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  • Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, I am going to teach you some key words you

  • can use when you talk about how things are the same or similar. Okay? So when you compare

  • two things -- when you're comparing apples and oranges, there are some similarities.

  • They're both fruits. When you're comparing shopping to skiing, when you're comparing

  • a city to a country or the countryside -- there is a certain language we like to use when

  • we're saying how these things are similar or the same. In this video, I'm going to teach

  • you a bunch of expressions you can use when comparing two things to show their similarities.

  • Okay? So this video is called "Talking about similarities".

  • So for this video, I decided I wanted to do a theme. I wanted to look at how Canada and

  • England are similar. In what ways are they very much alike? Okay? So each of my sentences

  • are going to have to do with Canada and England, and we're going to look at how they're alike

  • using these comparison words.

  • So for those of you watching, if you are doing the TOEFL, these words are essential. If you

  • are doing the IELTS -- very important vocabulary here. General English, you can use these at

  • university for essays, college, or even just general conversation. So let's get started.

  • Okay. So how are Canada and England the same? Well, I would say, first of all, both Canada

  • and England have a queen. Both Canada and England have Queen Elizabeth. So one word

  • we often use when we're talking about similarities is this word, "both". Both Canada and England

  • have a queen. Both Canada and England have trees. Both Canada and England have cities.

  • Okay? So there are a lot of different things you can compare. This is just one of them.

  • Now, I want to say why I wrote the word "beginning" here. "Both" often comes at the beginning

  • of a sentence. And notice how the construction is. We have both A and B. Another example,

  • "Both cats and dogs are animals." "Both hamsters and mice are rodents." Okay? So we use this

  • a lot when we're comparing.

  • We can also say "like". In this case, we're not saying, "I like Canada" or "I like" -- you

  • know, showing preference -- we're again showing similarity. "Like Canada, England has many

  • immigrants." Canada has many immigrants. England has many immigrants. "Like Canada, England

  • has many immigrants." And again, you'll notice "like" is at the beginning of the sentence.

  • It's often -- not always, but often -- at the beginning. We have it followed by a noun.

  • I could change this to something else. Imagine if I wanted to compare cats and dogs.

  • "Like cats, dogs have fur." Okay? I could say that. If I'm comparing men and women,

  • "Like women, men are human." Okay? It's not the greatest of comparisons, but you can use these types

  • of words when you're comparing. Okay?

  • So now, I have some other things I want to compare. In England, they speak English. In

  • Canada, we also speak English. Not everybody, but many Canadians speak English. Some speak

  • French, but a lot of people speak English. So I'm going to teach you some words you can

  • use when comparing these two sentences. "In England, they speak English. Similarly, in

  • Canada many people speak English, too. In comparison, in Canada many people also speak

  • English. In the same way, in Canada many people speak English." And finally, another way similar

  • to this but slightly different, "Likewise, in Canada many people speak English."

  • So these are a little bit different from these ones. They all mean how they are the same.

  • But you'll notice one of the differences here is these are followed by a comma. "Likewise,

  • comma." And then, we have the rest of the sentence. These go at the beginning of the

  • sentence. Okay? In case you can't tell, this is a period. So we have our first sentence,

  • "In England, they speak English. Similarly, in Canada many people speak English." Okay?

  • So you can use these in your writing. They would really, really help on your TOEFL, IELTS,

  • or university essays to help you get a better mark.

  • One other thing to say about these, just to give another example -- let's use cats and

  • dogs because it's easier. If we wanted to compare cats and dogs, maybe we could talk

  • about how they're great pets. People love cats; people love dogs. Okay? Maybe you don't

  • like them, but just for the example. So we can say, "Dogs are great pets. Similarly,

  • cats are also great pets. Dogs are great pets. In comparison, cats are also great pets. In

  • the same way, cats are great pets. Or likewise." Okay?

  • So now, let's look at some more of these types of expressions. Okay. Before we move on to

  • some comparison words that you can use in the middle of a sentence, I just wanted to

  • add one note about "in comparison". Okay? "In comparison" is also used with differences.

  • When you compare two things, you're saying how they're alike. But sometimes, because

  • of the way we use the word, "in comparison" can also be used when we're showing things

  • that are different. It's used in both of these ways. Okay?

  • So now, let's look at some sentences -- the middle of some sentences, some new words we

  • can use. The first one I want to teach you is "is similar to". Okay? And the key here

  • is preposition. A lot of the times, students don't put the right preposition. So they'll

  • say "is similar of", "is similar for". In this case, it's "to". "Canada is similar to

  • England." This is one way to show equality or similarity. "Cats are similar to dogs."

  • Okay? Another example, we can also say "is the same as". "Canada is the same as England."

  • This is a little stronger than "is similar to" because you're saying they're pretty much

  • the same. A lot of people would disagree, but just another word, "is the same as". Okay.

  • So let's use some of these together. I have here a blank. "England -- the USA" What similar

  • word or what comparing word can we use here? Take a moment to think. We could say, "England

  • is similar to the USA" Do you agree with that? I don't know. Tell me what you think.

  • Let's look at B. "In England, people speak English -- in the USA" So what could we add

  • here? "In England, people speak English -- in the USA." So there's actually a mistake here.

  • We'll add "people also speak English.

  • Okay. So what could we put over here? There are

  • many different things we could put. We could put "similarly"; we could put "likewise".

  • Okay? "In comparison." There are many different words we could use here.

  • Finally, let's try the last one. "Blank -- England, the USA is very multicultural." Meaning there

  • are people from all over the word living there. What could we say here? That's right, "like".

  • "Like England, the USA is very multicultural."

  • So thank you for watching this video. I invite you to come check out our website at www.engvid.com.

  • There, you can practice all of these words in our quiz. You can make sure that you're

  • using the correct preposition, the correct words in the correct ways. So I invite you

  • to come visit our website. Also, you can subscribe to my videos. There are a lot of different

  • resources on grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and many more things.

  • So until next time, take care.

Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's video, I am going to teach you some key words you

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提高你的寫作水平--6種比較方法 (Improve Your Writing - 6 ways to compare)

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    Cheng-Hong Liu 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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