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  • Hello. Do you have to learn grammar? I have to learn grammar sometimes. I'm a grammar

    哈囉大家,你們需要學文法嗎?我有時候也需要學文法,因為我是個

  • teacher. And I know grammar is really, really difficult sometimes. And it just makes you

    文法老師。我知道文法有時候真的非常、非常難理解,可能會讓你

  • want to scream, pull your hair out, freak out, and cry sometimes. "I hate grammar."

    想尖叫、抓爆頭髮或是崩潰大哭然後大喊:「我討厭文法!」

  • The reason why grammar is so difficult is because it's confusing; you have to remember

    文法之所以困難是因為容易混淆,所以你必須記住

  • so many rules; and then, there are exceptions to these so many rules; and it's just really

    很多不同的規則,還有在這些不同原則下所衍伸出的特例,這真的會讓人

  • confusing; and it's very different from your native language or languages, depending on

    頭昏腦脹。而英文又可能與你自身的母語或已習得的語言有差異,衝突語言的多寡

  • how many you speak. So really, really easy, really effective method to learn any grammar

    決定於你習得的語言有多少。所以,今天我們來學如何正確且有效學習

  • ever in the world. So today's lesson is how to learn, remember, and use any grammar that

    任何語言的文法。今天的課程是教你怎麼學習,並運用在任何的文法考試

  • is on a test, whether you're taking TOEFL or TOEIC or IELTS or Cambridge -- anything

    不論你是要考TOEFL 、TOEIC 、 IELTS 或是 Cambridge的考試,只要是任何

  • that you have to remember grammar for, this is going to be a godsend for you. It's going

    你需要記憶文法的狀況,這個方法就像上帝的禮物,讓你在學習上

  • to help you so much. Great. So let's get into it.

    可以無往不利。很棒吧,那我們開始囉

  • First one, you have two points to remember. That's it. Two. Done. The first one is the

    首先,有兩個重點要記得,就這樣,兩個重點。第一個是

  • structure. You have to remember and know how the grammar is made. Okay? The second point

    句型結構,你必須記住文法句型的組成結構,可以嗎?第二個是

  • is how or why do we use this? Why do I need to learn this stupid grammar? Am I ever going

    使用的時機和如何使用它?為什麼我要學這個蠢文法?在日常生活中

  • to use it in real life? Why would I say this? Why do I need present perfect? Why can't I

    真的會使用到嗎?我為什麼要這樣來說?為什麼我需要學現在完成式?為什麼我不能

  • just use simple past? Why do I need continuous? Why do I need passive? These are the questions

    就只學過去簡單式就好?為什麼我需要學進行式?為什麼我需要學被動式?這些都是

  • you have to ask two people, one, your teacher, and two, yourself. If you are teaching English

    你必須去向兩個人問的問題,第一個,你的老師,第二個,你自己。如果你是英文老師

  • and you don't know structure, and more importantly, how and why, you've got some homework to do.

    但你卻不懂句型架構,或甚至也不了解如何和為何而用,你需要再多做點功課囉

  • People -- students have asked me, "Teacher, why?" "I don't know." Just say to them,

    很多學生常常問我,「老師,為什麼是這樣?」,「嗯,我不知道。」,告訴你的學生

  • "I don't know." Go look it up. Do some research. Find the answer. The best thing is to find

    「我不清楚。」然後去查資料,去研究為什麼,還有找出答案。如果你需要的話,

  • your own answer if you have to do this. So let's dive into this.

    若能找出你能夠理解並以自己的方式解釋的話,是最棒的。我們繼續往下看

  • First of all, when I say "structure", I mean how do you make the grammar? How do you make

    首先,當我說「句型結構」,意思是這個文法是如何組成?你怎麼去造出一個句子?

  • the sentence? So if I give you the example of present continuous, this is the name of

    我們以現在進行式為例,現在進行式,是這個文法句型的名字

  • the grammar. If you just remember the name of the grammar, it's useless. So it comes

    如果你只是記得文法的名稱,是沒有用的。在考試時

  • to the test and it says, "Write a present continuous sentence." He's like, "Uh, I know

    若考卷上面寫:「請寫一句現在進行式的句子。」他的表情可能一附「蛤!?....喔我知道

  • present continuous. How do you make it?"

