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  • Your brain is constantly making calls about what's right and what's wrong,

    你的大腦持續不斷地對事物的對錯做出決定

  • and though you may not think twice about these everyday moral decisions.

    不過你或許不會對日常生活中的道德決策多做思考

  • Calculations behind them can be pretty complicated as you're about to see in this next experiment.

    如同你待會將會看到的實驗,決策背後的思考過程是非常複雜的

  • Imagine you're walking through the park one afternoon.

    想像在某個下午,你經過一個公園

  • When you see someone fall down,

    當你見到有人跌倒

  • would you lend a hand?

    你會伸出援手嗎

  • We've enlisted the help with an actress and set up a hidden-camera experiment to see what strangers will do in this exact scenario.

    我們設置了隱藏攝影鏡頭來做實驗,想請女演員假裝尋求幫助,藉此看看陌生人在這個實境情況中會如何應對

  • How do you think people react once our actress hits the pavement?

    當我們的女演員跌撞到人行道上,你覺得人們的反應為何?

  • I think she may have hurt herself.

    我想她可能受傷了

  • That didn't take long.

    不久就有人來了

  • Within seconds, a crowd quickly gathers around ready and willing to help.

    在短短幾秒內,一群人很快就聚集過來,準備幫忙

  • We run this experiment over and over,

    我們進行這個實驗許多次

  • and every time people responded to help her up in less than ten seconds.

    每次人們都在十秒內做出回應,幫助她站起來

  • Are you okay?

    你還好嗎

  • I'm okay.

    我還好

  • It seems people lend a helping hand to someone lying on the ground

    看起來,人們似乎會對躺在地上的人伸出援手

  • makes you feel good about humanity, right?

    會讓你對人性感覺良好,對吧

  • But is there anything we can do to make passersby turn a blind eye to the same person?

    但是要讓行人對同樣的人視而不見,我們可以怎麼做?

  • What happens when we change nothing but the way our actress looks?

    當我們僅僅改變了女演員的外貌,會發生什麼事?

  • Would you help someone up who looks so down and out?

    你會幫助一個看起來很落魄潦倒的人嗎?

  • How would people react now?

    人們現在的反應為何?

  • How long would it take for someone to help?

    讓他人伸出援手要花多久時間?

  • Thirty seconds have gone by, and no one has come close to help her.

    30秒過去了,沒有人接近她並幫助她

  • They just keep walking.

    他們只是自顧自地走過

  • More than a minute has passed, and no one has helped.

    一分鐘多過去了,依舊沒有人來幫助她

  • She's been on the ground for 15 minutes.

    她已經躺在地上15分鐘了

  • Before you judge any of these people too harshly,

    在你嚴厲地評論這些人之前

  • ask yourself, what would you do in this situation?

    請你捫心自問,遇見這種情況你會怎麼做?

  • It seems people's brains are having a hard time seeing this woman in need.

    人們在看到這個需要幫助的女人時,大腦似乎會經歷一段難熬的決策

  • It is if she were invisible even to this couple sitting just ten feet away.

    甚至對坐在僅僅一丈之外的情侶而言,她像是隱形的

  • Why did so many people start to help this woman but not this woman?

    為什麼許多人會對這個女人伸出援手,而非這個女人?

  • Why does our actress's appearance make such a huge difference?

    為什麼女演員的外貌不同會造成如此巨大的差異?

  • Empathy is an important motivational state for determining whether or not you will help someone in need.

    同情是決定是否幫助他人的一個重要動機

  • But what triggers our sense of empathy for others?

    不過是什麼觸發我們對他人的同情心呢

  • Psychologists have long noted that we automatically categorize other people as members of our in group or out group.

    心理學家很早就注意到,人們會自動分類其他人是否為你所屬群體的一員

  • Humans are a vaulting groups where our individual survival depended on the survival of others,

    人類是一個群體,我們的個人生存會依賴他人的生存來維持

  • so it makes evolutionary sense to help people in our own groups.

    所以根據進化上的原因,我們會去幫助和我們同一個群體的人

Your brain is constantly making calls about what's right and what's wrong,

你的大腦持續不斷地對事物的對錯做出決定

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 援手 伸出 幫助 演員 決策 群體

你是否會伸出援手?Helping Hands (你是否會伸出援手?Helping Hands)

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    王妍心 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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