初級 美國腔 68791 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Although February 2015 might fit perfectly on the page, every year it's the runt of the monthly litter.
This deficit of days, this calendar craziness, this oddity of the annum, like so much of modern culture, is the Romans' fault.
Here's the crazy story of why February has 28 days… except when it doesn't.
Romulus, the maybe-mythical, maybe-real founder and first king of Rome, had a problem.
With an increasing number of festivals, feasts, military ceremonies, and religious celebrations to keep track of,
Romans needed a calendar to organize all of them.
Ancient astronomers already had accurate calculations for the time between two solar equinoxes or solstices,
but nature had given people a nice, easy pie chart in the sky to track the passage of time,
so early Rome, like many other cultures, worked off a lunar calendar.
The calendar of the Romulan republic had ten months of either 30 or 31 days, beginning in March and ending in December,
and we can still see traces of that calendar today.
Problem was, that year was a few days short of four seasons.
Romans were too busy not dying during winter to count those 61 and a quarter extra days…
they'd just start the next year on the new moon before the spring equinox.
It's actually not a bad system, as long as you don’t have to figure out what day it is between December and March.
So the second king of Rome, Numa Pompilius, tried something else.
Even numbers were bad luck in Ancient Rome, so Numa started by removing a day from all the even-numbered months.
And being loony for Luna, Numa wanted his calendar to cover 12 cycles of the moon,
but that would have been an even number, so he rounded his year up to 355.
Numa split the remaining days into two months and tacked them on to the end of the year.
And that's how February got 28 days. Yes, it's an even number, but since the month was dedicated to spiritual purification,
Romans let that one slide.
But, as powerful as Rome may have been, they couldn't change the rules of the universe,
and neither of these calendars add up to anywhere close to the time it takes us to orbit the sun.
After a few years, the seasons are out of whack with the months, dogs and cats, living together, mass hysteria!!
Did we already use that joke?
This is where it gets even weirder.
See, February was actually split in two parts. The first 23 days and… the rest.
Every year, Numa's superstitious calendar would be out of line with the seasons by a little more than 10 days.
So every other year, the last few days of February were ignored
and a 27-day leap month was added after February 23rd or 24th.
This way every four years would average out to 366 and a quarter days… which is still too many days, but we're getting there.
Confused? You should be. Numa!
This system could have worked, every 19 years, lunar and solar calendars tend to line up,
so add enough leap months to keep the seasons in order and eventually everything will reset itself.
Except those leap months weren't always added according to plan.
Politicians would ask for leap months to extend their terms,
or “forget” them to get their opponents out of office.
And if Rome was at war, sometimes the leap month would be forgotten for years,
by the time Julius Caesar came to power, things had gotten pretty confusing.
Caesar had spent a lot of time in Egypt, where 365-day calendars were all the rage,
so in 46 BC, he flushed Rome's lunar calendar down the aqueduct and installed a solar calendar.
January and February had already been moved to the beginning of the year,
and Caesar added 10 days to different months to get a total of 365.
And since a tropical year is a tad longer than 365 days, Julius added a leap day every four years,
except that they inserted it after February 23, right in the middle of the month.
Apparently February is just the trash heap of the calendar, just do whatever feels good.
For all their work to reform the calendar and other stuff they did,
the 7th and 8th months of the year were renamed for Julius and his successor Augustus Caesar,
despite the fact that Pope Gregory would have to adjust it again in 1500 years.
But that's a story for a different day. Or month. I don't even know anymore. Stay curious.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

到底為什麼 2 月只有 28 天呢?Why Does February Only Have 28 Days? (Why Does February Only Have 28 Days?)

68791 分類 收藏
Ashley Chen 發佈於 2018 年 2 月 18 日    陳美瑩 翻譯    Kristi Yang 審核
看更多推薦影片

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