    現在進行式。」所以你該怎麼造句呢?

  • So the way that I always remember grammar is I always like to use a subject. Now, if

    我總是傾向使用subject(主詞)來幫助我長久記憶文法,但若你

  • you want to replace the word "subject" with any other word like [random sounds] or "dog",

    想要用其他字(隨意出聲)或是用「狗」這個單字來取代「Subject」(主詞)這個字

  • that's cool. But I like to use "subject" as my beginning.

    當然也沒關係,但我習慣將「Subject」這個字寫在句子的一開頭

  • Then, for present continuous, it's going to be "to be verb". But instead of just writing

    接著,現在進行式的句型,是後面接be動詞。但除了只寫上

  • "to be verb", it really, really helps you if you write out the different forms of the

    加be動詞以外,如果你能夠再寫出不同的be動詞形式的話,對你學習會

  • "to be" verb. So for example, "I am", "he is", "we are". Okay?

    非常有幫助。所以說,其它像是「I am」(我是)、 「he is」(他是)、「 we are」(我們是),可以嗎?

  • The second thing -- sorry. The last thing in the present continuous that makes the verb

    第二件事,喔不,現在進行式最後一個要注意的重點,讓動詞變進行式

  • continuous is you're going to have the -ing. So the structure or the form that I like to

    的方式,是在動詞後面加上ing。所以說在句型的結構或是組成上,我習慣

  • use for the present continuous is subject + "am", "is", "are" + verb + ing. The present

    使用subject + "am", "is", "are" + verb (動詞)+ ing來表達現在進行式。現在進行式

  • continuous also has another name, which is "present progressive". They're exactly the

    在英文有另一個名稱,是「present progressive」。這兩種名稱的現在進行式

  • same grammar point. The usages are the same. But it's just a different word for it. Don't

    文法重點都一樣,用法也一樣,只是不一樣的稱呼而已

  • worry. It's cool. Don't worry about it. So

    所以別擔心。好

  • next step -- we've got the structure. Next step, very important, how or why do I use

    接下來,我們剛剛已經學會了句型,下一步,很重要的一點,是如何以及為何

  • this? Why do I need to use this grammar? Why do I need to learn this grammar? You need

    要使用這個句型?為什麼我需要使用這個文法?為什麼我需要學習這個文法?因為你

  • to learn it because it's on your test. But as soon as the test is finished, why would

    要參加考試,所以你需要學會它。但一當考試結束後,為什麼我還需要去

  • I use this? How would I say this in my life? Answer -- actions you are doing now. What

    使用它呢?我該怎麼應用在日常生活中呢?答案是,使用在你正在做動作的當下。

  • are you doing right now? Are you watching a video? I think you are. So maybe you're

    你現在正在做什麼?你正在看影片?我想應該是。所以或許你正在

  • watching a video. Maybe you're eating something. Maybe you're brushing your teeth. I can't

    看影片,或許你正在吃東西,也或許你正在刷牙。我看不到你

  • see you. You can see me. What are you doing? Ah. Okay. Good. So present continuous, as

    但你可以看到我。你正在做甚麼呢?好,非常好,所以呢,現在進行式的例子

  • an example, structure, how and why.

    就像這樣,句型結構、如何使用以及為何使用。

  • Another really, really good thing to do is to write down as many examples as you can.

    另一個很棒的方法,是試著練習寫越多例子越好

  • It's always good to practice the grammar written. Also, talk. Speak. Get a video recorder and

    這是個練習英文寫作很棒的方式,或是透過口說練習,利用錄影機錄下

  • talk into it -- or tape recorder, digital recorder. Listen to yourself saying the new

    你的口說練習,或是使用錄音機、錄音筆來錄音練習,聽你自己口說練習

  • grammar sentences. It will help you remember if you play it back.

    新的文法句型,在重複聆聽下可以幫助你將句型牢牢記住。

  • Let's use this theory. Let's learn some new grammar. Maybe it's old grammar. It's okay.

    讓我們來用這個學習理論來學一些新的文法句型,這可能對你來說是舊的文法了,但沒關係

  • Past simple, so first of all, structure. How do I make past simple? Do you know? Do you

    過去簡單式,首先,是它的句型結構。我該怎麼造一個過去簡單式的句子呢?你知道嗎?

