的是 "是的"。

  • did happen." Some people accessed or gained illegal -- they managed to reach illegally

    確實發生了。一些人訪問或獲得了非法 -- -- 他們設法非法到達。

  • information that was not supposed to be theirs." "Unauthorized" -- it wasn't allowed. Okay.

    不應該是他們的資訊,未經授權--這是不允許的。好吧。

  • Then, Target alerted the authorities. They warned the police, let's say. They got in

    然後,目標公司向當局發出警報。他們警告警察。他們進入了

  • touch with the police. They investigated the incident. They probed further; they tried

    與警方聯繫。他們調查了這一事件。他們進一步調查;他們試圖

  • to find out more information about what happened. "Incident" is any kind of occurrence, anything

    事件是指任何類型的事件,任何事情。

  • that happens. Then, they asked their customers to do certain things. They asked them to monitor

    的情況發生。然後,他們要求他們的客戶做某些事情。他們要求他們監控

  • their account information. "To monitor" something means to pay attention to what's happening

    他們的賬戶資訊。監控某事意味著關注發生了什麼

  • to it, to -- it's sort of -- yeah. Watch, watch what's happening. All right? "To remain

    對它,對... ... 它有點... ...看,看什麼的發生。好嗎?保持

  • vigilant for fraud" -- look at all the vocabulary here. Not necessarily beginner vocabulary.

    警惕欺詐 --看看這裡的所有詞彙。不一定是初級詞彙。

  • Quite advanced in some cases. "To remain vigilant" means to be on the lookout for, to watch out

    在某些情況下相當先進。保持警惕,意思是要注意、留意。

  • for, to pay attention to what's happening. And what is "fraud"? "Fraud" is any kind of

    為,要注意什麼的發生。而什麼是欺詐呢?欺詐是任何一種

  • cheating or lying or somebody gains a benefit through that. So somebody lied or cheated

    欺騙或說謊,或者有人從中獲得利益。所以有人說謊或欺騙

  • in order to get something for themselves. That is "fraud". And here, we see another

    以便為自己謀取利益。這就是欺詐。而在這裡,我們看到了另一種

  • form of the word "fraud". The customers are also told to report fraudulent activity. "Fraudulent"

    的形式詐騙。客戶也被告知要報告欺詐活動。欺詐

  • is the adjective from the word "fraud". Any kind of improper activity. Okay?

    是形容詞,來源於欺詐一詞。任何一種不正當的活動。好嗎?

  • So look at all the different kinds of vocabulary that you've got just from this one news story.

    所以,看看所有不同種類的詞彙,你僅僅從這一個新聞報道中得到了。

  • So remember; the news -- whether it's something you watch, whether it's something you read

    所以請記住;新聞 -- 無論是你看的東西,無論是你讀的東西。

  • or something you listen to -- is a great way to improve your English vocabulary. You'll

    或你聽的東西--是提高英語詞彙量的好方法。你會

  • have a chance to review this vocabulary and listen to it again and read it again. And

    有機會把這個詞彙複習一遍,再聽一遍,再讀一遍。而且

  • you can pick up that vocabulary. Try to use some of this after this lesson. Try to write

    你可以撿到這些詞彙。試著在這節課後使用一些。試著寫出

  • out some sentences of your own regarding something else. And you could say -- you can use the

    出一些自己的句子,關於其他的東西。你可以說 -- 你可以用

  • same vocabulary. You don't always have the use it for the same purpose. For example,

    相同的詞彙。你不一定要把它用於同樣的目的。比如說。

  • here, they confirmed the unauthorized access. But you might want to confirm a reservation,

    在這裡,他們確認了未經授權的訪問。但你可能想確認一個預訂。

  • right? You can confirm many things. You can alert the authorities. You can alert the police.

    對嗎?你可以確認很多事情。你可以提醒當局。你可以提醒警察。

  • You can investigate an incident. You can investigate an accident. You can monitor account information,

    你可以調查一個事件。您可以調查事故。您可以監控賬戶資訊。

  • or you can monitor your children when they're playing outside. Okay? Keep an eye on them.

    或者你可以監控你的孩子 當他們在外面玩。好嗎?盯著他們。

  • You can remain vigilant for fraud. You can remain vigilant for any kind of suspicious

    你可以對欺詐保持警惕。你可以對任何形式的可疑行為保持警惕。

  • behavior on anybody's part. And you can report fraudulent activity, or you could report a

    行為在任何人的一部分。你可以報告詐騙活動,或者你可以報告一個。

  • crime or an accident, right? So you can use these verbs for all kinds of purposes.

    犯罪或事故,對嗎?所以你可以把這些動詞用於各種用途。

  • If you'd like to do a quiz on this, please go to our website, www.engvid.com. You could

    如果你想做一個測驗,請到我們的網站,www.engvid.com。您可以

  • also subscribe to my YouTube channel and get lots more English lessons. Okay?

    還可以訂閱我的YouTube頻道,獲得更多的英語課程。好嗎?

  • So all the best with your English. Bye, for now.

    所以,所有最好的與你的英語。再見,現在。

Hi. This is Rebecca. In today's English In the News lesson, we're going to talk about

嗨,我是麗貝卡。在今天的 "新聞英語 "課上,我們要講的是:

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學習英文 - Cyber Crime (Learn English with the News: Cyber Crime)

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    Sam 發佈於 2015 年 03 月 11 日
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