  • know? Okay. Past simple is going to be subject + a past tense of the verb, and usually, we're

    好,過去簡單式的句型是 subject (主詞)+某個動詞的過去式型態,通常動詞後面會再加上

  • going to have a noun or a complement to the verb. So you have subject + past tense + noun.

    一個名詞或是補語,來補足句子的完整性。所以,句型會是主詞 + 動詞過去式 + 名詞

  • For example, "I ate dinner." Yay. Okay. Uh-oh. So what -- hold on. So I've remembered the

    例如,「I ate dinner.」(我吃過晚餐了)。Ya....喔歐,等等,我記得這個文法句型

  • structure, but I need to know why would I use this? Why is this useful in my life? How

    但我需要知道為什麼我需要這樣使用?為什麼這在我生活中用得上?

  • or why? How do we use this? We use this to talk about past -- I'm going to say "boring".

    如何以及為何使用?我該怎麼運用?過去式是談論過去發生的事,我會說「乏味的」

  • Some people like to say "routine". But it's basically for past events. And usually, we

    有些人喜歡﹞「慣例」這個說法,但基本上就是使用在發生在過去的事件,通常

  • have a time marker in this. We don't have to have a time marker as a rule, but usually,

    我們會有一個明確的過去時間,但這不是一定須要具備的條件,只是通常

  • we throw in a time marker just to help us distinguish it from present perfect.

    我們會有一個明確的過去時間來跟現在完成式做區別

  • So rule No. 1, structure. How do you make the grammar? No. 2, how and why do I use this?

    所以,規則1是句型,關於怎麼組成文法句型結構?規則2,句型使用的原因和如何使用?

  • Why do I use this? This is how you're going to connect this for your brain. Step 3, I

    為什麼我需要使用這句型?這是你需要幫助大腦建立連結的方法。規則3,即便

  • didn't write it down, but that's okay. Think of, write down, talk about as many examples

    不寫下來也沒關係,試試看,寫下來,練習用不同的例子造句說出來

  • as you can. But very importantly, make the examples relevant to you, to your life. Don't

    但重點是,例句務必要儘量可以與你的日常生活做連結,

  • think about examples about someone else that you don't know or things that you don't care

    不要是關於別人的生活或是你不知道不了解,甚至是你不在意的事

  • about. Try and make them for you. This will help you remember why the grammar is important.

    用例句表達專屬你的生活,這可以幫助你記憶文法,以及這個文法句型的重要性

  • What are you doing right now? What did you do yesterday? So simple past. "I ate dinner.

    你現在正在做什麼?你昨天做了什麼事?所以,利用過去簡單式,「我吃了晚餐

  • I went for a walk. It was really cold. It was so cold. But I did it." Right now, I'm

    ,然後去散步,昨天真的很冷很冷,但我還是出門散步去。」現在,我正在

  • teaching you. I'm breathing. Are you breathing? I hope you're breathing. I'm watching you.

    教你們英文,我正在呼吸,你正在呼吸嗎?希望你正在呼吸。我正在看著你

  • You're watching me. It's fantastic.

    你正在看著我,太棒了

  • So the next time you're in grammar class or you're trying learn grammar by yourself -- it

    所以下次當你在文法課堂上或是自己學文法時

  • doesn't matter what language it is -- always think of these two very easy steps. One, structure;

    不論你所學的語言是什麼,永遠記住這兩個簡單的規則,一個是句型結構

  • two, how and why. I guarantee you that this will help you so much. I guarantee it so much

    一個是原因和如何使用。我向你保證,這會給你帶來很大的幫助,我相信你

  • that you will get your money back from somewhere if it doesn't work. Call this 1-800 number.

    會把你的學費用這兩個學習規則賺回來,它就像是免付費電話

  • Give it a chance. Bye.

    試試看吧,下次見囉

Hello. Do you have to learn grammar? I have to learn grammar sometimes. I'm a grammar

哈囉大家,你們需要學文法嗎?我有時候也需要學文法,因為我是個

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A2 初級 中文 句型 文法 進行式 動詞 使用 簡單式

如何學習文法--任何文法都可以!!! (How to learn grammar – any grammar!!!)

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    稲葉白兎 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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